Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 11% 18% 1% 64% 7% 12,839
2007 11% 21% 1% 56% 10% 10,938

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Hell by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Religious tradition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 192. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 1% 5% < 1% 84% 10% 192
Catholic 15% 28% 2% 47% 8% 2,080
Evangelical Protestant 28% 40% 3% 24% 6% 957
Hindu 7% 11% < 1% 67% 16% 118
Historically Black Protestant 40% 30% 1% 18% 10% 225
Jehovah's Witness 45% 41% 7% 2% 4% 215
Jewish 5% 19% 1% 68% 7% 637
Mainline Protestant 9% 28% 2% 52% 10% 2,056
Mormon 27% 58% 3% 9% 4% 227
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 4% 5% < 1% 86% 4% 5,272

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are ages…

Interpreting scripture 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,067. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 15% 35% 30% 20% 1,067
Word of God; not everything taken literally 21% 30% 27% 22% 2,209
Word of God; other/don't know 11% 19% 37% 33% 125
Not the word of God 29% 35% 22% 14% 8,346
Other/don't know 18% 30% 26% 25% 854

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Interpreting scripture Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,067. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 9% 12% 28% 35% 13% 2% 1,067
Word of God; not everything taken literally 14% 12% 25% 33% 14% 1% 2,209
Word of God; other/don't know 7% 6% 17% 44% 23% 2% 125
Not the word of God 18% 18% 27% 27% 9% 1% 8,346
Other/don't know 9% 14% 26% 32% 17% 3% 854

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Interpreting scripture Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 37% 63% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 41% 59% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 34% 66% 130
Not the word of God 57% 43% 8,467
Other/don't know 45% 55% 891

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who identify as…

Interpreting scripture White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,084. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 46% 18% 3% 30% 3% 1,084
Word of God; not everything taken literally 70% 9% 3% 14% 4% 2,224
Word of God; other/don't know 66% 9% 1% 19% 5% 123
Not the word of God 75% 4% 6% 11% 4% 8,355
Other/don't know 66% 8% 7% 13% 5% 866

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Interpreting scripture Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,072. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 28% 10% 62% 1,072
Word of God; not everything taken literally 14% 13% 74% 2,236
Word of God; other/don't know 18% 8% 74% 126
Not the word of God 14% 13% 73% 8,396
Other/don't know 16% 12% 72% 879

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Interpreting scripture Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 915. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 53% 21% 17% 8% 915
Word of God; not everything taken literally 31% 21% 28% 21% 1,991
Not the word of God 23% 18% 30% 28% 7,711
Other/don't know 32% 22% 26% 20% 714

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who have completed…

Interpreting scripture High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,085. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 60% 26% 9% 5% 1,085
Word of God; not everything taken literally 40% 30% 17% 13% 2,247
Word of God; other/don't know 41% 36% 16% 7% 129
Not the word of God 26% 30% 25% 19% 8,435
Other/don't know 33% 31% 20% 16% 882

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Interpreting scripture Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,089. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 47% 7% 17% 9% 21% 1,089
Word of God; not everything taken literally 51% 6% 12% 7% 24% 2,246
Word of God; other/don't know 61% 1% 11% 12% 14% 130
Not the word of God 44% 11% 11% 4% 30% 8,437
Other/don't know 48% 8% 13% 10% 21% 882

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Interpreting scripture Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,094. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 29% 71% 1,094
Word of God; not everything taken literally 28% 72% 2,248
Word of God; other/don't know 25% 75% 130
Not the word of God 24% 76% 8,442
Other/don't know 26% 74% 890

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say they…

Interpreting scripture Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 81% 15% 2% 1% 1% < 1% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 67% 26% 4% < 1% 2% < 1% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 82% 11% < 1% 3% 2% 2% 130
Not the word of God 19% 25% 13% 1% 38% 5% 8,467
Other/don't know 50% 26% 7% 1% 11% 6% 891

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say religion is…

Interpreting scripture Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 77% 16% 4% 3% 1% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 54% 35% 7% 3% 1% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 76% 15% 5% 2% 1% 130
Not the word of God 11% 24% 26% 38% 1% 8,467
Other/don't know 36% 32% 17% 13% 2% 891

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 51% 29% 20% < 1% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 37% 42% 21% < 1% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 53% 27% 18% 1% 130
Not the word of God 7% 29% 64% < 1% 8,467
Other/don't know 21% 39% 39% 1% 891

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who pray…

Interpreting scripture At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 73% 14% 3% 9% 1% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 59% 21% 7% 13% < 1% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 67% 15% 3% 9% 6% 130
Not the word of God 18% 11% 7% 63% 1% 8,467
Other/don't know 43% 14% 9% 32% 2% 891

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 41% 12% 8% 39% 1% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 23% 9% 11% 56% < 1% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 41% 6% 7% 43% 3% 130
Not the word of God 3% 3% 4% 90% < 1% 8,467
Other/don't know 13% 8% 7% 71% 1% 891

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who meditate…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 54% 7% 2% 34% 2% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 39% 9% 4% 46% 1% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 60% 6% 3% 28% 3% 130
Not the word of God 29% 11% 6% 53% 1% 8,467
Other/don't know 41% 10% 4% 43% 2% 891

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 70% 11% 7% 10% 2% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 56% 18% 11% 15% 1% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 74% 9% 11% 4% 2% 130
Not the word of God 41% 17% 12% 30% 1% 8,467
Other/don't know 55% 12% 8% 22% 3% 891

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 49% 13% 9% 26% 2% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 44% 15% 13% 27% 1% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 45% 15% 8% 25% 6% 130
Not the word of God 50% 17% 14% 19% < 1% 8,467
Other/don't know 46% 12% 13% 27% 2% 891

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Interpreting scripture Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 48% 6% 37% 7% 2% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 29% 12% 50% 7% 2% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 43% 4% 36% 6% 12% 130
Not the word of God 4% 21% 55% 19% 1% 8,467
Other/don't know 15% 13% 54% 10% 7% 891

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say…

Interpreting scripture There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 37% 60% 1% 3% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 30% 68% 1% 1% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 50% 44% 2% 4% 130
Not the word of God 18% 80% 1% 1% 8,467
Other/don't know 22% 74% 2% 2% 891

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who read scripture…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 54% 12% 5% 27% 2% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 33% 12% 10% 45% 1% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 56% 15% 3% 22% 4% 130
Not the word of God 6% 5% 7% 81% < 1% 8,467
Other/don't know 20% 8% 9% 61% 2% 891

Belief in Heaven among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who …in heaven

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 75% 21% 4% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 72% 22% 6% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 68% 24% 9% 130
Not the word of God 21% 74% 5% 8,467
Other/don't know 45% 43% 12% 891

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who identify as…

Interpreting scripture Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 32% 29% 39% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 37% 20% 42% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 31% 44% 24% 130
Not the word of God 22% 16% 62% 8,467
Other/don't know 25% 27% 47% 891

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Interpreting scripture Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 40% 28% 20% 12% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 32% 40% 23% 6% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 34% 19% 15% 32% 130
Not the word of God 15% 35% 46% 5% 8,467
Other/don't know 22% 36% 32% 10% 891

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who would rather have…

Interpreting scripture Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 40% 55% 2% 3% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 53% 42% 2% 3% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 49% 30% 8% 13% 130
Not the word of God 48% 46% 3% 3% 8,467
Other/don't know 43% 40% 9% 8% 891

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Interpreting scripture Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 44% 50% 2% 3% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 45% 52% 2% 1% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 38% 46% 8% 7% 130
Not the word of God 32% 64% 3% 1% 8,467
Other/don't know 34% 52% 10% 5% 891

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Interpreting scripture Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 37% 57% 5% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 57% 40% 3% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 35% 49% 15% 130
Not the word of God 83% 14% 3% 8,467
Other/don't know 66% 24% 10% 891

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Interpreting scripture Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 50% 41% 4% 4% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 69% 24% 4% 2% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 47% 33% 9% 11% 130
Not the word of God 89% 7% 2% 1% 8,467
Other/don't know 75% 12% 6% 6% 891

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Interpreting scripture Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 38% 52% 10% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 63% 30% 7% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 37% 41% 21% 130
Not the word of God 86% 10% 4% 8,467
Other/don't know 67% 19% 14% 891

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say…

Interpreting scripture Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 44% 47% 3% 6% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 35% 61% 2% 2% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 39% 43% 5% 13% 130
Not the word of God 22% 74% 2% 2% 8,467
Other/don't know 26% 61% 6% 7% 891

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Hell by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say humans…

Interpreting scripture Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,096. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 15% 22% 3% 54% 6% 1,096
Word of God; not everything taken literally 25% 36% 3% 34% 3% 2,255
Word of God; other/don't know 8% 18% 8% 51% 14% 130
Not the word of God 75% 12% 3% 8% 1% 8,467
Other/don't know 37% 22% 13% 18% 9% 891