Interpreting scripture among whites

% of whites who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,900. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 26% 28% 3% 36% 7% 24,900
2007 29% 29% 3% 31% 9% 27,309

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

Interpreting scripture among whites by religious group

% of whites who say the holy scripture is…

Religious tradition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 141. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 2% 5% < 1% 84% 9% 141
Catholic 17% 42% 3% 30% 8% 4,827
Evangelical Protestant 54% 30% 4% 8% 4% 6,633
Jewish 9% 23% 2% 58% 8% 782
Mainline Protestant 23% 36% 3% 29% 9% 5,322
Mormon 29% 57% 5% 5% 4% 575
Orthodox Christian 18% 38% 2% 30% 11% 153
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 6% 10% 1% 77% 7% 5,490

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who are ages…

Interpreting scripture 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 5,942. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 11% 29% 32% 28% 5,942
Word of God; not everything taken literally 19% 32% 28% 21% 7,015
Word of God; other/don't know 11% 26% 31% 33% 634
Not the word of God 25% 34% 25% 16% 9,156
Other/don't know 14% 30% 30% 26% 1,723

Generational cohort among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who are…

Interpreting scripture Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 5,942. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 7% 8% 25% 39% 19% 2% 5,942
Word of God; not everything taken literally 13% 12% 26% 34% 14% 1% 7,015
Word of God; other/don't know 7% 7% 23% 37% 23% 3% 634
Not the word of God 15% 17% 27% 31% 10% 1% 9,156
Other/don't know 7% 12% 25% 37% 17% 3% 1,723

Gender composition among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who are…

Interpreting scripture Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 43% 57% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 46% 54% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 42% 58% 661
Not the word of God 56% 44% 9,276
Other/don't know 50% 50% 1,781

Immigrant status among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who are…

Interpreting scripture Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 5,992. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 3% 6% 92% 5,992
Word of God; not everything taken literally 4% 7% 89% 7,082
Word of God; other/don't know 6% 6% 89% 650
Not the word of God 6% 9% 85% 9,214
Other/don't know 4% 7% 89% 1,757

Income distribution among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who have a household income of…

Interpreting scripture Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 5,158. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 35% 23% 28% 13% 5,158
Word of God; not everything taken literally 25% 21% 32% 22% 6,287
Word of God; other/don't know 35% 17% 30% 18% 506
Not the word of God 23% 18% 31% 29% 8,419
Other/don't know 34% 19% 26% 21% 1,417

Educational distribution among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who have completed…

Interpreting scripture High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 6,030. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 51% 31% 12% 5% 6,030
Word of God; not everything taken literally 35% 33% 19% 12% 7,105
Word of God; other/don't know 41% 35% 16% 8% 653
Not the word of God 27% 31% 24% 17% 9,247
Other/don't know 36% 35% 16% 13% 1,768

Marital status among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who are…

Interpreting scripture Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 6,037. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 60% 3% 13% 11% 13% 6,037
Word of God; not everything taken literally 57% 5% 12% 7% 20% 7,107
Word of God; other/don't know 61% 3% 11% 13% 12% 655
Not the word of God 47% 11% 12% 4% 26% 9,247
Other/don't know 49% 9% 13% 11% 18% 1,758

Parent of children under 18 among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who are…

Interpreting scripture Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 6,042. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 26% 74% 6,042
Word of God; not everything taken literally 29% 71% 7,100
Word of God; other/don't know 24% 76% 655
Not the word of God 24% 76% 9,259
Other/don't know 23% 77% 1,776

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who say they…

Interpreting scripture Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 93% 5% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 76% 21% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 88% 8% < 1% 2% < 1% 1% 661
Not the word of God 24% 29% 12% 1% 29% 5% 9,276
Other/don't know 56% 25% 5% 2% 4% 7% 1,781

Importance of religion in one's life among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who say religion is…

Interpreting scripture Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 84% 13% 2% 1% < 1% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 59% 33% 6% 1% < 1% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 81% 14% 2% 1% 2% 661
Not the word of God 14% 28% 26% 32% 1% 9,276
Other/don't know 44% 33% 14% 8% 2% 1,781

Attendance at religious services among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who attend religious services…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 61% 25% 13% 1% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 41% 39% 19% < 1% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 55% 28% 16% 1% 661
Not the word of God 8% 31% 61% < 1% 9,276
Other/don't know 24% 39% 36% 2% 1,781

Frequency of prayer among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who pray…

Interpreting scripture At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 82% 11% 2% 4% 1% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 62% 22% 6% 9% < 1% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 80% 12% 3% 3% 2% 661
Not the word of God 21% 15% 8% 56% 1% 9,276
Other/don't know 48% 18% 7% 23% 4% 1,781

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who attend prayer group…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 46% 12% 9% 33% 1% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 23% 10% 11% 56% < 1% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 38% 8% 8% 44% 2% 661
Not the word of God 4% 3% 4% 89% < 1% 9,276
Other/don't know 13% 7% 8% 70% 2% 1,781

Frequency of meditation among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who meditate…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 48% 6% 3% 41% 2% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 35% 8% 4% 52% 1% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 44% 7% 3% 41% 5% 661
Not the word of God 27% 10% 5% 56% 1% 9,276
Other/don't know 39% 8% 4% 46% 3% 1,781

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 77% 10% 5% 7% 1% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 59% 18% 11% 12% 1% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 73% 9% 7% 7% 5% 661
Not the word of God 39% 17% 12% 30% 1% 9,276
Other/don't know 51% 14% 11% 20% 5% 1,781

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 44% 15% 11% 29% 2% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 42% 18% 14% 25% 1% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 41% 12% 11% 29% 7% 661
Not the word of God 47% 18% 14% 21% 1% 9,276
Other/don't know 45% 15% 13% 23% 3% 1,781

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Interpreting scripture Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 64% 3% 28% 2% 2% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 38% 8% 47% 5% 2% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 52% 4% 32% 2% 9% 661
Not the word of God 5% 19% 59% 16% 2% 9,276
Other/don't know 19% 11% 56% 8% 7% 1,781

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who say…

Interpreting scripture There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 54% 43% 1% 1% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 39% 59% 1% < 1% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 48% 44% 5% 2% 661
Not the word of God 21% 77% 1% 1% 9,276
Other/don't know 28% 67% 3% 2% 1,781

Frequency of reading scripture among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who read scripture…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 63% 11% 6% 19% 1% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 35% 13% 11% 41% < 1% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 58% 11% 7% 22% 2% 661
Not the word of God 6% 6% 7% 81% < 1% 9,276
Other/don't know 22% 11% 9% 54% 3% 1,781

Belief in Heaven among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who …in heaven

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 91% 4% 5% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 90% 6% 5% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 83% 6% 12% 661
Not the word of God 39% 52% 9% 9,276
Other/don't know 64% 14% 21% 1,781

Belief in Hell among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who …in hell

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 84% 10% 6% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 70% 23% 7% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 73% 13% 14% 661
Not the word of God 23% 69% 8% 9,276
Other/don't know 45% 32% 22% 1,781

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who identify as…

Interpreting scripture Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 63% 15% 22% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 56% 14% 30% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 58% 23% 19% 661
Not the word of God 28% 15% 56% 9,276
Other/don't know 37% 26% 38% 1,781

Political ideology among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who are…

Interpreting scripture Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 62% 23% 8% 6% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 45% 37% 14% 4% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 55% 24% 8% 13% 661
Not the word of God 18% 37% 40% 4% 9,276
Other/don't know 29% 38% 21% 12% 1,781

Views about size of government among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who would rather have…

Interpreting scripture Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 69% 26% 2% 3% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 69% 27% 2% 3% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 66% 18% 6% 11% 661
Not the word of God 53% 40% 4% 3% 9,276
Other/don't know 55% 26% 8% 10% 1,781

Views about government aid to the poor among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who say government aid to the poor…

Interpreting scripture Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 62% 33% 3% 2% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 56% 40% 3% 1% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 56% 28% 9% 7% 661
Not the word of God 36% 60% 3% 1% 9,276
Other/don't know 40% 46% 9% 5% 1,781

Views about abortion among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who say abortion should be…

Interpreting scripture Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 28% 69% 3% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 47% 51% 3% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 28% 61% 11% 661
Not the word of God 81% 16% 3% 9,276
Other/don't know 59% 30% 11% 1,781

Views about homosexuality among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who say homosexuality…

Interpreting scripture Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 29% 63% 4% 4% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 62% 31% 4% 3% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 31% 53% 9% 8% 661
Not the word of God 88% 8% 2% 2% 9,276
Other/don't know 67% 20% 7% 6% 1,781

Views about same-sex marriage among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who …same-sex marriage

Interpreting scripture Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 20% 73% 7% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 51% 42% 7% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 23% 61% 16% 661
Not the word of God 83% 12% 5% 9,276
Other/don't know 60% 26% 13% 1,781

Views about environmental regulation among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who say…

Interpreting scripture Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 55% 39% 3% 4% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 43% 53% 2% 1% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 46% 36% 8% 10% 661
Not the word of God 26% 71% 2% 2% 9,276
Other/don't know 33% 54% 6% 8% 1,781

Views about human evolution among whites by interpretation of scripture

% of whites who say humans…

Interpreting scripture Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,057. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 8% 20% 2% 64% 5% 6,057
Word of God; not everything taken literally 19% 39% 3% 36% 3% 7,125
Word of God; other/don't know 7% 21% 4% 51% 16% 661
Not the word of God 69% 16% 4% 9% 1% 9,276
Other/don't know 30% 27% 14% 19% 10% 1,781