Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in God by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Religious tradition Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 19% 81% 112
Jewish 16% 84% 161
Mainline Protestant 20% 80% 109
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 22% 78% 2,729

Learn More: Parents, Non-parents

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who are ages…

Parent of children under 18 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 673. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 13% 74% 10% 2% 673
Non-parents 45% 23% 18% 14% 2,693

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Parent of children under 18 Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 673. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 5% 23% 60% 11% 1% < 1% 673
Non-parents 32% 20% 16% 22% 9% 1% 2,693

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Parent of children under 18 Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 59% 41% 679
Non-parents 67% 33% 2,723

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who identify as…

Parent of children under 18 White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 676. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 76% 2% 7% 11% 4% 676
Non-parents 77% 3% 8% 9% 3% 2,685

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Parent of children under 18 Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 673. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 18% 11% 71% 673
Non-parents 11% 16% 73% 2,695

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who have a household income of…

Parent of children under 18 Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 18% 12% 33% 37% 647
Non-parents 26% 20% 29% 25% 2,467

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who have completed…

Parent of children under 18 High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 25% 26% 24% 24% 678
Non-parents 29% 31% 25% 15% 2,716

Marital status among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Parent of children under 18 Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 678. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 73% 10% 9% 1% 7% 678
Non-parents 29% 12% 9% 3% 48% 2,715

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who say religion is…

Parent of children under 18 Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 3% 8% 21% 67% < 1% 679
Non-parents 3% 8% 23% 65% 1% 2,723

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who attend religious services…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 3% 15% 82% < 1% 679
Non-parents 2% 17% 80% < 1% 2,723

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who pray…

Parent of children under 18 At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 3% 2% 2% 93% < 1% 679
Non-parents 2% 1% 3% 93% < 1% 2,723

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who attend prayer group…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 1% 1% 2% 96% < 1% 679
Non-parents 1% 1% 2% 96% < 1% 2,723

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who meditate…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 20% 9% 4% 66% 1% 679
Non-parents 18% 8% 6% 68% 1% 2,723

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 37% 13% 8% 41% 1% 679
Non-parents 28% 15% 10% 45% 2% 2,723

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 42% 19% 15% 24% 1% 679
Non-parents 47% 17% 13% 22% 1% 2,723

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Parent of children under 18 Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 1% 17% 53% 28% 1% 679
Non-parents 1% 20% 51% 26% 1% 2,723

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who say…

Parent of children under 18 There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 17% 82% 1% < 1% 679
Non-parents 16% 83% 1% 1% 2,723

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who read scripture…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 1% 3% 5% 90% < 1% 679
Non-parents 2% 3% 4% 90% < 1% 2,723

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who say the holy scripture is…

Parent of children under 18 Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 1% 1% < 1% 95% 3% 679
Non-parents 1% 2% < 1% 94% 3% 2,723

Belief in Heaven among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who …in heaven

Parent of children under 18 Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 5% 92% 2% 679
Non-parents 6% 91% 3% 2,723

Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who …in hell

Parent of children under 18 Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 4% 93% 3% 679
Non-parents 5% 93% 3% 2,723

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who identify as…

Parent of children under 18 Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 18% 20% 61% 679
Non-parents 18% 16% 66% 2,723

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Parent of children under 18 Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 12% 33% 48% 8% 679
Non-parents 13% 31% 51% 5% 2,723

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who would rather have…

Parent of children under 18 Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 44% 49% 4% 3% 679
Non-parents 42% 51% 3% 3% 2,723

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who say government aid to the poor…

Parent of children under 18 Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 33% 64% 3% < 1% 679
Non-parents 28% 67% 3% 1% 2,723

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who say abortion should be…

Parent of children under 18 Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 84% 12% 3% 679
Non-parents 86% 11% 3% 2,723

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who say homosexuality…

Parent of children under 18 Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 93% 5% 1% 1% 679
Non-parents 91% 6% 2% 1% 2,723

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who …same-sex marriage

Parent of children under 18 Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 91% 6% 2% 679
Non-parents 88% 8% 4% 2,723

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who say…

Parent of children under 18 Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 20% 77% 2% 1% 679
Non-parents 19% 77% 1% 2% 2,723

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in God by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in God who say humans…

Parent of children under 18 Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 679. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 88% 3% 2% 6% 1% 679
Non-parents 87% 4% 1% 6% 1% 2,723