Interpreting scripture among non-parents

% of non-parents who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 26,567. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 30% 26% 3% 35% 7% 26,567
2007 32% 26% 4% 29% 10% 24,726

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

Interpreting scripture among non-parents by religious group

% of non-parents who say the holy scripture is…

Religious tradition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 217. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 5% 10% < 1% 71% 13% 217
Catholic 24% 36% 3% 29% 8% 5,411
Evangelical Protestant 56% 28% 4% 8% 4% 6,385
Hindu 11% 17% < 1% 62% 9% 115
Historically Black Protestant 61% 22% 3% 8% 6% 1,421
Jehovah's Witness 48% 40% 7% 2% 3% 182
Jewish 10% 22% 2% 57% 9% 661
Mainline Protestant 24% 35% 3% 28% 10% 4,844
Mormon 33% 52% 5% 7% 3% 419
Muslim 41% 32% 10% 11% 6% 147
Orthodox Christian 18% 40% 2% 28% 12% 137
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 9% 10% 1% 74% 7% 5,788

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who are ages…

Interpreting scripture 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 7,187. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 14% 19% 37% 30% 7,187
Word of God; not everything taken literally 27% 18% 31% 25% 6,912
Word of God; other/don't know 13% 14% 36% 37% 728
Not the word of God 33% 23% 27% 17% 9,248
Other/don't know 19% 21% 32% 28% 1,946

Generational cohort among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who are…

Interpreting scripture Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 7,187. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 10% 6% 17% 44% 20% 2% 7,187
Word of God; not everything taken literally 21% 9% 15% 38% 16% 1% 6,912
Word of God; other/don't know 10% 4% 13% 44% 26% 3% 728
Not the word of God 22% 17% 17% 32% 10% 1% 9,248
Other/don't know 12% 11% 17% 40% 18% 2% 1,946

Gender composition among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who are…

Interpreting scripture Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 45% 55% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 47% 53% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 42% 58% 763
Not the word of God 58% 42% 9,385
Other/don't know 51% 49% 2,035

Racial and ethnic composition among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who identify as…

Interpreting scripture White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 7,250. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 60% 20% 2% 15% 3% 7,250
Word of God; not everything taken literally 73% 10% 3% 11% 4% 6,961
Word of God; other/don't know 68% 9% 3% 14% 6% 737
Not the word of God 74% 5% 6% 12% 4% 9,245
Other/don't know 69% 10% 4% 12% 4% 1,971

Immigrant status among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who are…

Interpreting scripture Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 7,228. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 13% 8% 79% 7,228
Word of God; not everything taken literally 10% 11% 79% 6,964
Word of God; other/don't know 17% 7% 76% 748
Not the word of God 12% 14% 73% 9,289
Other/don't know 12% 11% 78% 1,988

Income distribution among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who have a household income of…

Interpreting scripture Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 6,113. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 48% 22% 21% 10% 6,113
Word of God; not everything taken literally 32% 22% 28% 18% 6,080
Word of God; other/don't know 42% 20% 24% 13% 563
Not the word of God 27% 20% 29% 23% 8,376
Other/don't know 41% 21% 23% 16% 1,577

Educational distribution among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who have completed…

Interpreting scripture High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 7,301. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 58% 28% 9% 4% 7,301
Word of God; not everything taken literally 40% 33% 17% 10% 7,012
Word of God; other/don't know 46% 32% 13% 9% 750
Not the word of God 32% 32% 22% 15% 9,346
Other/don't know 38% 36% 15% 11% 2,012

Marital status among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who are…

Interpreting scripture Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 7,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 46% 4% 16% 12% 22% 7,316
Word of God; not everything taken literally 42% 5% 12% 8% 32% 7,012
Word of God; other/don't know 48% 3% 14% 15% 20% 757
Not the word of God 35% 11% 12% 5% 37% 9,346
Other/don't know 39% 8% 15% 11% 28% 1,999

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who say they…

Interpreting scripture Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 89% 9% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 76% 21% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 85% 10% 1% 3% 1% 1% 763
Not the word of God 26% 27% 13% 1% 28% 5% 9,385
Other/don't know 59% 23% 5% 2% 5% 6% 2,035

Importance of religion in one's life among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who say religion is…

Interpreting scripture Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 84% 12% 2% 1% < 1% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 60% 32% 6% 2% < 1% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 81% 15% 1% 1% 2% 763
Not the word of God 16% 29% 25% 30% 1% 9,385
Other/don't know 48% 30% 12% 8% 3% 2,035

Attendance at religious services among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who attend religious services…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 60% 26% 14% 1% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 41% 39% 19% < 1% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 54% 28% 17% 1% 763
Not the word of God 9% 32% 59% < 1% 9,385
Other/don't know 25% 38% 33% 3% 2,035

Frequency of prayer among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who pray…

Interpreting scripture At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 80% 12% 3% 5% 1% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 62% 21% 6% 10% 1% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 79% 11% 3% 4% 4% 763
Not the word of God 23% 14% 8% 54% 1% 9,385
Other/don't know 51% 16% 7% 21% 5% 2,035

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who attend prayer group…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 46% 12% 9% 32% 1% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 23% 11% 11% 55% < 1% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 39% 8% 7% 43% 2% 763
Not the word of God 4% 3% 4% 88% < 1% 9,385
Other/don't know 14% 8% 7% 67% 3% 2,035

Frequency of meditation among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who meditate…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 55% 7% 3% 33% 3% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 40% 8% 4% 46% 1% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 53% 5% 2% 35% 5% 763
Not the word of God 29% 11% 6% 54% 1% 9,385
Other/don't know 41% 10% 4% 42% 4% 2,035

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 76% 10% 5% 7% 1% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 60% 17% 10% 12% 1% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 72% 10% 7% 6% 5% 763
Not the word of God 41% 17% 12% 29% 1% 9,385
Other/don't know 55% 13% 9% 17% 5% 2,035

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 47% 14% 10% 27% 3% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 43% 18% 13% 25% 1% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 45% 10% 11% 25% 9% 763
Not the word of God 49% 16% 14% 21% 1% 9,385
Other/don't know 49% 12% 12% 23% 4% 2,035

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Interpreting scripture Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 59% 4% 30% 4% 2% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 37% 9% 46% 6% 2% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 51% 4% 32% 3% 10% 763
Not the word of God 6% 19% 57% 16% 2% 9,385
Other/don't know 22% 12% 51% 8% 7% 2,035

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who say…

Interpreting scripture There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 45% 52% 1% 2% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 35% 63% 1% < 1% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 41% 50% 4% 4% 763
Not the word of God 20% 78% 1% 1% 9,385
Other/don't know 27% 66% 4% 2% 2,035

Frequency of reading scripture among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who read scripture…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 63% 11% 6% 19% 1% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 36% 14% 11% 39% < 1% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 57% 10% 7% 22% 3% 763
Not the word of God 8% 6% 8% 78% < 1% 9,385
Other/don't know 27% 11% 9% 50% 3% 2,035

Belief in Heaven among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who …in heaven

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 91% 5% 4% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 88% 7% 5% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 82% 6% 12% 763
Not the word of God 39% 52% 9% 9,385
Other/don't know 64% 15% 21% 2,035

Belief in Hell among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who …in hell

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 82% 12% 6% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 69% 24% 7% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 69% 14% 17% 763
Not the word of God 25% 67% 8% 9,385
Other/don't know 45% 33% 23% 2,035

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who identify as…

Interpreting scripture Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 45% 17% 39% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 46% 15% 39% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 43% 27% 30% 763
Not the word of God 25% 17% 58% 9,385
Other/don't know 30% 28% 43% 2,035

Political ideology among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who are…

Interpreting scripture Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 53% 25% 14% 7% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 39% 38% 18% 5% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 46% 25% 12% 16% 763
Not the word of God 18% 36% 41% 5% 9,385
Other/don't know 28% 36% 23% 14% 2,035

Views about size of government among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who would rather have…

Interpreting scripture Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 51% 44% 2% 3% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 59% 36% 2% 3% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 52% 30% 7% 10% 763
Not the word of God 49% 44% 3% 4% 9,385
Other/don't know 48% 33% 9% 10% 2,035

Views about government aid to the poor among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who say government aid to the poor…

Interpreting scripture Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 50% 44% 3% 2% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 49% 46% 3% 1% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 47% 35% 9% 9% 763
Not the word of God 35% 60% 3% 2% 9,385
Other/don't know 38% 47% 9% 6% 2,035

Views about abortion among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who say abortion should be…

Interpreting scripture Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 32% 63% 5% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 50% 47% 3% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 31% 53% 15% 763
Not the word of God 80% 17% 3% 9,385
Other/don't know 56% 30% 14% 2,035

Views about homosexuality among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who say homosexuality…

Interpreting scripture Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 35% 57% 4% 4% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 63% 30% 4% 3% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 35% 45% 10% 10% 763
Not the word of God 86% 10% 2% 2% 9,385
Other/don't know 63% 22% 8% 8% 2,035

Views about same-sex marriage among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who …same-sex marriage

Interpreting scripture Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 25% 68% 8% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 52% 40% 7% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 27% 55% 19% 763
Not the word of God 81% 14% 5% 9,385
Other/don't know 55% 28% 16% 2,035

Views about environmental regulation among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who say…

Interpreting scripture Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 49% 44% 3% 5% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 40% 56% 2% 2% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 40% 41% 6% 13% 763
Not the word of God 26% 70% 2% 2% 9,385
Other/don't know 33% 54% 6% 8% 2,035

Views about human evolution among non-parents by interpretation of scripture

% of non-parents who say humans…

Interpreting scripture Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,352. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 11% 22% 3% 59% 6% 7,352
Word of God; not everything taken literally 20% 38% 3% 35% 3% 7,032
Word of God; other/don't know 7% 21% 6% 47% 19% 763
Not the word of God 66% 17% 5% 11% 2% 9,385
Other/don't know 28% 28% 13% 22% 10% 2,035