Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in Hell

% of adults who believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 19,167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 32% 3% 15% 6% 19,167
2007 46% 30% 4% 13% 7% 20,461

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in Hell by religious group

% of adults who believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Religious tradition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 31% 41% 3% 19% 6% 4,475
Evangelical Protestant 59% 28% 4% 5% 4% 6,978
Historically Black Protestant 62% 23% 3% 7% 5% 1,557
Jewish 29% 43% 4% 19% 5% 144
Mainline Protestant 33% 40% 3% 17% 7% 3,327
Mormon 36% 53% 6% 4% 2% 381
Muslim 47% 31% 10% 10% 3% 173
Orthodox Christian 27% 51% 2% 13% 7% 101
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 24% 25% 2% 39% 9% 1,699

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who are ages…

Interpreting scripture 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 7,917. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 15% 34% 30% 21% 7,917
Word of God; not everything taken literally 26% 35% 24% 15% 6,458
Word of God; other/don't know 14% 32% 28% 26% 650
Not the word of God 31% 35% 24% 10% 2,726
Other/don't know 20% 36% 27% 17% 1,063

Generational cohort among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Interpreting scripture Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 7,917. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 9% 11% 29% 35% 14% 2% 7,917
Word of God; not everything taken literally 17% 15% 29% 29% 9% 1% 6,458
Word of God; other/don't know 9% 9% 28% 33% 19% 2% 650
Not the word of God 20% 19% 28% 28% 6% < 1% 2,726
Other/don't know 10% 18% 28% 33% 10% 1% 1,063

Gender composition among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Interpreting scripture Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 44% 56% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 48% 52% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 45% 55% 679
Not the word of God 54% 46% 2,756
Other/don't know 51% 49% 1,101

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Interpreting scripture White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 7,986. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 58% 20% 2% 17% 3% 7,986
Word of God; not everything taken literally 70% 11% 3% 13% 4% 6,495
Word of God; other/don't know 66% 11% 3% 15% 5% 664
Not the word of God 64% 10% 5% 17% 4% 2,719
Other/don't know 63% 15% 3% 14% 5% 1,077

Immigrant status among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Interpreting scripture Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 7,954. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 16% 7% 77% 7,954
Word of God; not everything taken literally 12% 10% 79% 6,482
Word of God; other/don't know 17% 6% 77% 664
Not the word of God 15% 12% 73% 2,720
Other/don't know 14% 8% 79% 1,073

Income distribution among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Interpreting scripture Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 6,924. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 45% 22% 22% 10% 6,924
Word of God; not everything taken literally 30% 21% 30% 19% 5,816
Word of God; other/don't know 39% 21% 26% 14% 534
Not the word of God 35% 20% 27% 18% 2,478
Other/don't know 41% 19% 25% 15% 898

Educational distribution among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who have completed…

Interpreting scripture High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 8,027. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 55% 30% 11% 5% 8,027
Word of God; not everything taken literally 37% 35% 18% 10% 6,528
Word of God; other/don't know 46% 33% 13% 8% 672
Not the word of God 40% 35% 16% 9% 2,745
Other/don't know 40% 40% 13% 7% 1,090

Marital status among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Interpreting scripture Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 8,051. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 52% 5% 15% 9% 20% 8,051
Word of God; not everything taken literally 50% 6% 12% 5% 27% 6,534
Word of God; other/don't know 55% 4% 13% 11% 17% 670
Not the word of God 42% 11% 12% 4% 32% 2,748
Other/don't know 43% 10% 16% 7% 24% 1,090

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Interpreting scripture Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 8,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 31% 69% 8,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 33% 67% 6,525
Word of God; other/don't know 30% 70% 672
Not the word of God 30% 70% 2,750
Other/don't know 30% 70% 1,090

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they…

Interpreting scripture Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 89% 9% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 80% 18% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 88% 8% < 1% 2% < 1% 1% 679
Not the word of God 48% 36% 11% < 1% 3% 2% 2,756
Other/don't know 72% 20% 3% 2% 1% 2% 1,101

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who say religion is…

Interpreting scripture Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 86% 12% 1% 1% < 1% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 64% 30% 5% 1% < 1% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 82% 14% 1% 1% 1% 679
Not the word of God 29% 43% 19% 8% < 1% 2,756
Other/don't know 57% 30% 8% 3% 1% 1,101

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 62% 27% 11% < 1% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 43% 40% 17% < 1% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 55% 28% 15% 2% 679
Not the word of God 15% 42% 43% < 1% 2,756
Other/don't know 29% 43% 27% 2% 1,101

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who pray…

Interpreting scripture At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 81% 12% 3% 4% < 1% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 65% 21% 6% 8% < 1% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 83% 10% 2% 3% 3% 679
Not the word of God 38% 21% 11% 30% < 1% 2,756
Other/don't know 60% 19% 7% 12% 3% 1,101

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 47% 14% 9% 29% 1% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 25% 13% 11% 51% < 1% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 40% 10% 10% 38% 2% 679
Not the word of God 8% 6% 7% 78% < 1% 2,756
Other/don't know 18% 9% 8% 62% 2% 1,101

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who meditate…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 53% 7% 3% 35% 2% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 38% 8% 4% 49% 1% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 50% 5% 3% 37% 5% 679
Not the word of God 29% 10% 4% 56% 1% 2,756
Other/don't know 40% 9% 4% 45% 3% 1,101

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 76% 11% 6% 7% 1% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 61% 18% 10% 10% 1% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 71% 11% 8% 6% 5% 679
Not the word of God 45% 18% 13% 23% 1% 2,756
Other/don't know 57% 16% 9% 13% 4% 1,101

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 45% 15% 11% 27% 2% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 41% 19% 14% 25% 1% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 44% 13% 11% 26% 7% 679
Not the word of God 43% 16% 13% 27% 1% 2,756
Other/don't know 47% 14% 12% 24% 3% 1,101

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Interpreting scripture Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 62% 4% 28% 4% 2% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 41% 8% 44% 5% 2% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 53% 4% 31% 3% 10% 679
Not the word of God 12% 13% 62% 11% 1% 2,756
Other/don't know 28% 9% 52% 6% 6% 1,101

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Interpreting scripture There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 46% 51% 1% 1% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 38% 60% 1% < 1% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 42% 49% 6% 3% 679
Not the word of God 25% 73% 1% 1% 2,756
Other/don't know 32% 63% 3% 1% 1,101

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who read scripture…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 64% 11% 7% 18% 1% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 38% 15% 11% 36% < 1% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 59% 9% 8% 21% 2% 679
Not the word of God 14% 9% 9% 67% < 1% 2,756
Other/don't know 33% 14% 10% 41% 2% 1,101

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who …in heaven

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 95% 2% 2% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 97% 2% 2% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 91% 3% 7% 679
Not the word of God 93% 5% 3% 2,756
Other/don't know 92% 2% 6% 1,101

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Interpreting scripture Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 46% 16% 38% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 49% 14% 37% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 46% 24% 30% 679
Not the word of God 33% 19% 48% 2,756
Other/don't know 32% 28% 40% 1,101

Political ideology among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Interpreting scripture Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 54% 25% 14% 7% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 43% 37% 16% 4% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 51% 27% 10% 12% 679
Not the word of God 26% 40% 29% 6% 2,756
Other/don't know 32% 36% 19% 13% 1,101

Views about size of government among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who would rather have…

Interpreting scripture Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 50% 45% 2% 3% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 60% 36% 2% 2% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 52% 33% 5% 10% 679
Not the word of God 52% 43% 2% 3% 2,756
Other/don't know 50% 35% 6% 9% 1,101

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Interpreting scripture Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 51% 44% 4% 2% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 53% 43% 3% 1% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 51% 33% 10% 6% 679
Not the word of God 44% 51% 3% 2% 2,756
Other/don't know 43% 45% 8% 4% 1,101

Views about abortion among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Interpreting scripture Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 31% 65% 4% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 46% 52% 2% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 29% 59% 12% 679
Not the word of God 67% 30% 3% 2,756
Other/don't know 51% 38% 11% 1,101

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Interpreting scripture Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 35% 58% 4% 4% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 61% 32% 4% 3% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 33% 50% 10% 8% 679
Not the word of God 79% 16% 3% 2% 2,756
Other/don't know 57% 29% 9% 6% 1,101

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Interpreting scripture Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 25% 68% 7% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 49% 45% 7% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 25% 58% 16% 679
Not the word of God 72% 21% 7% 2,756
Other/don't know 51% 36% 13% 1,101

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Interpreting scripture Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 49% 45% 2% 4% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 42% 55% 1% 1% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 42% 42% 7% 9% 679
Not the word of God 35% 61% 2% 2% 2,756
Other/don't know 39% 49% 6% 7% 1,101

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who believe in Hell who say humans…

Interpreting scripture Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 11% 22% 2% 59% 5% 8,082
Word of God; not everything taken literally 19% 38% 2% 37% 3% 6,549
Word of God; other/don't know 11% 21% 4% 46% 18% 679
Not the word of God 43% 30% 5% 20% 2% 2,756
Other/don't know 21% 33% 10% 28% 8% 1,101