Interpreting scripture among republicans and Republican leaners

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 13,731. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 36% 33% 3% 22% 6% 13,731
2007 38% 32% 4% 19% 7% 13,366

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

Interpreting scripture among republicans and Republican leaners by religious group

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say the holy scripture is…

Religious tradition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 23% 44% 2% 24% 7% 2,926
Evangelical Protestant 59% 29% 4% 5% 3% 5,056
Historically Black Protestant 62% 26% 2% 8% 2% 175
Jewish 22% 36% 3% 30% 9% 200
Mainline Protestant 27% 42% 3% 21% 7% 2,750
Mormon 30% 59% 5% 3% 3% 481
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 10% 14% 1% 67% 7% 1,734

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are ages…

Interpreting scripture 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 4,677. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 13% 32% 31% 23% 4,677
Word of God; not everything taken literally 23% 33% 26% 18% 4,599
Word of God; other/don't know 12% 28% 30% 30% 440
Not the word of God 24% 36% 25% 15% 2,989
Other/don't know 17% 30% 29% 24% 798

Generational cohort among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are…

Interpreting scripture Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 4,677. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 9% 9% 28% 37% 16% 2% 4,677
Word of God; not everything taken literally 15% 13% 28% 31% 12% 1% 4,599
Word of God; other/don't know 7% 7% 26% 38% 20% 3% 440
Not the word of God 16% 16% 28% 30% 10% 1% 2,989
Other/don't know 7% 15% 24% 36% 15% 2% 798

Gender composition among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are…

Interpreting scripture Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 48% 52% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 52% 48% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 44% 56% 459
Not the word of God 65% 35% 3,024
Other/don't know 55% 45% 823

Racial and ethnic composition among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who identify as…

Interpreting scripture White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 4,714. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 81% 5% 2% 10% 2% 4,714
Word of God; not everything taken literally 86% 2% 2% 7% 3% 4,613
Word of God; other/don't know 89% 1% 1% 7% 3% 449
Not the word of God 80% 2% 5% 10% 3% 2,978
Other/don't know 82% 2% 4% 8% 4% 803

Immigrant status among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are…

Interpreting scripture Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 4,716. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 8% 7% 85% 4,716
Word of God; not everything taken literally 7% 8% 84% 4,634
Word of God; other/don't know 7% 7% 85% 454
Not the word of God 11% 11% 77% 3,008
Other/don't know 10% 8% 82% 812

Income distribution among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who have a household income of…

Interpreting scripture Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 4,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 32% 23% 30% 16% 4,122
Word of God; not everything taken literally 20% 20% 34% 26% 4,126
Word of God; other/don't know 25% 19% 34% 22% 358
Not the word of God 20% 20% 31% 29% 2,744
Other/don't know 25% 22% 27% 26% 677

Educational distribution among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who have completed…

Interpreting scripture High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 4,745. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 47% 32% 15% 6% 4,745
Word of God; not everything taken literally 32% 35% 21% 12% 4,651
Word of God; other/don't know 35% 36% 19% 10% 456
Not the word of God 36% 32% 20% 12% 3,016
Other/don't know 33% 36% 20% 11% 812

Marital status among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are…

Interpreting scripture Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 4,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 62% 3% 12% 8% 16% 4,754
Word of God; not everything taken literally 59% 5% 9% 6% 21% 4,648
Word of God; other/don't know 69% 3% 8% 9% 12% 457
Not the word of God 50% 8% 11% 4% 26% 3,015
Other/don't know 54% 8% 12% 10% 16% 813

Parent of children under 18 among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are…

Interpreting scripture Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 4,751. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 30% 70% 4,751
Word of God; not everything taken literally 32% 68% 4,643
Word of God; other/don't know 27% 73% 457
Not the word of God 26% 74% 3,016
Other/don't know 26% 74% 818

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say they…

Interpreting scripture Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 93% 6% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 79% 18% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 89% 7% < 1% 2% < 1% 1% 459
Not the word of God 32% 33% 12% < 1% 18% 4% 3,024
Other/don't know 62% 24% 4% 2% 3% 5% 823

Importance of religion in one's life among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say religion is…

Interpreting scripture Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 87% 11% 1% 1% < 1% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 64% 30% 5% 1% < 1% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 86% 10% 2% 1% 2% 459
Not the word of God 18% 34% 25% 22% 1% 3,024
Other/don't know 46% 34% 13% 6% 1% 823

Attendance at religious services among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who attend religious services…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 66% 24% 10% < 1% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 45% 39% 16% < 1% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 62% 23% 14% 1% 459
Not the word of God 10% 35% 55% < 1% 3,024
Other/don't know 27% 40% 32% 1% 823

Frequency of prayer among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who pray…

Interpreting scripture At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 83% 11% 2% 3% < 1% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 65% 21% 6% 8% < 1% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 84% 10% 2% 2% 2% 459
Not the word of God 26% 16% 9% 49% < 1% 3,024
Other/don't know 53% 18% 7% 19% 3% 823

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who attend prayer group…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 50% 13% 10% 27% < 1% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 26% 12% 12% 51% < 1% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 44% 10% 8% 37% 2% 459
Not the word of God 5% 3% 5% 87% < 1% 3,024
Other/don't know 16% 7% 9% 66% 2% 823

Frequency of meditation among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who meditate…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 51% 6% 3% 38% 2% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 37% 8% 4% 50% 1% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 45% 6% 3% 40% 5% 459
Not the word of God 26% 9% 4% 60% 1% 3,024
Other/don't know 39% 9% 4% 47% 2% 823

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 78% 11% 5% 5% 1% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 61% 19% 10% 9% 1% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 75% 10% 6% 5% 4% 459
Not the word of God 39% 17% 12% 32% 1% 3,024
Other/don't know 55% 14% 11% 17% 3% 823

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 47% 15% 10% 26% 2% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 43% 19% 15% 23% 1% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 41% 16% 12% 26% 5% 459
Not the word of God 42% 17% 15% 25% 1% 3,024
Other/don't know 44% 16% 14% 24% 2% 823

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Interpreting scripture Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 70% 3% 23% 3% 1% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 42% 8% 43% 4% 2% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 57% 5% 27% 2% 9% 459
Not the word of God 8% 15% 64% 12% 1% 3,024
Other/don't know 23% 9% 56% 6% 5% 823

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say…

Interpreting scripture There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 61% 37% 1% 1% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 46% 52% 1% < 1% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 54% 37% 6% 3% 459
Not the word of God 30% 69% 1% < 1% 3,024
Other/don't know 35% 60% 3% 2% 823

Frequency of reading scripture among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who read scripture…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 67% 11% 5% 16% 1% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 40% 14% 10% 36% < 1% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 64% 8% 7% 20% 1% 459
Not the word of God 9% 6% 8% 77% < 1% 3,024
Other/don't know 26% 12% 9% 51% 1% 823

Belief in Heaven among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who …in heaven

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 90% 5% 5% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 91% 5% 4% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 83% 4% 13% 459
Not the word of God 51% 41% 9% 3,024
Other/don't know 67% 12% 20% 823

Belief in Hell among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who …in hell

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 86% 9% 6% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 75% 19% 7% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 78% 10% 12% 459
Not the word of God 35% 58% 8% 3,024
Other/don't know 51% 28% 21% 823

SocialandPoliticalViews

Political ideology among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who are…

Interpreting scripture Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 74% 17% 7% 2% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 61% 32% 6% 1% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 72% 18% 1% 8% 459
Not the word of God 43% 43% 12% 2% 3,024
Other/don't know 53% 34% 9% 4% 823

Views about size of government among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who would rather have…

Interpreting scripture Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 73% 23% 1% 2% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 81% 17% 1% 1% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 76% 12% 5% 7% 459
Not the word of God 80% 17% 1% 1% 3,024
Other/don't know 77% 16% 3% 3% 823

Views about government aid to the poor among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say government aid to the poor…

Interpreting scripture Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 69% 27% 3% 2% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 70% 26% 3% 1% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 66% 19% 8% 6% 459
Not the word of God 69% 27% 3% 1% 3,024
Other/don't know 60% 27% 9% 4% 823

Views about abortion among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say abortion should be…

Interpreting scripture Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 22% 75% 3% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 36% 62% 2% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 18% 71% 11% 459
Not the word of God 68% 29% 3% 3,024
Other/don't know 48% 41% 11% 823

Views about homosexuality among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say homosexuality…

Interpreting scripture Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 26% 68% 3% 3% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 54% 39% 4% 3% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 25% 58% 9% 9% 459
Not the word of God 77% 17% 3% 2% 3,024
Other/don't know 54% 30% 10% 6% 823

Views about same-sex marriage among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who …same-sex marriage

Interpreting scripture Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 17% 78% 5% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 40% 53% 7% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 18% 71% 11% 459
Not the word of God 67% 26% 7% 3,024
Other/don't know 46% 38% 16% 823

Views about environmental regulation among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say…

Interpreting scripture Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 60% 35% 2% 3% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 55% 42% 2% 2% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 56% 30% 9% 6% 459
Not the word of God 51% 45% 2% 2% 3,024
Other/don't know 54% 35% 5% 7% 823

Views about human evolution among republicans and Republican leaners by interpretation of scripture

% of republicans and Republican leaners who say humans…

Interpreting scripture Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 7% 19% 1% 68% 4% 4,765
Word of God; not everything taken literally 16% 38% 3% 39% 4% 4,660
Word of God; other/don't know 7% 16% 3% 57% 17% 459
Not the word of God 57% 23% 4% 15% 2% 3,024
Other/don't know 25% 30% 11% 23% 10% 823