Income distribution among adults who seldom or never pray by religious group

% of adults who seldom or never pray who have a household income of…

Religious tradition Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 32% 20% 28% 20% 795
Evangelical Protestant 37% 24% 26% 13% 291
Jewish 11% 16% 25% 47% 346
Mainline Protestant 26% 18% 27% 30% 796
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 26% 21% 29% 25% 4,482

Learn More: Less than $30,000, $30,000-$49,999, $50,000-$99,999, $100,000 or more

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who are ages…

Income distribution 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,612. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 43% 28% 16% 13% 1,612
$30,000-$49,999 39% 34% 17% 11% 1,278
$50,000-$99,999 27% 40% 20% 12% 2,154
$100,000 or more 22% 41% 26% 12% 2,182

Generational cohort among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who are…

Income distribution Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,612. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 27% 25% 20% 20% 9% 1% 1,612
$30,000-$49,999 23% 25% 24% 20% 7% 1% 1,278
$50,000-$99,999 17% 20% 31% 24% 8% 1% 2,154
$100,000 or more 16% 12% 35% 31% 6% 1% 2,182

Gender composition among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who are…

Income distribution Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 60% 40% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 65% 35% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 67% 33% 2,165
$100,000 or more 67% 33% 2,204

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who identify as…

Income distribution White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,599. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 67% 7% 4% 17% 5% 1,599
$30,000-$49,999 70% 4% 8% 14% 4% 1,278
$50,000-$99,999 79% 4% 5% 9% 2% 2,144
$100,000 or more 84% 2% 7% 5% 2% 2,187

Immigrant status among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who are…

Income distribution Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,587. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 15% 13% 72% 1,587
$30,000-$49,999 13% 14% 72% 1,274
$50,000-$99,999 11% 12% 77% 2,149
$100,000 or more 13% 12% 75% 2,195

Educational distribution among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who have completed…

Income distribution High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,614. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 55% 32% 9% 4% 1,614
$30,000-$49,999 40% 36% 18% 6% 1,283
$50,000-$99,999 27% 33% 26% 14% 2,162
$100,000 or more 16% 22% 32% 30% 2,200

Marital status among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who are…

Income distribution Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,610. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 19% 12% 17% 5% 46% 1,610
$30,000-$49,999 32% 13% 12% 4% 40% 1,280
$50,000-$99,999 50% 10% 9% 2% 29% 2,164
$100,000 or more 62% 9% 5% 2% 23% 2,200

Parent of children under 18 among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who are…

Income distribution Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,613. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 22% 78% 1,613
$30,000-$49,999 20% 80% 1,283
$50,000-$99,999 26% 74% 2,162
$100,000 or more 31% 69% 2,197

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say they…

Income distribution Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 22% 25% 14% 1% 33% 6% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 20% 28% 11% 1% 35% 6% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 13% 25% 14% 1% 41% 7% 2,165
$100,000 or more 10% 21% 16% < 1% 44% 8% 2,204

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say religion is…

Income distribution Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 12% 25% 26% 36% 1% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 6% 25% 32% 35% 1% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 4% 21% 31% 43% < 1% 2,165
$100,000 or more 3% 20% 32% 45% < 1% 2,204

Attendance at religious services among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who attend religious services…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 5% 22% 73% < 1% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 4% 25% 72% < 1% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 3% 25% 72% < 1% 2,165
$100,000 or more 3% 30% 67% < 1% 2,204

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who attend prayer group…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 3% 2% 3% 92% < 1% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 1% 1% 2% 95% < 1% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 1% 2% 3% 95% < 1% 2,165
$100,000 or more 1% 1% 2% 96% < 1% 2,204

Frequency of meditation among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who meditate…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 18% 9% 5% 67% 1% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 15% 7% 6% 71% < 1% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 16% 9% 5% 69% 1% 2,165
$100,000 or more 17% 9% 6% 68% < 1% 2,204

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 29% 14% 11% 45% 1% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 30% 15% 13% 41% 1% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 29% 16% 13% 39% 2% 2,165
$100,000 or more 33% 17% 15% 34% 1% 2,204

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 41% 13% 12% 34% 1% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 39% 15% 15% 30% < 1% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 40% 18% 16% 25% 1% 2,165
$100,000 or more 44% 19% 17% 20% 1% 2,204

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Income distribution Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 7% 16% 59% 17% 2% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 6% 16% 60% 16% 2% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 3% 18% 59% 18% 1% 2,165
$100,000 or more 2% 20% 54% 23% 1% 2,204

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say…

Income distribution There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 17% 81% 1% 1% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 18% 80% 1% 1% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 21% 77% 1% < 1% 2,165
$100,000 or more 20% 78% 1% < 1% 2,204

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who read scripture…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 5% 4% 6% 85% < 1% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 2% 3% 5% 89% < 1% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 1% 3% 5% 91% < 1% 2,165
$100,000 or more 1% 2% 5% 92% < 1% 2,204

Interpreting scripture among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say the holy scripture is…

Income distribution Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 12% 13% 1% 67% 8% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 7% 13% < 1% 74% 6% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 3% 9% < 1% 83% 5% 2,165
$100,000 or more 1% 8% < 1% 86% 5% 2,204

Belief in Heaven among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who …in heaven

Income distribution Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 40% 50% 10% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 37% 54% 9% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 29% 63% 8% 2,165
$100,000 or more 21% 71% 9% 2,204

Belief in Hell among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who …in hell

Income distribution Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 32% 59% 9% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 27% 65% 8% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 21% 73% 6% 2,165
$100,000 or more 14% 79% 7% 2,204

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who identify as…

Income distribution Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 20% 27% 53% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 28% 19% 53% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 27% 15% 57% 2,165
$100,000 or more 30% 10% 60% 2,204

Political ideology among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who are…

Income distribution Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 18% 34% 40% 8% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 19% 40% 36% 6% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 20% 36% 40% 4% 2,165
$100,000 or more 17% 36% 43% 3% 2,204

Views about size of government among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who would rather have…

Income distribution Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 39% 54% 3% 4% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 51% 42% 2% 4% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 51% 42% 3% 3% 2,165
$100,000 or more 53% 41% 3% 2% 2,204

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say government aid to the poor…

Income distribution Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 31% 64% 3% 1% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 41% 54% 4% 1% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 41% 54% 3% 1% 2,165
$100,000 or more 36% 60% 3% 1% 2,204

Views about abortion among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say abortion should be…

Income distribution Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 69% 28% 4% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 74% 22% 3% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 84% 14% 3% 2,165
$100,000 or more 87% 11% 2% 2,204

Views about homosexuality among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say homosexuality…

Income distribution Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 82% 13% 3% 2% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 81% 13% 3% 3% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 87% 10% 2% 1% 2,165
$100,000 or more 89% 8% 2% 1% 2,204

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who …same-sex marriage

Income distribution Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 76% 18% 6% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 78% 17% 4% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 82% 13% 4% 2,165
$100,000 or more 85% 11% 3% 2,204

Views about environmental regulation among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say…

Income distribution Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 31% 63% 2% 3% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 31% 65% 2% 2% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 25% 72% 2% 2% 2,165
$100,000 or more 24% 73% 2% 1% 2,204

Views about human evolution among adults who seldom or never pray by household income

% of adults who seldom or never pray who say humans…

Income distribution Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,617. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 62% 14% 5% 16% 3% 1,617
$30,000-$49,999 65% 15% 5% 13% 1% 1,284
$50,000-$99,999 77% 10% 3% 9% 1% 2,165
$100,000 or more 82% 8% 3% 5% 2% 2,204