Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Religious tradition Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 151. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 19% 13% 68% 151
Catholic 38% 13% 49% 704
Evangelical Protestant 8% 5% 88% 496
Jewish 9% 24% 67% 461
Mainline Protestant 11% 9% 80% 850
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 13% 14% 73% 4,383

Learn More: Immigrants, Second generation, Third generation or higher

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are ages…

Immigrant status 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,016. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 27% 45% 19% 9% 1,016
Second generation 40% 25% 15% 19% 977
Third generation or higher 26% 34% 25% 15% 5,794

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Immigrant status Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,016. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 15% 21% 35% 22% 6% 1% 1,016
Second generation 29% 17% 19% 19% 11% 4% 977
Third generation or higher 16% 18% 26% 30% 9% 1% 5,794

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Immigrant status Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 55% 45% 1,033
Second generation 61% 39% 990
Third generation or higher 58% 42% 5,869

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Immigrant status White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,018. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 29% 4% 24% 41% 2% 1,018
Second generation 53% 3% 13% 26% 4% 973
Third generation or higher 85% 6% 1% 4% 4% 5,787

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Immigrant status Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 896. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 34% 19% 22% 25% 896
Second generation 27% 18% 29% 26% 879
Third generation or higher 23% 19% 30% 28% 5,349

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have completed…

Immigrant status High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 38% 21% 20% 22% 1,025
Second generation 28% 33% 24% 16% 988
Third generation or higher 28% 31% 24% 17% 5,850

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Immigrant status Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,025. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 49% 11% 11% 2% 27% 1,025
Second generation 34% 9% 8% 5% 44% 987
Third generation or higher 45% 10% 13% 4% 28% 5,849

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Immigrant status Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 35% 65% 1,031
Second generation 17% 83% 989
Third generation or higher 24% 76% 5,854

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they…

Immigrant status Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 28% 22% 15% 1% 31% 3% 1,033
Second generation 16% 19% 15% 1% 46% 3% 990
Third generation or higher 22% 20% 11% 1% 41% 5% 5,869

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Immigrant status Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 24% 25% 22% 29% < 1% 1,033
Second generation 11% 20% 28% 41% 1% 990
Third generation or higher 16% 18% 24% 42% 1% 5,869

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 14% 36% 49% 1% 1,033
Second generation 9% 25% 66% < 1% 990
Third generation or higher 11% 24% 65% < 1% 5,869

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who pray…

Immigrant status At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 26% 12% 9% 53% 1% 1,033
Second generation 16% 7% 5% 71% 1% 990
Third generation or higher 20% 9% 5% 65% 1% 5,869

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 10% 6% 8% 76% < 1% 1,033
Second generation 7% 4% 3% 87% < 1% 990
Third generation or higher 8% 3% 4% 85% < 1% 5,869

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who meditate…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 35% 10% 6% 46% 3% 1,033
Second generation 27% 10% 5% 58% < 1% 990
Third generation or higher 31% 10% 6% 52% 1% 5,869

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 46% 15% 14% 24% 2% 1,033
Second generation 38% 16% 10% 35% 1% 990
Third generation or higher 42% 16% 10% 31% 1% 5,869

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 42% 16% 18% 21% 2% 1,033
Second generation 48% 16% 15% 21% 1% 990
Third generation or higher 52% 16% 12% 19% 1% 5,869

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Immigrant status Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 12% 15% 44% 26% 2% 1,033
Second generation 6% 22% 48% 21% 2% 990
Third generation or higher 9% 19% 53% 17% 2% 5,869

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Immigrant status There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 21% 76% 1% 1% 1,033
Second generation 19% 79% 2% 1% 990
Third generation or higher 22% 76% 1% 1% 5,869

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 15% 6% 8% 70% 1% 1,033
Second generation 8% 6% 6% 80% < 1% 990
Third generation or higher 12% 5% 6% 76% < 1% 5,869

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Immigrant status Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 11% 10% 1% 71% 7% 1,033
Second generation 4% 7% < 1% 84% 5% 990
Third generation or higher 6% 8% 1% 81% 5% 5,869

Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …in hell

Immigrant status Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 7% 92% 1% 1,033
Second generation 5% 94% 1% 990
Third generation or higher 7% 92% 1% 5,869

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Immigrant status Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 16% 29% 55% 1,033
Second generation 20% 15% 65% 990
Third generation or higher 26% 16% 58% 5,869

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Immigrant status Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 17% 32% 43% 8% 1,033
Second generation 14% 32% 48% 5% 990
Third generation or higher 19% 33% 43% 5% 5,869

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Immigrant status Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 35% 60% 3% 3% 1,033
Second generation 49% 45% 3% 3% 990
Third generation or higher 50% 42% 4% 3% 5,869

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Immigrant status Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 35% 60% 4% 2% 1,033
Second generation 30% 65% 3% 2% 990
Third generation or higher 34% 61% 3% 1% 5,869

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Immigrant status Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 67% 30% 3% 1,033
Second generation 83% 14% 3% 990
Third generation or higher 79% 18% 3% 5,869

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Immigrant status Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 77% 18% 2% 3% 1,033
Second generation 87% 8% 3% 2% 990
Third generation or higher 84% 13% 2% 2% 5,869

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Immigrant status Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 72% 23% 5% 1,033
Second generation 84% 11% 5% 990
Third generation or higher 80% 16% 4% 5,869

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Immigrant status Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 24% 70% 2% 3% 1,033
Second generation 21% 76% 2% 2% 990
Third generation or higher 24% 72% 2% 2% 5,869

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say humans…

Immigrant status Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 60% 13% 4% 20% 3% 1,033
Second generation 74% 10% 4% 10% 2% 990
Third generation or higher 72% 10% 4% 14% 1% 5,869