Party affiliation among adults who believe in Heaven

% of adults who believe in Heaven who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 18% 41% 24,337
2007 38% 17% 45% 25,775

Learn More: Republican/lean Rep., No lean, Democrat/lean Dem.

Party affiliation among adults who believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who believe in Heaven who identify as…

Religious tradition Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 39% 18% 43% 6,083
Evangelical Protestant 55% 16% 29% 7,452
Historically Black Protestant 10% 10% 80% 1,761
Jehovah's Witness 10% 68% 23% 126
Jewish 43% 11% 46% 288
Mainline Protestant 46% 16% 38% 4,683
Mormon 72% 11% 17% 626
Muslim 17% 22% 61% 202
Orthodox Christian 37% 21% 42% 138
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 28% 26% 46% 2,430

Learn More: Republican/lean Rep., No lean, Democrat/lean Dem.

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are ages…

Party affiliation 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 10,712. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 19% 33% 28% 21% 10,712
No lean 24% 39% 24% 14% 3,638
Democrat/lean Dem. 22% 33% 28% 18% 9,499

Generational cohort among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Party affiliation Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 10,712. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 12% 12% 28% 34% 14% 1% 10,712
No lean 14% 17% 32% 28% 9% 1% 3,638
Democrat/lean Dem. 14% 14% 27% 33% 12% 1% 9,499

Gender composition among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Party affiliation Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 50% 50% 10,890
No lean 45% 55% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 40% 60% 9,636

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who identify as…

Party affiliation White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 10,775. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 83% 3% 2% 9% 3% 10,775
No lean 57% 10% 4% 24% 5% 3,706
Democrat/lean Dem. 48% 26% 3% 18% 4% 9,548

Immigrant status among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Party affiliation Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 10,812. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 8% 8% 83% 10,812
No lean 23% 9% 68% 3,682
Democrat/lean Dem. 16% 11% 73% 9,503

Income distribution among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Party affiliation Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 9,547. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 26% 21% 32% 22% 9,547
No lean 50% 20% 20% 10% 2,901
Democrat/lean Dem. 44% 21% 22% 13% 8,636

Educational distribution among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who have completed…

Party affiliation High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 10,852. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 39% 34% 18% 9% 10,852
No lean 55% 30% 10% 6% 3,745
Democrat/lean Dem. 46% 32% 13% 9% 9,605

Marital status among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Party affiliation Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 10,864. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 59% 5% 10% 7% 19% 10,864
No lean 46% 9% 15% 7% 23% 3,765
Democrat/lean Dem. 41% 8% 15% 8% 28% 9,605

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Party affiliation Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 10,856. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 30% 70% 10,856
No lean 35% 65% 3,774
Democrat/lean Dem. 29% 71% 9,614

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say they…

Party affiliation Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 81% 16% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 10,890
No lean 72% 21% 3% 1% 1% 1% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 73% 21% 4% 1% 1% 1% 9,636

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Party affiliation Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 69% 24% 5% 2% < 1% 10,890
No lean 62% 26% 7% 4% 1% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 63% 27% 7% 3% < 1% 9,636

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 49% 33% 17% < 1% 10,890
No lean 40% 34% 25% 1% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 39% 39% 22% < 1% 9,636

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who pray…

Party affiliation At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 69% 17% 5% 8% < 1% 10,890
No lean 63% 16% 6% 13% 1% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 64% 18% 6% 11% 1% 9,636

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 32% 11% 10% 46% < 1% 10,890
No lean 29% 10% 9% 51% 2% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 27% 12% 9% 52% < 1% 9,636

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who meditate…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 42% 8% 3% 46% 2% 10,890
No lean 44% 7% 3% 43% 3% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 44% 9% 5% 41% 1% 9,636

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 66% 15% 9% 10% 1% 10,890
No lean 63% 13% 8% 14% 2% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 62% 15% 10% 12% 1% 9,636

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 43% 17% 13% 25% 1% 10,890
No lean 45% 13% 12% 28% 2% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 44% 16% 13% 26% 1% 9,636

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Party affiliation Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 48% 7% 39% 4% 2% 10,890
No lean 39% 7% 44% 6% 4% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 34% 10% 46% 8% 2% 9,636

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say…

Party affiliation There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 49% 49% 1% 1% 10,890
No lean 31% 65% 2% 2% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 26% 72% 1% 1% 9,636

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 47% 12% 9% 32% < 1% 10,890
No lean 42% 10% 8% 39% 1% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 39% 13% 9% 38% 1% 9,636

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Party affiliation Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 41% 37% 3% 14% 5% 10,890
No lean 39% 27% 5% 19% 9% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 37% 31% 2% 23% 7% 9,636

Belief in Hell among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who …in hell

Party affiliation Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 81% 14% 5% 10,890
No lean 73% 21% 6% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 74% 21% 6% 9,636

SocialandPoliticalViews

Political ideology among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Party affiliation Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 64% 27% 7% 2% 10,890
No lean 28% 33% 18% 21% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 25% 40% 31% 4% 9,636

Views about size of government among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Party affiliation Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 76% 20% 1% 2% 10,890
No lean 44% 45% 4% 7% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 32% 61% 3% 4% 9,636

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Party affiliation Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 68% 27% 3% 2% 10,890
No lean 42% 48% 6% 4% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 29% 66% 3% 2% 9,636

Views about abortion among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Party affiliation Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 35% 62% 3% 10,890
No lean 43% 50% 7% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 59% 37% 5% 9,636

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Party affiliation Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 45% 48% 4% 3% 10,890
No lean 55% 32% 6% 6% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 67% 27% 3% 3% 9,636

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Party affiliation Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 34% 59% 6% 10,890
No lean 45% 41% 14% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 58% 35% 7% 9,636

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say…

Party affiliation Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 56% 39% 2% 2% 10,890
No lean 37% 53% 4% 6% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 29% 67% 2% 3% 9,636

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say humans…

Party affiliation Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 16% 30% 3% 47% 4% 10,890
No lean 22% 27% 5% 39% 8% 3,811
Democrat/lean Dem. 27% 31% 3% 34% 4% 9,636