Interpreting scripture among conservatives

% of conservatives who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 45% 30% 3% 17% 6% 12,935
2007 46% 28% 4% 15% 7% 13,598

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

Interpreting scripture among conservatives by religious group

% of conservatives who say the holy scripture is…

Religious tradition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 31% 41% 3% 17% 7% 2,780
Evangelical Protestant 64% 25% 4% 4% 3% 4,975
Historically Black Protestant 67% 19% 3% 6% 5% 653
Jewish 27% 39% 5% 21% 7% 167
Mainline Protestant 34% 37% 3% 19% 7% 2,269
Mormon 32% 58% 5% 3% 2% 419
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 17% 14% 1% 58% 9% 1,277

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who are ages…

Interpreting scripture 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 5,438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 12% 33% 32% 24% 5,438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 19% 33% 28% 20% 3,990
Word of God; other/don't know 11% 31% 29% 29% 461
Not the word of God 23% 31% 27% 18% 2,072
Other/don't know 12% 32% 29% 27% 718

Generational cohort among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who are…

Interpreting scripture Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 5,438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 7% 9% 28% 38% 16% 2% 5,438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 12% 12% 27% 34% 14% 1% 3,990
Word of God; other/don't know 7% 5% 29% 37% 19% 2% 461
Not the word of God 16% 13% 26% 33% 12% 1% 2,072
Other/don't know 6% 11% 27% 36% 17% 3% 718

Gender composition among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who are…

Interpreting scripture Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 46% 54% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 51% 49% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 49% 51% 482
Not the word of God 66% 34% 2,107
Other/don't know 55% 45% 738

Racial and ethnic composition among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who identify as…

Interpreting scripture White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 5,490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 67% 14% 2% 14% 3% 5,490
Word of God; not everything taken literally 79% 6% 2% 10% 3% 4,005
Word of God; other/don't know 76% 7% 2% 12% 3% 466
Not the word of God 73% 6% 4% 13% 3% 2,066
Other/don't know 66% 10% 4% 15% 4% 716

Immigrant status among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who are…

Interpreting scripture Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 5,503. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 13% 7% 80% 5,503
Word of God; not everything taken literally 10% 8% 82% 4,028
Word of God; other/don't know 12% 9% 79% 473
Not the word of God 12% 12% 76% 2,088
Other/don't know 17% 8% 75% 725

Income distribution among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who have a household income of…

Interpreting scripture Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 4,757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 38% 22% 27% 13% 4,757
Word of God; not everything taken literally 24% 20% 32% 23% 3,554
Word of God; other/don't know 33% 20% 29% 19% 376
Not the word of God 28% 20% 30% 22% 1,886
Other/don't know 36% 21% 23% 21% 589

Educational distribution among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who have completed…

Interpreting scripture High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 5,532. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 51% 30% 13% 6% 5,532
Word of God; not everything taken literally 34% 36% 20% 10% 4,044
Word of God; other/don't know 40% 34% 17% 9% 476
Not the word of God 44% 31% 16% 8% 2,100
Other/don't know 45% 32% 15% 8% 734

Marital status among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who are…

Interpreting scripture Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 5,538. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 58% 4% 13% 9% 16% 5,538
Word of God; not everything taken literally 60% 4% 11% 6% 19% 4,041
Word of God; other/don't know 64% 5% 9% 8% 14% 477
Not the word of God 48% 10% 13% 5% 24% 2,096
Other/don't know 52% 6% 14% 9% 19% 727

Parent of children under 18 among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who are…

Interpreting scripture Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 5,538. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 30% 70% 5,538
Word of God; not everything taken literally 32% 68% 4,035
Word of God; other/don't know 29% 71% 478
Not the word of God 26% 74% 2,102
Other/don't know 28% 72% 734

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who say they…

Interpreting scripture Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 92% 7% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 81% 16% 2% < 1% < 1% < 1% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 88% 8% < 1% 2% < 1% 1% 482
Not the word of God 37% 30% 10% 1% 18% 4% 2,107
Other/don't know 66% 20% 5% 2% 3% 4% 738

Importance of religion in one's life among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who say religion is…

Interpreting scripture Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 89% 10% 1% 1% < 1% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 69% 26% 4% 1% < 1% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 83% 13% 1% 1% 2% 482
Not the word of God 23% 34% 22% 21% 1% 2,107
Other/don't know 54% 30% 11% 4% 1% 738

Attendance at religious services among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who attend religious services…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 66% 23% 10% < 1% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 48% 37% 14% < 1% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 61% 25% 12% 2% 482
Not the word of God 12% 35% 52% < 1% 2,107
Other/don't know 31% 37% 31% 1% 738

Frequency of prayer among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who pray…

Interpreting scripture At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 84% 10% 2% 3% < 1% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 69% 19% 5% 7% < 1% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 83% 10% 3% 3% 2% 482
Not the word of God 30% 17% 8% 44% 1% 2,107
Other/don't know 59% 13% 6% 18% 4% 738

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who attend prayer group…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 51% 13% 9% 26% 1% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 30% 11% 11% 47% < 1% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 43% 11% 7% 37% 1% 482
Not the word of God 7% 4% 6% 83% < 1% 2,107
Other/don't know 20% 7% 8% 62% 3% 738

Frequency of meditation among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who meditate…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 54% 6% 2% 35% 2% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 41% 8% 4% 47% 1% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 53% 6% 3% 34% 4% 482
Not the word of God 29% 8% 3% 58% 1% 2,107
Other/don't know 39% 10% 3% 44% 4% 738

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 80% 10% 5% 5% 1% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 64% 17% 8% 10% 1% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 77% 9% 7% 5% 3% 482
Not the word of God 41% 17% 12% 29% 1% 2,107
Other/don't know 58% 12% 8% 18% 4% 738

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 49% 15% 10% 25% 2% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 43% 18% 13% 25% 1% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 46% 14% 11% 23% 5% 482
Not the word of God 43% 16% 14% 27% < 1% 2,107
Other/don't know 43% 13% 11% 30% 3% 738

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Interpreting scripture Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 68% 3% 23% 4% 1% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 47% 6% 40% 4% 2% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 54% 3% 29% 4% 9% 482
Not the word of God 10% 13% 63% 13% 1% 2,107
Other/don't know 28% 8% 52% 6% 6% 738

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who say…

Interpreting scripture There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 56% 41% 1% 1% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 48% 50% 1% 1% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 52% 38% 7% 3% 482
Not the word of God 31% 66% 1% 1% 2,107
Other/don't know 37% 58% 4% 2% 738

Frequency of reading scripture among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who read scripture…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 69% 10% 6% 15% 1% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 44% 13% 10% 32% 1% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 62% 12% 6% 19% 2% 482
Not the word of God 12% 8% 8% 71% < 1% 2,107
Other/don't know 30% 11% 10% 47% 2% 738

Belief in Heaven among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who …in heaven

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 90% 4% 6% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 90% 5% 4% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 82% 5% 13% 482
Not the word of God 53% 38% 9% 2,107
Other/don't know 68% 10% 22% 738

Belief in Hell among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who …in hell

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 85% 9% 6% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 75% 18% 7% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 78% 10% 13% 482
Not the word of God 38% 54% 9% 2,107
Other/don't know 53% 25% 22% 738

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who identify as…

Interpreting scripture Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 62% 13% 26% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 70% 10% 20% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 65% 16% 19% 482
Not the word of God 60% 16% 24% 2,107
Other/don't know 55% 18% 27% 738

Views about size of government among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who would rather have…

Interpreting scripture Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 64% 32% 2% 2% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 76% 21% 1% 1% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 69% 20% 3% 8% 482
Not the word of God 73% 24% 1% 2% 2,107
Other/don't know 62% 26% 5% 6% 738

Views about government aid to the poor among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who say government aid to the poor…

Interpreting scripture Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 61% 35% 3% 2% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 68% 28% 3% 1% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 61% 24% 8% 6% 482
Not the word of God 63% 32% 4% 1% 2,107
Other/don't know 58% 30% 9% 4% 738

Views about abortion among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who say abortion should be…

Interpreting scripture Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 24% 72% 3% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 32% 65% 3% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 22% 65% 13% 482
Not the word of God 62% 34% 4% 2,107
Other/don't know 41% 45% 14% 738

Views about homosexuality among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who say homosexuality…

Interpreting scripture Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 28% 65% 4% 3% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 47% 45% 5% 4% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 27% 55% 8% 10% 482
Not the word of God 70% 23% 4% 3% 2,107
Other/don't know 48% 35% 10% 7% 738

Views about same-sex marriage among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who …same-sex marriage

Interpreting scripture Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 18% 76% 6% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 33% 59% 8% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 18% 66% 15% 482
Not the word of God 59% 33% 8% 2,107
Other/don't know 37% 46% 17% 738

Views about environmental regulation among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who say…

Interpreting scripture Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 56% 38% 2% 3% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 56% 41% 2% 2% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 54% 33% 7% 6% 482
Not the word of God 52% 44% 2% 2% 2,107
Other/don't know 51% 36% 6% 7% 738

Views about human evolution among conservatives by interpretation of scripture

% of conservatives who say humans…

Interpreting scripture Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 9% 19% 2% 65% 5% 5,555
Word of God; not everything taken literally 15% 35% 3% 44% 4% 4,053
Word of God; other/don't know 5% 20% 2% 55% 17% 482
Not the word of God 49% 24% 4% 20% 3% 2,107
Other/don't know 21% 26% 12% 31% 11% 738