Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Religious tradition Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 151. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 20% 80% 151
Catholic 29% 71% 706
Evangelical Protestant 30% 70% 502
Jewish 22% 78% 460
Mainline Protestant 24% 76% 856
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 23% 77% 4,418

Learn More: Parents, Non-parents

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are ages…

Parent of children under 18 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,687. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 14% 71% 14% 2% 1,687
Non-parents 33% 23% 25% 19% 6,157

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Parent of children under 18 Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,687. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 4% 22% 58% 14% 1% < 1% 1,687
Non-parents 22% 17% 17% 31% 11% 2% 6,157

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Parent of children under 18 Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 52% 48% 1,703
Non-parents 60% 40% 6,247

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Parent of children under 18 White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,682. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 66% 6% 6% 18% 4% 1,682
Non-parents 74% 5% 6% 12% 4% 6,147

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Parent of children under 18 Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,691. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 23% 9% 68% 1,691
Non-parents 14% 14% 72% 6,183

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Parent of children under 18 Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,603. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 22% 16% 28% 34% 1,603
Non-parents 27% 20% 29% 24% 5,559

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have completed…

Parent of children under 18 High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,700. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 27% 28% 24% 21% 1,700
Non-parents 30% 30% 23% 17% 6,217

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Parent of children under 18 Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,700. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 69% 10% 11% 1% 9% 1,700
Non-parents 36% 10% 12% 4% 37% 6,220

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they…

Parent of children under 18 Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 25% 22% 12% 1% 36% 5% 1,703
Non-parents 22% 19% 12% 1% 42% 5% 6,247

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Parent of children under 18 Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 20% 22% 21% 36% 1% 1,703
Non-parents 15% 19% 25% 41% 1% 6,247

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 13% 29% 57% < 1% 1,703
Non-parents 11% 25% 64% < 1% 6,247

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who pray…

Parent of children under 18 At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 24% 11% 6% 59% < 1% 1,703
Non-parents 20% 9% 5% 65% 1% 6,247

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 10% 5% 5% 80% < 1% 1,703
Non-parents 8% 3% 4% 85% < 1% 6,247

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who meditate…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 33% 10% 5% 51% 1% 1,703
Non-parents 31% 10% 6% 52% 1% 6,247

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 48% 14% 10% 27% 1% 1,703
Non-parents 40% 16% 11% 32% 2% 6,247

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 47% 17% 14% 20% 1% 1,703
Non-parents 51% 16% 13% 20% 1% 6,247

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Parent of children under 18 Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 11% 16% 51% 20% 1% 1,703
Non-parents 9% 20% 51% 18% 2% 6,247

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Parent of children under 18 There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 23% 76% 1% 1% 1,703
Non-parents 22% 76% 1% 1% 6,247

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 13% 6% 7% 74% < 1% 1,703
Non-parents 11% 5% 7% 76% < 1% 6,247

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Parent of children under 18 Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 8% 9% 1% 77% 6% 1,703
Non-parents 6% 8% 1% 80% 5% 6,247

Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …in hell

Parent of children under 18 Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 7% 92% 1% 1,703
Non-parents 7% 92% 1% 6,247

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Parent of children under 18 Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 25% 21% 54% 1,703
Non-parents 23% 18% 59% 6,247

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Parent of children under 18 Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 19% 34% 42% 5% 1,703
Non-parents 18% 33% 44% 6% 6,247

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Parent of children under 18 Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 46% 47% 4% 3% 1,703
Non-parents 47% 46% 4% 3% 6,247

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Parent of children under 18 Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 36% 59% 3% 1% 1,703
Non-parents 33% 62% 3% 2% 6,247

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Parent of children under 18 Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 72% 25% 3% 1,703
Non-parents 79% 18% 3% 6,247

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Parent of children under 18 Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 81% 15% 2% 2% 1,703
Non-parents 83% 12% 2% 2% 6,247

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Parent of children under 18 Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 79% 17% 4% 1,703
Non-parents 79% 16% 5% 6,247

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Parent of children under 18 Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 24% 71% 3% 2% 1,703
Non-parents 24% 72% 2% 2% 6,247

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by parental status

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say humans…

Parent of children under 18 Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,703. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 66% 12% 3% 16% 2% 1,703
Non-parents 71% 10% 4% 14% 2% 6,247