Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Hell by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Religious tradition Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 192. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 48% 52% 192
Catholic 44% 56% 2,080
Evangelical Protestant 47% 53% 957
Hindu 59% 41% 118
Historically Black Protestant 36% 64% 225
Jehovah's Witness 34% 66% 215
Jewish 51% 49% 637
Mainline Protestant 43% 57% 2,056
Mormon 45% 55% 227
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 58% 42% 5,272

Learn More: Men, Women

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are ages…

Gender composition 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 6,642. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 26% 34% 23% 17% 6,642
Women 24% 33% 25% 18% 5,959

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Gender composition Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 6,642. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 16% 17% 26% 29% 10% 1% 6,642
Women 15% 15% 27% 30% 12% 1% 5,959

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who identify as…

Gender composition White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 6,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 71% 6% 6% 14% 4% 6,636
Women 71% 8% 4% 14% 4% 6,016

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Gender composition Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 6,675. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 15% 12% 72% 6,675
Women 16% 12% 72% 6,034

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Gender composition Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 6,117. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 24% 19% 30% 27% 6,117
Women 32% 19% 27% 22% 5,306

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who have completed…

Gender composition High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 6,713. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 35% 29% 21% 15% 6,713
Women 31% 30% 22% 17% 6,065

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Gender composition Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 6,720. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 45% 9% 11% 3% 31% 6,720
Women 47% 9% 13% 8% 23% 6,064

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Gender composition Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 6,720. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 23% 77% 6,720
Women 29% 71% 6,084

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say they…

Gender composition Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 29% 23% 11% 1% 33% 4% 6,742
Women 46% 25% 8% 1% 18% 3% 6,097

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say religion is…

Gender composition Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 21% 24% 21% 32% 1% 6,742
Women 35% 27% 17% 20% 1% 6,097

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 14% 30% 56% < 1% 6,742
Women 23% 35% 43% < 1% 6,097

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who pray…

Gender composition At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 23% 12% 7% 57% 1% 6,742
Women 44% 15% 6% 34% 1% 6,097

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 9% 4% 5% 81% < 1% 6,742
Women 14% 7% 7% 72% < 1% 6,097

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who meditate…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 31% 9% 5% 53% 1% 6,742
Women 39% 11% 5% 45% 1% 6,097

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 42% 15% 11% 31% 1% 6,742
Women 54% 16% 11% 17% 1% 6,097

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 49% 16% 14% 20% 1% 6,742
Women 47% 16% 13% 23% 1% 6,097

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Gender composition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 10% 19% 52% 17% 2% 6,742
Women 18% 15% 52% 13% 2% 6,097

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say…

Gender composition There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 24% 74% 1% 1% 6,742
Women 21% 77% 1% 1% 6,097

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who read scripture…

Gender composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 14% 7% 8% 72% 1% 6,742
Women 21% 8% 7% 62% 1% 6,097

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Gender composition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 8% 14% 1% 72% 6% 6,742
Women 14% 22% 1% 56% 7% 6,097

Belief in Heaven among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who …in heaven

Gender composition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 30% 65% 5% 6,742
Women 47% 48% 6% 6,097

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who identify as…

Gender composition Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 30% 20% 51% 6,742
Women 23% 19% 58% 6,097

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Gender composition Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 23% 37% 34% 6% 6,742
Women 19% 33% 41% 7% 6,097

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who would rather have…

Gender composition Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 54% 39% 3% 3% 6,742
Women 41% 52% 3% 4% 6,097

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Gender composition Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 39% 56% 4% 2% 6,742
Women 33% 63% 3% 2% 6,097

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Gender composition Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 72% 24% 4% 6,742
Women 73% 24% 3% 6,097

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Gender composition Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 77% 17% 3% 3% 6,742
Women 84% 12% 2% 2% 6,097

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Gender composition Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 72% 22% 6% 6,742
Women 78% 17% 6% 6,097

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say…

Gender composition Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 30% 66% 2% 2% 6,742
Women 25% 70% 2% 3% 6,097

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Hell by gender

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say humans…

Gender composition Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,742. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Men 62% 16% 4% 15% 2% 6,742
Women 50% 20% 4% 22% 3% 6,097