Interpreting scripture among widowed adults

% of widowed adults who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,218. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 43% 24% 5% 20% 9% 3,218
2007 43% 23% 7% 16% 11% 3,705

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

Interpreting scripture among widowed adults by religious group

% of widowed adults who say the holy scripture is…

Religious tradition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 30% 34% 4% 22% 10% 721
Evangelical Protestant 64% 21% 5% 6% 5% 923
Historically Black Protestant 72% 10% 4% 7% 7% 196
Mainline Protestant 33% 30% 7% 18% 12% 791
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 17% 14% < 1% 58% 10% 338

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who are ages…

Interpreting scripture 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,210. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally < 1% 6% 22% 72% 1,210
Word of God; not everything taken literally < 1% 8% 20% 72% 830
Word of God; other/don't know < 1% 2% 17% 81% 132
Not the word of God 1% 7% 26% 66% 679
Other/don't know < 1% 7% 16% 76% 289

Generational cohort among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who are…

Interpreting scripture Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,210. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally < 1% 1% 6% 29% 53% 12% 1,210
Word of God; not everything taken literally < 1% 1% 7% 29% 52% 10% 830
Word of God; other/don't know < 1% < 1% 2% 24% 58% 15% 132
Not the word of God < 1% 1% 7% 37% 45% 10% 679
Other/don't know < 1% < 1% 7% 23% 52% 17% 289

Gender composition among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who are…

Interpreting scripture Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 22% 78% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 24% 76% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 23% 77% 138
Not the word of God 33% 67% 693
Other/don't know 23% 77% 303

Racial and ethnic composition among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who identify as…

Interpreting scripture White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,219. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 67% 20% 1% 10% 2% 1,219
Word of God; not everything taken literally 82% 6% 2% 7% 3% 845
Word of God; other/don't know 76% 10% 3% 5% 7% 135
Not the word of God 81% 7% 1% 7% 3% 680
Other/don't know 82% 8% 3% 4% 3% 299

Immigrant status among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who are…

Interpreting scripture Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,211. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 8% 9% 83% 1,211
Word of God; not everything taken literally 8% 11% 81% 841
Word of God; other/don't know 10% 7% 83% 133
Not the word of God 9% 15% 76% 685
Other/don't know 7% 16% 77% 295

Income distribution among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who have a household income of…

Interpreting scripture Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 998. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 69% 18% 9% 3% 998
Word of God; not everything taken literally 52% 26% 15% 6% 712
Not the word of God 47% 21% 20% 11% 574
Other/don't know 56% 16% 16% 11% 229

Educational distribution among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who have completed…

Interpreting scripture High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,228. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 69% 23% 6% 3% 1,228
Word of God; not everything taken literally 51% 29% 11% 9% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 65% 25% 7% 3% 135
Not the word of God 44% 27% 15% 14% 688
Other/don't know 45% 33% 11% 10% 300

Parent of children under 18 among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who are…

Interpreting scripture Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,232. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 8% 92% 1,232
Word of God; not everything taken literally 8% 92% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 1% 99% 137
Not the word of God 4% 96% 691
Other/don't know 9% 91% 303

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who say they…

Interpreting scripture Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 89% 8% 1% 2% < 1% < 1% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 79% 17% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 82% 13% 1% 3% < 1% 1% 138
Not the word of God 40% 26% 10% 1% 16% 6% 693
Other/don't know 65% 19% 7% 6% 2% 2% 303

Importance of religion in one's life among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who say religion is…

Interpreting scripture Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 90% 8% 1% 1% 1% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 66% 29% 3% 2% < 1% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 82% 15% 2% 1% < 1% 138
Not the word of God 29% 31% 17% 21% 2% 693
Other/don't know 60% 25% 7% 5% 3% 303

Attendance at religious services among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who attend religious services…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 62% 21% 16% 1% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 48% 32% 20% 1% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 48% 28% 21% 3% 138
Not the word of God 17% 28% 53% 1% 693
Other/don't know 35% 35% 28% 2% 303

Frequency of prayer among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who pray…

Interpreting scripture At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 85% 9% 2% 3% 1% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 71% 16% 5% 7% 1% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 84% 10% < 1% 3% 3% 138
Not the word of God 39% 15% 5% 39% 1% 693
Other/don't know 64% 15% 3% 14% 4% 303

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who attend prayer group…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 47% 10% 9% 30% 3% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 26% 7% 10% 56% 1% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 24% 5% 10% 59% 3% 138
Not the word of God 8% 5% 5% 82% < 1% 693
Other/don't know 18% 7% 9% 63% 3% 303

Frequency of meditation among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who meditate…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 68% 6% 2% 19% 4% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 54% 7% 3% 34% 3% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 56% 5% 1% 31% 7% 138
Not the word of God 37% 8% 4% 48% 2% 693
Other/don't know 53% 7% 2% 34% 4% 303

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 80% 6% 4% 7% 2% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 65% 12% 9% 13% 1% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 76% 5% 8% 9% 2% 138
Not the word of God 48% 12% 9% 29% 2% 693
Other/don't know 53% 14% 5% 20% 8% 303

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 48% 11% 11% 26% 4% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 43% 13% 12% 31% 1% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 40% 7% 11% 34% 8% 138
Not the word of God 45% 10% 15% 30% 1% 693
Other/don't know 40% 11% 9% 35% 5% 303

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Interpreting scripture Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 59% 4% 31% 3% 3% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 36% 5% 52% 4% 4% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 49% 3% 30% 3% 15% 138
Not the word of God 10% 16% 61% 11% 2% 693
Other/don't know 27% 5% 59% 2% 8% 303

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who say…

Interpreting scripture There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 36% 59% 2% 4% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 33% 65% 1% 2% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 32% 60% 2% 5% 138
Not the word of God 21% 76% 3% 1% 693
Other/don't know 28% 67% 2% 4% 303

Frequency of reading scripture among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who read scripture…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 68% 8% 6% 16% 2% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 38% 13% 9% 39% 1% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 46% 8% 12% 29% 5% 138
Not the word of God 17% 6% 8% 68% < 1% 693
Other/don't know 37% 9% 8% 45% 2% 303

Belief in Heaven among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who …in heaven

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 94% 3% 3% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 91% 4% 5% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 92% 3% 5% 138
Not the word of God 48% 40% 12% 693
Other/don't know 70% 13% 17% 303

Belief in Hell among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who …in hell

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 81% 11% 8% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 61% 28% 11% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 69% 15% 16% 138
Not the word of God 26% 63% 11% 693
Other/don't know 42% 37% 21% 303

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who identify as…

Interpreting scripture Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 36% 16% 47% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 45% 14% 42% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 33% 24% 43% 138
Not the word of God 27% 18% 55% 693
Other/don't know 34% 20% 45% 303

Political ideology among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who are…

Interpreting scripture Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 49% 29% 13% 9% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 40% 41% 14% 5% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 34% 27% 22% 16% 138
Not the word of God 26% 35% 32% 7% 693
Other/don't know 32% 37% 22% 8% 303

Views about size of government among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who would rather have…

Interpreting scripture Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 47% 44% 3% 6% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 58% 34% 3% 5% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 49% 27% 12% 12% 138
Not the word of God 49% 40% 5% 5% 693
Other/don't know 47% 27% 13% 12% 303

Views about government aid to the poor among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who say government aid to the poor…

Interpreting scripture Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 43% 48% 5% 5% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 45% 48% 3% 3% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 43% 42% 8% 7% 138
Not the word of God 38% 55% 4% 3% 693
Other/don't know 38% 46% 8% 7% 303

Views about abortion among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who say abortion should be…

Interpreting scripture Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 31% 61% 8% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 48% 47% 5% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 40% 42% 18% 138
Not the word of God 70% 25% 6% 693
Other/don't know 57% 29% 14% 303

Views about homosexuality among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who say homosexuality…

Interpreting scripture Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 28% 62% 4% 6% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 54% 36% 4% 6% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 33% 48% 8% 10% 138
Not the word of God 75% 17% 6% 2% 693
Other/don't know 54% 27% 10% 10% 303

Views about same-sex marriage among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who …same-sex marriage

Interpreting scripture Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 18% 71% 11% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 43% 45% 12% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 21% 53% 25% 138
Not the word of God 63% 28% 9% 693
Other/don't know 42% 36% 22% 303

Views about environmental regulation among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who say…

Interpreting scripture Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 42% 44% 3% 10% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 42% 52% 2% 4% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 38% 35% 9% 18% 138
Not the word of God 32% 62% 3% 3% 693
Other/don't know 32% 44% 8% 17% 303

Views about human evolution among widowed adults by interpretation of scripture

% of widowed adults who say humans…

Interpreting scripture Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 10% 15% 4% 60% 11% 1,234
Word of God; not everything taken literally 18% 32% 4% 40% 6% 850
Word of God; other/don't know 4% 18% 5% 46% 27% 138
Not the word of God 48% 19% 5% 22% 6% 693
Other/don't know 25% 24% 11% 22% 17% 303