Gender composition among adults who believe in Hell by religious group

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Religious tradition Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 48% 52% 4,475
Evangelical Protestant 46% 54% 6,978
Historically Black Protestant 42% 58% 1,557
Jewish 53% 47% 144
Mainline Protestant 46% 54% 3,327
Mormon 45% 55% 381
Muslim 65% 35% 173
Orthodox Christian 54% 46% 101
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 53% 47% 1,699

Learn More: Men, Women

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who are ages…

Gender composition 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 9,181. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 22% 35% 27% 15% 9,181
Women 20% 34% 27% 19% 9,633

Generational cohort among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Gender composition Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 9,181. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 14% 14% 29% 32% 10% 1% 9,181
Women 13% 14% 28% 31% 13% 1% 9,633

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Gender composition White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 9,182. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 64% 14% 3% 16% 3% 9,182
Women 63% 15% 3% 15% 4% 9,759

Immigrant status among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Gender composition Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 9,205. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 15% 9% 77% 9,205
Women 14% 9% 77% 9,688

Income distribution among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Gender composition Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 8,298. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 33% 21% 28% 18% 8,298
Women 43% 21% 24% 12% 8,352

Educational distribution among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who have completed…

Gender composition High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 9,264. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 48% 31% 14% 8% 9,264
Women 44% 35% 14% 7% 9,798

Marital status among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Gender composition Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 9,286. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 51% 6% 12% 4% 27% 9,286
Women 48% 6% 15% 10% 21% 9,807

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Gender composition Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 9,275. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 28% 72% 9,275
Women 34% 66% 9,819

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they…

Gender composition Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 75% 19% 4% 1% 1% 1% 9,318
Women 82% 14% 2% 1% 1% < 1% 9,849

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who say religion is…

Gender composition Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 63% 27% 7% 3% < 1% 9,318
Women 73% 21% 5% 2% < 1% 9,849

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 43% 36% 21% < 1% 9,318
Women 50% 32% 17% 1% 9,849

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who pray…

Gender composition At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 61% 18% 7% 13% 1% 9,318
Women 75% 15% 4% 6% 1% 9,849

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 29% 12% 10% 49% < 1% 9,318
Women 35% 12% 9% 43% 1% 9,849

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who meditate…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 41% 8% 4% 45% 2% 9,318
Women 46% 8% 3% 42% 2% 9,849

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 60% 15% 9% 14% 1% 9,318
Women 70% 13% 8% 8% 1% 9,849

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 44% 16% 13% 26% 1% 9,318
Women 44% 16% 12% 26% 2% 9,849

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Gender composition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 41% 8% 43% 6% 3% 9,318
Women 49% 6% 38% 5% 2% 9,849

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Gender composition There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 42% 55% 2% 1% 9,318
Women 37% 61% 1% 1% 9,849

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who read scripture…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 41% 13% 9% 36% 1% 9,318
Women 51% 11% 8% 29% 1% 9,849

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Gender composition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 41% 33% 3% 17% 6% 9,318
Women 46% 32% 3% 13% 5% 9,849

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who …in heaven

Gender composition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 95% 3% 3% 9,318
Women 95% 2% 2% 9,849

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Gender composition Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 49% 17% 35% 9,318
Women 40% 17% 43% 9,849

Political ideology among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Gender composition Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 48% 30% 16% 5% 9,318
Women 42% 33% 18% 7% 9,849

Views about size of government among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who would rather have…

Gender composition Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 61% 34% 2% 3% 9,318
Women 47% 47% 2% 4% 9,849

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Gender composition Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 54% 41% 4% 2% 9,318
Women 46% 48% 4% 2% 9,849

Views about abortion among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Gender composition Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 41% 55% 4% 9,318
Women 43% 53% 4% 9,849

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Gender composition Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 46% 47% 4% 3% 9,318
Women 56% 37% 4% 4% 9,849

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Gender composition Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 37% 55% 8% 9,318
Women 45% 48% 7% 9,849

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Gender composition Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 49% 47% 2% 2% 9,318
Women 40% 55% 2% 4% 9,849

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who believe in Hell who say humans…

Gender composition Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 20% 31% 3% 41% 4% 9,318
Women 18% 28% 3% 47% 4% 9,849