Interpreting scripture among independents and those who don't lean to either party

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,658. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 31% 23% 4% 32% 11% 5,658
2007 31% 23% 5% 26% 14% 5,770

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

Interpreting scripture among independents and those who don't lean to either party by religious group

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say the holy scripture is…

Religious tradition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 32% 29% 5% 24% 10% 1,158
Evangelical Protestant 54% 25% 5% 9% 7% 1,230
Historically Black Protestant 52% 24% 5% 8% 11% 184
Jehovah's Witness 44% 40% 8% 2% 5% 188
Mainline Protestant 25% 29% 6% 26% 14% 822
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 13% 13% 2% 60% 11% 1,474

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are ages…

Interpreting scripture 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 18% 41% 25% 16% 1,546
Word of God; not everything taken literally 25% 38% 23% 14% 1,259
Word of God; other/don't know 15% 32% 32% 21% 230
Not the word of God 34% 38% 20% 9% 1,738
Other/don't know 24% 39% 23% 15% 611

Generational cohort among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

Interpreting scripture Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,546. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 10% 16% 33% 29% 10% 1% 1,546
Word of God; not everything taken literally 16% 17% 30% 28% 8% 1% 1,259
Word of God; other/don't know 9% 11% 28% 36% 16% 1% 230
Not the word of God 20% 22% 30% 23% 5% < 1% 1,738
Other/don't know 13% 19% 30% 28% 9% 1% 611

Gender composition among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

Interpreting scripture Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 39% 61% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 45% 55% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 37% 63% 251
Not the word of God 60% 40% 1,798
Other/don't know 55% 45% 676

Racial and ethnic composition among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who identify as…

Interpreting scripture White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,580. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 47% 12% 4% 33% 5% 1,580
Word of God; not everything taken literally 63% 8% 3% 20% 6% 1,295
Word of God; other/don't know 55% 11% 3% 25% 6% 231
Not the word of God 65% 5% 7% 19% 5% 1,736
Other/don't know 60% 9% 7% 18% 6% 627

Immigrant status among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

Interpreting scripture Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,557. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 34% 6% 60% 1,557
Word of God; not everything taken literally 19% 11% 70% 1,284
Word of God; other/don't know 26% 5% 69% 237
Not the word of God 19% 11% 70% 1,752
Other/don't know 20% 9% 71% 639

Income distribution among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who have a household income of…

Interpreting scripture Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,178. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 60% 20% 14% 6% 1,178
Word of God; not everything taken literally 42% 24% 23% 11% 1,045
Word of God; other/don't know 49% 19% 23% 8% 171
Not the word of God 42% 18% 24% 16% 1,486
Other/don't know 52% 17% 19% 12% 461

Educational distribution among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who have completed…

Interpreting scripture High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,587. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 63% 26% 7% 4% 1,587
Word of God; not everything taken literally 50% 30% 13% 7% 1,297
Word of God; other/don't know 54% 29% 11% 6% 243
Not the word of God 44% 33% 15% 9% 1,776
Other/don't know 43% 36% 13% 8% 657

Marital status among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

Interpreting scripture Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,604. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 49% 8% 16% 8% 18% 1,604
Word of God; not everything taken literally 47% 7% 14% 5% 26% 1,303
Word of God; other/don't know 52% 2% 15% 10% 22% 241
Not the word of God 37% 12% 14% 4% 33% 1,778
Other/don't know 41% 10% 15% 6% 27% 650

Parent of children under 18 among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

Interpreting scripture Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,606. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 37% 63% 1,606
Word of God; not everything taken literally 33% 67% 1,302
Word of God; other/don't know 31% 69% 243
Not the word of God 30% 70% 1,793
Other/don't know 29% 71% 663

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say they…

Interpreting scripture Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 83% 14% 1% 1% < 1% 1% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 72% 22% 3% < 1% 1% 1% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 82% 10% 1% 4% 1% 2% 251
Not the word of God 32% 27% 11% 1% 24% 5% 1,798
Other/don't know 58% 19% 5% 3% 5% 9% 676

Importance of religion in one's life among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say religion is…

Interpreting scripture Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 81% 14% 2% 2% 1% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 58% 33% 6% 3% 1% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 78% 18% 1% 2% 1% 251
Not the word of God 18% 29% 22% 30% 1% 1,798
Other/don't know 42% 32% 13% 9% 4% 676

Attendance at religious services among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who attend religious services…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 55% 28% 15% 1% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 39% 36% 25% 1% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 47% 30% 20% 3% 251
Not the word of God 10% 28% 61% 1% 1,798
Other/don't know 20% 37% 38% 5% 676

Frequency of prayer among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who pray…

Interpreting scripture At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 76% 13% 3% 6% 1% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 61% 18% 7% 13% 1% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 75% 8% 5% 7% 5% 251
Not the word of God 26% 13% 8% 52% 1% 1,798
Other/don't know 46% 14% 8% 26% 6% 676

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who attend prayer group…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 45% 12% 8% 34% 2% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 27% 8% 10% 54% 1% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 39% 7% 11% 40% 4% 251
Not the word of God 6% 5% 5% 84% < 1% 1,798
Other/don't know 13% 8% 8% 66% 5% 676

Frequency of meditation among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who meditate…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 53% 6% 3% 35% 4% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 39% 8% 3% 47% 2% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 57% 4% 2% 30% 6% 251
Not the word of God 32% 9% 5% 54% 2% 1,798
Other/don't know 41% 8% 5% 40% 6% 676

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 74% 10% 5% 9% 3% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 58% 16% 9% 15% 2% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 67% 10% 10% 7% 6% 251
Not the word of God 44% 13% 11% 30% 2% 1,798
Other/don't know 53% 12% 7% 20% 8% 676

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 49% 11% 10% 26% 4% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 43% 14% 13% 28% 1% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 42% 8% 8% 31% 11% 251
Not the word of God 48% 14% 12% 26% 1% 1,798
Other/don't know 46% 12% 11% 26% 5% 676

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Interpreting scripture Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 57% 5% 30% 5% 3% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 37% 7% 46% 6% 4% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 44% 5% 36% 2% 13% 251
Not the word of God 7% 15% 60% 15% 3% 1,798
Other/don't know 18% 12% 53% 8% 9% 676

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say…

Interpreting scripture There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 36% 59% 2% 3% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 34% 64% 2% < 1% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 39% 50% 5% 6% 251
Not the word of God 21% 76% 2% 1% 1,798
Other/don't know 22% 70% 5% 3% 676

Frequency of reading scripture among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who read scripture…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 60% 10% 6% 23% 2% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 39% 11% 9% 39% 1% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 56% 9% 5% 27% 3% 251
Not the word of God 10% 7% 7% 76% 1% 1,798
Other/don't know 24% 10% 8% 53% 5% 676

Belief in Heaven among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who …in heaven

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 88% 6% 6% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 83% 11% 7% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 76% 8% 16% 251
Not the word of God 41% 46% 12% 1,798
Other/don't know 59% 17% 24% 676

Belief in Hell among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who …in hell

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 73% 19% 8% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 62% 30% 8% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 60% 21% 19% 251
Not the word of God 28% 61% 10% 1,798
Other/don't know 45% 30% 25% 676

SocialandPoliticalViews

Political ideology among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

Interpreting scripture Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 36% 23% 17% 24% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 25% 38% 18% 19% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 26% 24% 15% 35% 251
Not the word of God 16% 40% 25% 18% 1,798
Other/don't know 18% 34% 19% 30% 676

Views about size of government among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who would rather have…

Interpreting scripture Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 36% 55% 4% 5% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 49% 42% 4% 6% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 38% 38% 7% 17% 251
Not the word of God 56% 33% 5% 5% 1,798
Other/don't know 42% 33% 10% 16% 676

Views about government aid to the poor among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say government aid to the poor…

Interpreting scripture Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 41% 49% 6% 4% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 44% 49% 4% 3% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 36% 42% 11% 11% 251
Not the word of God 41% 50% 6% 3% 1,798
Other/don't know 39% 39% 12% 10% 676

Views about abortion among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say abortion should be…

Interpreting scripture Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 30% 63% 7% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 44% 50% 5% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 31% 53% 16% 251
Not the word of God 68% 26% 6% 1,798
Other/don't know 51% 30% 19% 676

Views about homosexuality among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say homosexuality…

Interpreting scripture Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 40% 47% 6% 7% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 60% 28% 6% 5% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 40% 35% 11% 14% 251
Not the word of God 79% 13% 5% 4% 1,798
Other/don't know 59% 19% 11% 11% 676

Views about same-sex marriage among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who …same-sex marriage

Interpreting scripture Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 28% 58% 14% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 52% 36% 12% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 27% 42% 31% 251
Not the word of God 74% 16% 10% 1,798
Other/don't know 52% 26% 23% 676

Views about environmental regulation among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say…

Interpreting scripture Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 41% 48% 3% 8% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 35% 59% 3% 3% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 35% 37% 6% 21% 251
Not the word of God 31% 61% 4% 4% 1,798
Other/don't know 31% 48% 9% 12% 676

Views about human evolution among independents and those who don't lean to either party by interpretation of scripture

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say humans…

Interpreting scripture Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,619. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 15% 22% 3% 52% 8% 1,619
Word of God; not everything taken literally 20% 32% 4% 38% 6% 1,314
Word of God; other/don't know 8% 18% 8% 49% 16% 251
Not the word of God 56% 18% 7% 15% 4% 1,798
Other/don't know 24% 23% 15% 23% 16% 676