Immigrant status among adults who believe in Hell by religious group

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Religious tradition Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 28% 14% 58% 4,427
Evangelical Protestant 8% 7% 85% 6,888
Historically Black Protestant 7% 3% 90% 1,527
Jewish 18% 26% 56% 143
Mainline Protestant 7% 6% 88% 3,297
Mormon 10% 6% 84% 376
Muslim 63% 20% 17% 168
Orthodox Christian 36% 30% 34% 101
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 12% 9% 79% 1,652

Learn More: Immigrants, Second generation, Third generation or higher

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who are ages…

Immigrant status 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 2,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 23% 47% 21% 9% 2,033
Second generation 38% 30% 16% 16% 1,550
Third generation or higher 19% 33% 29% 19% 15,006

Generational cohort among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Immigrant status Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 2,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 12% 20% 37% 24% 6% < 1% 2,033
Second generation 29% 15% 24% 19% 11% 2% 1,550
Third generation or higher 12% 13% 27% 35% 12% 1% 15,006

Gender composition among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Immigrant status Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 49% 51% 2,068
Second generation 47% 53% 1,575
Third generation or higher 47% 53% 15,250

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Immigrant status White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 2,049. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 14% 11% 14% 59% 2% 2,049
Second generation 42% 8% 8% 38% 3% 1,558
Third generation or higher 75% 16% < 1% 5% 4% 15,082

Income distribution among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Immigrant status Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,716. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 54% 20% 16% 10% 1,716
Second generation 39% 21% 24% 16% 1,365
Third generation or higher 35% 22% 28% 16% 13,404

Educational distribution among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who have completed…

Immigrant status High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 2,054. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 58% 22% 13% 7% 2,054
Second generation 40% 36% 15% 8% 1,572
Third generation or higher 44% 35% 14% 7% 15,197

Marital status among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Immigrant status Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 2,058. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 51% 8% 13% 4% 25% 2,058
Second generation 36% 8% 11% 7% 38% 1,571
Third generation or higher 51% 6% 14% 8% 22% 15,197

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Immigrant status Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 2,056. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 44% 56% 2,056
Second generation 28% 72% 1,572
Third generation or higher 29% 71% 15,202

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they…

Immigrant status Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 68% 26% 4% 1% 1% < 1% 2,068
Second generation 74% 19% 4% 1% 2% < 1% 1,575
Third generation or higher 82% 15% 2% < 1% 1% 1% 15,250

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say religion is…

Immigrant status Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 73% 21% 4% 2% 1% 2,068
Second generation 61% 29% 7% 3% < 1% 1,575
Third generation or higher 69% 23% 6% 2% < 1% 15,250

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 50% 33% 17% < 1% 2,068
Second generation 43% 38% 19% < 1% 1,575
Third generation or higher 46% 34% 19% < 1% 15,250

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who pray…

Immigrant status At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 68% 17% 5% 9% 1% 2,068
Second generation 63% 18% 6% 13% < 1% 1,575
Third generation or higher 69% 16% 5% 9% 1% 15,250

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 35% 15% 11% 38% 1% 2,068
Second generation 26% 12% 9% 52% < 1% 1,575
Third generation or higher 33% 11% 9% 46% 1% 15,250

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who meditate…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 53% 10% 5% 29% 3% 2,068
Second generation 41% 8% 4% 45% 2% 1,575
Third generation or higher 42% 7% 3% 46% 1% 15,250

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 66% 14% 10% 9% 1% 2,068
Second generation 60% 17% 10% 12% 1% 1,575
Third generation or higher 66% 14% 8% 11% 1% 15,250

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 50% 15% 14% 19% 2% 2,068
Second generation 45% 15% 14% 26% 1% 1,575
Third generation or higher 43% 16% 12% 28% 1% 15,250

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Immigrant status Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 43% 9% 33% 12% 2% 2,068
Second generation 37% 10% 43% 8% 1% 1,575
Third generation or higher 47% 6% 41% 4% 2% 15,250

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Immigrant status There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 30% 66% 2% 2% 2,068
Second generation 33% 65% 1% 1% 1,575
Third generation or higher 42% 56% 1% 1% 15,250

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who read scripture…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 47% 14% 9% 30% 1% 2,068
Second generation 38% 13% 11% 38% < 1% 1,575
Third generation or higher 47% 11% 8% 32% 1% 15,250

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Immigrant status Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 48% 27% 4% 15% 5% 2,068
Second generation 36% 36% 2% 21% 5% 1,575
Third generation or higher 44% 33% 3% 14% 6% 15,250

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who …in heaven

Immigrant status Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 95% 3% 2% 2,068
Second generation 95% 3% 2% 1,575
Third generation or higher 95% 2% 3% 15,250

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Immigrant status Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 25% 28% 47% 2,068
Second generation 37% 15% 47% 1,575
Third generation or higher 49% 15% 37% 15,250

Political ideology among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Immigrant status Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 37% 29% 26% 8% 2,068
Second generation 36% 36% 23% 4% 1,575
Third generation or higher 48% 32% 15% 6% 15,250

Views about size of government among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who would rather have…

Immigrant status Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 26% 69% 3% 3% 2,068
Second generation 49% 47% 2% 2% 1,575
Third generation or higher 60% 34% 2% 3% 15,250

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Immigrant status Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 40% 53% 4% 3% 2,068
Second generation 48% 48% 3% 1% 1,575
Third generation or higher 52% 42% 4% 2% 15,250

Views about abortion among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Immigrant status Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 38% 57% 5% 2,068
Second generation 50% 45% 4% 1,575
Third generation or higher 42% 54% 4% 15,250

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Immigrant status Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 55% 37% 4% 4% 2,068
Second generation 62% 30% 4% 3% 1,575
Third generation or higher 49% 43% 4% 3% 15,250

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Immigrant status Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 42% 49% 9% 2,068
Second generation 53% 39% 8% 1,575
Third generation or higher 40% 53% 7% 15,250

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Immigrant status Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 37% 56% 2% 5% 2,068
Second generation 42% 55% 1% 2% 1,575
Third generation or higher 45% 50% 2% 3% 15,250

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say humans…

Immigrant status Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,068. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 24% 27% 3% 41% 5% 2,068
Second generation 27% 30% 3% 38% 3% 1,575
Third generation or higher 17% 30% 3% 45% 4% 15,250