Interpreting scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,881. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 12% 22% 1% 57% 7% 3,881
2007 14% 22% 1% 51% 11% 3,367

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

Interpreting scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by religious group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say the holy scripture is…

Religious tradition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 21% 32% 1% 38% 8% 738
Evangelical Protestant 27% 45% 2% 18% 8% 408
Historically Black Protestant 47% 34% < 1% 13% 5% 111
Jewish 8% 12% 1% 73% 5% 144
Mainline Protestant 10% 31% 1% 49% 9% 647
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 4% 7% < 1% 83% 6% 1,396

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are ages…

Interpreting scripture 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 365. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 23% 33% 28% 15% 365
Word of God; not everything taken literally 37% 32% 19% 12% 817
Not the word of God 34% 33% 22% 11% 2,332
Other/don't know 29% 42% 19% 10% 272

Generational cohort among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Interpreting scripture Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 365. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 16% 13% 28% 32% 10% 2% 365
Word of God; not everything taken literally 25% 19% 25% 22% 9% < 1% 817
Not the word of God 22% 19% 26% 25% 7% 1% 2,332
Other/don't know 19% 20% 32% 22% 6% < 1% 272

Gender composition among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Interpreting scripture Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 48% 52% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 48% 52% 827
Not the word of God 57% 43% 2,362
Other/don't know 62% 38% 282

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Interpreting scripture White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 368. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 45% 21% 2% 28% 3% 368
Word of God; not everything taken literally 64% 10% 5% 16% 5% 821
Not the word of God 73% 4% 7% 13% 3% 2,332
Other/don't know 63% 10% 7% 14% 6% 276

Immigrant status among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Interpreting scripture Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 359. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 24% 11% 66% 359
Word of God; not everything taken literally 17% 12% 71% 824
Not the word of God 13% 15% 72% 2,344
Other/don't know 16% 13% 71% 275

Income distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have a household income of…

Interpreting scripture Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 319. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 59% 17% 13% 11% 319
Word of God; not everything taken literally 32% 17% 28% 24% 747
Not the word of God 24% 19% 29% 28% 2,167
Other/don't know 36% 18% 29% 18% 222

Educational distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have completed…

Interpreting scripture High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 370. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 60% 24% 10% 5% 370
Word of God; not everything taken literally 32% 34% 19% 14% 825
Not the word of God 22% 31% 26% 21% 2,354
Other/don't know 24% 41% 22% 13% 280

Marital status among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Interpreting scripture Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 371. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 36% 8% 18% 9% 30% 371
Word of God; not everything taken literally 43% 6% 12% 3% 35% 823
Not the word of God 40% 11% 12% 3% 34% 2,357
Other/don't know 38% 12% 10% 4% 36% 279

Parent of children under 18 among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Interpreting scripture Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 30% 70% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 30% 70% 826
Not the word of God 22% 78% 2,358
Other/don't know 25% 75% 279

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say they…

Interpreting scripture Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 80% 15% 3% 2% < 1% < 1% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 66% 30% 4% < 1% < 1% < 1% 827
Not the word of God 23% 27% 15% 1% 29% 5% 2,362
Other/don't know 48% 24% 9% 2% 4% 12% 282

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say religion is…

Interpreting scripture Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 73% 19% 4% 4% < 1% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 50% 37% 8% 4% 1% 827
Not the word of God 13% 30% 26% 30% 1% 2,362
Other/don't know 32% 44% 16% 6% 2% 282

Attendance at religious services among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend religious services…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 42% 37% 20% 1% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 33% 47% 20% < 1% 827
Not the word of God 8% 34% 58% < 1% 2,362
Other/don't know 14% 50% 34% 2% 282

Frequency of prayer among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who pray…

Interpreting scripture At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 67% 21% 4% 7% < 1% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 54% 26% 9% 11% < 1% 827
Not the word of God 23% 15% 8% 55% < 1% 2,362
Other/don't know 37% 24% 11% 23% 4% 282

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend prayer group…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 34% 13% 11% 40% 1% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 18% 14% 15% 53% < 1% 827
Not the word of God 4% 4% 5% 87% < 1% 2,362
Other/don't know 8% 11% 8% 71% 2% 282

Frequency of meditation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who meditate…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 49% 7% 2% 40% 1% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 45% 9% 5% 41% 1% 827
Not the word of God 35% 13% 6% 45% < 1% 2,362
Other/don't know 41% 17% 5% 34% 2% 282

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 65% 12% 7% 14% 1% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 56% 22% 10% 11% < 1% 827
Not the word of God 45% 20% 12% 23% 1% 2,362
Other/don't know 55% 15% 9% 18% 3% 282

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 46% 13% 10% 28% 2% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 53% 16% 13% 17% 1% 827
Not the word of God 59% 17% 12% 12% < 1% 2,362
Other/don't know 59% 15% 13% 12% 1% 282

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Interpreting scripture There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 28% 70% 1% 1% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 31% 68% 1% < 1% 827
Not the word of God 19% 79% 1% 1% 2,362
Other/don't know 26% 66% 6% 2% 282

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who read scripture…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 48% 15% 8% 28% 1% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 32% 17% 11% 40% < 1% 827
Not the word of God 8% 8% 10% 74% < 1% 2,362
Other/don't know 20% 15% 12% 51% 2% 282

Belief in Heaven among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in heaven

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 90% 5% 6% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 87% 8% 5% 827
Not the word of God 32% 58% 10% 2,362
Other/don't know 57% 19% 24% 282

Belief in Hell among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in hell

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 76% 17% 7% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 63% 31% 6% 827
Not the word of God 19% 74% 7% 2,362
Other/don't know 37% 38% 25% 282

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Interpreting scripture Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 31% 22% 48% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 44% 13% 43% 827
Not the word of God 20% 15% 65% 2,362
Other/don't know 23% 30% 46% 282

Political ideology among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Interpreting scripture Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 41% 29% 25% 5% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 29% 42% 26% 4% 827
Not the word of God 12% 36% 49% 3% 2,362
Other/don't know 21% 39% 34% 6% 282

Views about size of government among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who would rather have…

Interpreting scripture Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 36% 60% 1% 3% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 55% 41% 2% 1% 827
Not the word of God 43% 50% 3% 3% 2,362
Other/don't know 52% 32% 10% 6% 282

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say government aid to the poor…

Interpreting scripture Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 44% 50% 4% 2% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 41% 54% 4% < 1% 827
Not the word of God 26% 70% 3% 1% 2,362
Other/don't know 35% 51% 10% 3% 282

Views about abortion among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say abortion should be…

Interpreting scripture Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 42% 53% 5% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 56% 41% 2% 827
Not the word of God 82% 16% 2% 2,362
Other/don't know 62% 29% 9% 282

Views about homosexuality among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say homosexuality…

Interpreting scripture Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 53% 41% 3% 3% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 76% 17% 5% 2% 827
Not the word of God 92% 5% 2% 1% 2,362
Other/don't know 78% 12% 7% 3% 282

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …same-sex marriage

Interpreting scripture Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 44% 50% 6% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 69% 25% 6% 827
Not the word of God 89% 8% 3% 2,362
Other/don't know 72% 16% 11% 282

Views about environmental regulation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Interpreting scripture Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 43% 53% 2% 3% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 32% 67% 1% 1% 827
Not the word of God 19% 77% 2% 2% 2,362
Other/don't know 23% 65% 7% 5% 282

Views about human evolution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say humans…

Interpreting scripture Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 22% 27% 3% 43% 6% 373
Word of God; not everything taken literally 28% 44% 4% 23% 2% 827
Not the word of God 72% 15% 4% 7% 1% 2,362
Other/don't know 35% 28% 16% 14% 7% 282