Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 7,973. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 23% 18% 58% 7,973
2007 25% 19% 56% 6,275

Learn More: Republican/lean Rep., No lean, Democrat/lean Dem.

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Religious tradition Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 151. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 7% 16% 77% 151
Catholic 31% 20% 49% 709
Evangelical Protestant 57% 15% 29% 503
Jewish 14% 7% 79% 461
Mainline Protestant 34% 14% 51% 861
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 20% 18% 62% 4,429

Learn More: Republican/lean Rep., No lean, Democrat/lean Dem.

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are ages…

Party affiliation 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,820. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 24% 35% 26% 16% 1,820
No lean 31% 37% 21% 11% 1,183
Democrat/lean Dem. 29% 34% 22% 15% 4,851

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Party affiliation Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,820. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 15% 17% 27% 30% 10% 1% 1,820
No lean 18% 22% 29% 25% 6% 1% 1,183
Democrat/lean Dem. 18% 18% 27% 26% 9% 1% 4,851

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Party affiliation Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 68% 32% 1,837
No lean 60% 40% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 54% 46% 4,902

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Party affiliation White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,806. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 80% 2% 5% 10% 3% 1,806
No lean 60% 6% 8% 22% 5% 1,191
Democrat/lean Dem. 72% 6% 6% 12% 4% 4,851

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Party affiliation Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,821. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 11% 11% 78% 1,821
No lean 26% 10% 64% 1,203
Democrat/lean Dem. 15% 14% 70% 4,868

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Party affiliation Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,659. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 18% 22% 30% 30% 1,659
No lean 44% 18% 23% 15% 1,001
Democrat/lean Dem. 23% 18% 30% 29% 4,515

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have completed…

Party affiliation High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,830. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 36% 31% 19% 13% 1,830
No lean 45% 30% 16% 9% 1,218
Democrat/lean Dem. 22% 29% 27% 22% 4,887

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Party affiliation Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,828. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 52% 8% 12% 4% 25% 1,828
No lean 39% 11% 13% 3% 33% 1,224
Democrat/lean Dem. 43% 11% 12% 4% 31% 4,888

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Party affiliation Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,831. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 27% 73% 1,831
No lean 28% 72% 1,228
Democrat/lean Dem. 23% 77% 4,891

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they…

Party affiliation Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 32% 23% 11% 1% 30% 4% 1,837
No lean 31% 18% 8% 1% 36% 5% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 16% 19% 14% 1% 46% 5% 4,902

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Party affiliation Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 23% 19% 26% 31% 1% 1,837
No lean 22% 20% 19% 37% 1% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 12% 19% 24% 43% 1% 4,902

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 16% 27% 57% < 1% 1,837
No lean 15% 22% 62% 1% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 8% 27% 65% < 1% 4,902

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who pray…

Party affiliation At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 26% 10% 6% 57% 1% 1,837
No lean 26% 8% 5% 60% 1% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 17% 9% 6% 68% 1% 4,902

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 12% 5% 4% 78% < 1% 1,837
No lean 13% 4% 5% 78% < 1% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 5% 3% 4% 87% < 1% 4,902

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who meditate…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 29% 10% 4% 56% 1% 1,837
No lean 37% 8% 5% 47% 2% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 30% 11% 6% 52% 1% 4,902

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 42% 14% 9% 34% 1% 1,837
No lean 46% 12% 8% 31% 3% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 41% 17% 12% 29% 1% 4,902

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 45% 15% 14% 25% 1% 1,837
No lean 51% 12% 10% 25% 2% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 52% 18% 14% 16% < 1% 4,902

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Party affiliation Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 17% 13% 56% 13% 1% 1,837
No lean 13% 16% 51% 17% 4% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 5% 22% 49% 22% 2% 4,902

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Party affiliation There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 35% 63% 1% 1% 1,837
No lean 24% 73% 2% 2% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 16% 82% 1% 1% 4,902

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 18% 6% 5% 70% 1% 1,837
No lean 17% 4% 7% 71% 1% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 8% 6% 7% 79% < 1% 4,902

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Party affiliation Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 13% 12% 1% 69% 5% 1,837
No lean 9% 11% 2% 69% 9% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 4% 6% < 1% 87% 4% 4,902

Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …in hell

Party affiliation Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 12% 85% 3% 1,837
No lean 7% 91% 1% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 4% 95% 1% 4,902

SocialandPoliticalViews

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Party affiliation Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 47% 39% 11% 2% 1,837
No lean 16% 36% 27% 21% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 6% 30% 62% 2% 4,902

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Party affiliation Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 82% 16% 1% 1% 1,837
No lean 55% 36% 5% 5% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 31% 61% 4% 4% 4,902

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Party affiliation Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 71% 25% 3% 1% 1,837
No lean 41% 50% 6% 3% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 16% 80% 3% 1% 4,902

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Party affiliation Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 61% 36% 4% 1,837
No lean 65% 28% 7% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 88% 11% 2% 4,902

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Party affiliation Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 69% 25% 3% 3% 1,837
No lean 72% 18% 5% 4% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 92% 6% 1% 1% 4,902

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Party affiliation Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 59% 34% 7% 1,837
No lean 69% 21% 9% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 90% 7% 2% 4,902

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Party affiliation Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 50% 45% 3% 2% 1,837
No lean 29% 61% 4% 6% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 12% 86% 1% 1% 4,902

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political party

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say humans…

Party affiliation Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,837. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 58% 12% 4% 24% 2% 1,837
No lean 57% 15% 5% 20% 3% 1,234
Democrat/lean Dem. 79% 9% 3% 8% 1% 4,902