Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Religious tradition Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 171. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 35% 18% 34% 13% 171
Catholic 34% 19% 26% 20% 1,800
Evangelical Protestant 34% 21% 29% 16% 855
Hindu 14% 13% 31% 41% 107
Historically Black Protestant 47% 25% 18% 10% 200
Jehovah's Witness 47% 24% 24% 4% 184
Jewish 11% 13% 25% 50% 535
Mainline Protestant 21% 18% 30% 30% 1,796
Mormon 24% 20% 36% 20% 204
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 26% 20% 28% 25% 4,809

Learn More: Less than $30,000, $30,000-$49,999, $50,000-$99,999, $100,000 or more

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are ages…

Income distribution 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 2,630. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 33% 27% 21% 19% 2,630
$30,000-$49,999 28% 34% 21% 17% 2,005
$50,000-$99,999 22% 37% 25% 16% 3,431
$100,000 or more 16% 42% 30% 12% 3,268

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Income distribution Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 2,630. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 18% 21% 21% 26% 12% 1% 2,630
$30,000-$49,999 16% 21% 25% 26% 12% 1% 2,005
$50,000-$99,999 13% 16% 29% 31% 10% 1% 3,431
$100,000 or more 12% 10% 36% 35% 6% 1% 3,268

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Income distribution Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 45% 55% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 52% 48% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 55% 45% 3,454
$100,000 or more 57% 43% 3,303

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who identify as…

Income distribution White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 2,627. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 59% 10% 3% 23% 5% 2,627
$30,000-$49,999 67% 8% 6% 16% 4% 2,000
$50,000-$99,999 78% 6% 4% 9% 3% 3,409
$100,000 or more 81% 4% 7% 6% 3% 3,272

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Income distribution Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 2,609. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 21% 13% 66% 2,609
$30,000-$49,999 15% 12% 73% 2,007
$50,000-$99,999 11% 12% 77% 3,434
$100,000 or more 13% 12% 75% 3,291

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who have completed…

Income distribution High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 2,641. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 52% 32% 11% 5% 2,641
$30,000-$49,999 38% 36% 17% 9% 2,018
$50,000-$99,999 23% 32% 27% 18% 3,451
$100,000 or more 14% 21% 31% 34% 3,295

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Income distribution Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 2,639. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 25% 13% 19% 9% 34% 2,639
$30,000-$49,999 37% 11% 14% 6% 33% 2,013
$50,000-$99,999 55% 8% 10% 3% 24% 3,450
$100,000 or more 68% 7% 6% 2% 18% 3,297

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Income distribution Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 2,642. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 24% 76% 2,642
$30,000-$49,999 21% 79% 2,018
$50,000-$99,999 26% 74% 3,447
$100,000 or more 34% 66% 3,298

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say they…

Income distribution Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 44% 24% 9% 1% 21% 3% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 40% 24% 9% 1% 24% 3% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 35% 24% 9% 1% 28% 4% 3,454
$100,000 or more 27% 26% 12% < 1% 30% 5% 3,303

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say religion is…

Income distribution Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 35% 26% 16% 23% 1% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 29% 26% 21% 24% 1% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 23% 26% 20% 29% 1% 3,454
$100,000 or more 20% 25% 23% 31% 1% 3,303

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 21% 30% 49% < 1% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 18% 32% 50% < 1% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 17% 33% 50% < 1% 3,454
$100,000 or more 14% 36% 50% < 1% 3,303

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who pray…

Income distribution At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 42% 13% 6% 38% 1% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 34% 13% 6% 46% 1% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 30% 14% 7% 49% < 1% 3,454
$100,000 or more 25% 14% 8% 53% < 1% 3,303

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 16% 6% 6% 72% < 1% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 11% 5% 6% 77% < 1% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 11% 5% 6% 78% < 1% 3,454
$100,000 or more 8% 4% 6% 82% < 1% 3,303

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who meditate…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 42% 10% 4% 43% 2% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 34% 9% 6% 51% 1% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 32% 10% 5% 52% < 1% 3,454
$100,000 or more 30% 10% 6% 53% 1% 3,303

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 50% 14% 9% 25% 1% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 48% 17% 10% 25% 1% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 47% 16% 12% 24% 1% 3,454
$100,000 or more 46% 18% 12% 22% 1% 3,303

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 52% 13% 10% 24% 1% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 46% 15% 14% 23% 1% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 48% 17% 14% 20% < 1% 3,454
$100,000 or more 48% 19% 16% 17% 1% 3,303

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Income distribution Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 19% 15% 51% 14% 1% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 15% 16% 54% 13% 2% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 12% 18% 53% 16% 1% 3,454
$100,000 or more 9% 21% 50% 18% 2% 3,303

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say…

Income distribution There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 22% 76% 1% 1% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 22% 76% 1% 1% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 24% 74% 1% < 1% 3,454
$100,000 or more 22% 76% 1% < 1% 3,303

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who read scripture…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 24% 9% 7% 59% 1% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 18% 7% 7% 67% 1% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 15% 7% 8% 70% < 1% 3,454
$100,000 or more 11% 6% 8% 75% < 1% 3,303

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Income distribution Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 19% 19% 1% 54% 7% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 11% 19% 1% 62% 7% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 6% 17% 1% 70% 5% 3,454
$100,000 or more 4% 15% 1% 76% 5% 3,303

Belief in Heaven among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who …in heaven

Income distribution Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 45% 49% 6% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 39% 56% 5% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 36% 60% 4% 3,454
$100,000 or more 30% 65% 5% 3,303

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who identify as…

Income distribution Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 20% 27% 52% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 29% 17% 54% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 28% 14% 58% 3,454
$100,000 or more 30% 10% 60% 3,303

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Income distribution Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 22% 30% 39% 8% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 21% 38% 35% 6% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 21% 37% 39% 3% 3,454
$100,000 or more 18% 37% 43% 2% 3,303

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who would rather have…

Income distribution Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 40% 53% 3% 4% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 50% 44% 3% 3% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 51% 43% 3% 3% 3,454
$100,000 or more 51% 42% 4% 3% 3,303

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Income distribution Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 32% 63% 3% 2% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 37% 57% 4% 2% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 38% 57% 4% 1% 3,454
$100,000 or more 34% 62% 3% 1% 3,303

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Income distribution Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 63% 33% 4% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 70% 26% 3% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 78% 19% 3% 3,454
$100,000 or more 82% 16% 2% 3,303

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Income distribution Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 76% 19% 3% 2% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 78% 17% 3% 3% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 83% 12% 3% 2% 3,454
$100,000 or more 88% 9% 2% 1% 3,303

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Income distribution Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 68% 25% 7% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 73% 21% 6% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 79% 16% 4% 3,454
$100,000 or more 84% 13% 4% 3,303

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say…

Income distribution Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 31% 63% 2% 4% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 30% 66% 2% 2% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 25% 72% 2% 2% 3,454
$100,000 or more 24% 73% 2% 1% 3,303

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Hell by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say humans…

Income distribution Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 47% 19% 4% 26% 4% 2,647
$30,000-$49,999 51% 21% 4% 22% 2% 2,019
$50,000-$99,999 64% 17% 3% 15% 1% 3,454
$100,000 or more 69% 16% 4% 9% 1% 3,303