Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in Hell by religious group

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Religious tradition Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 32% 68% 4,457
Evangelical Protestant 31% 69% 6,954
Historically Black Protestant 30% 70% 1,551
Jewish 31% 69% 144
Mainline Protestant 28% 72% 3,319
Mormon 43% 57% 379
Muslim 39% 61% 173
Orthodox Christian 35% 65% 101
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 32% 68% 1,693

Learn More: Parents, Non-parents

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who are ages…

Parent of children under 18 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 4,904. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 18% 67% 13% 2% 4,904
Non-parents 23% 20% 33% 24% 13,866

Generational cohort among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Parent of children under 18 Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 4,904. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 6% 25% 54% 14% 1% < 1% 4,904
Non-parents 17% 9% 17% 40% 16% 1% 13,866

Gender composition among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Parent of children under 18 Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 43% 57% 4,967
Non-parents 49% 51% 14,127

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Parent of children under 18 White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 4,933. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 57% 15% 3% 21% 4% 4,933
Non-parents 66% 15% 3% 13% 4% 13,951

Immigrant status among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Parent of children under 18 Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 4,899. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 20% 8% 72% 4,899
Non-parents 11% 9% 79% 13,931

Income distribution among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Parent of children under 18 Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 4,591. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 35% 20% 27% 17% 4,591
Non-parents 39% 22% 25% 14% 12,027

Educational distribution among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who have completed…

Parent of children under 18 High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 4,947. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 40% 35% 16% 8% 4,947
Non-parents 48% 32% 13% 7% 14,056

Marital status among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Parent of children under 18 Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 4,958. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 65% 9% 12% 2% 13% 4,958
Non-parents 42% 5% 14% 9% 29% 14,076

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they…

Parent of children under 18 Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 79% 18% 2% < 1% < 1% < 1% 4,967
Non-parents 79% 16% 3% 1% 1% 1% 14,127

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say religion is…

Parent of children under 18 Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 69% 23% 5% 2% < 1% 4,967
Non-parents 68% 24% 6% 2% < 1% 14,127

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 47% 36% 17% < 1% 4,967
Non-parents 46% 33% 20% 1% 14,127

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who pray…

Parent of children under 18 At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 69% 17% 5% 8% < 1% 4,967
Non-parents 68% 16% 5% 10% 1% 14,127

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 33% 14% 10% 43% < 1% 4,967
Non-parents 32% 11% 9% 47% 1% 14,127

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who meditate…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 40% 7% 3% 48% 1% 4,967
Non-parents 45% 8% 4% 41% 2% 14,127

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 64% 16% 9% 10% 1% 4,967
Non-parents 66% 14% 8% 11% 1% 14,127

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 41% 18% 13% 27% 1% 4,967
Non-parents 45% 15% 12% 26% 2% 14,127

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Parent of children under 18 Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 45% 7% 40% 6% 2% 4,967
Non-parents 45% 7% 40% 5% 2% 14,127

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Parent of children under 18 There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 41% 57% 1% 1% 4,967
Non-parents 39% 58% 2% 1% 14,127

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who read scripture…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 47% 12% 9% 31% < 1% 4,967
Non-parents 46% 12% 9% 33% 1% 14,127

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Parent of children under 18 Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 43% 34% 3% 14% 5% 4,967
Non-parents 44% 32% 3% 15% 6% 14,127

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who …in heaven

Parent of children under 18 Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 95% 2% 3% 4,967
Non-parents 95% 3% 3% 14,127

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Parent of children under 18 Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 44% 19% 37% 4,967
Non-parents 44% 16% 40% 14,127

Political ideology among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Parent of children under 18 Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 45% 32% 17% 6% 4,967
Non-parents 45% 32% 17% 6% 14,127

Views about size of government among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who would rather have…

Parent of children under 18 Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 51% 44% 3% 3% 4,967
Non-parents 55% 39% 2% 3% 14,127

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Parent of children under 18 Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 50% 44% 4% 2% 4,967
Non-parents 50% 45% 4% 2% 14,127

Views about abortion among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Parent of children under 18 Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 41% 56% 3% 4,967
Non-parents 43% 53% 4% 14,127

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Parent of children under 18 Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 53% 39% 4% 4% 4,967
Non-parents 50% 42% 4% 3% 14,127

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Parent of children under 18 Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 43% 50% 7% 4,967
Non-parents 40% 52% 8% 14,127

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Parent of children under 18 Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 42% 53% 2% 2% 4,967
Non-parents 44% 50% 2% 3% 14,127

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in Hell by parental status

% of adults who believe in Hell who say humans…

Parent of children under 18 Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,967. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 20% 30% 2% 44% 4% 4,967
Non-parents 19% 29% 3% 44% 5% 14,127