Party affiliation among adults who believe in Hell

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 19,167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 17% 39% 19,167
2007 41% 16% 43% 20,461

Learn More: Republican/lean Rep., No lean, Democrat/lean Dem.

Party affiliation among adults who believe in Hell by religious group

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Religious tradition Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 41% 17% 42% 4,475
Evangelical Protestant 58% 15% 27% 6,978
Historically Black Protestant 11% 9% 80% 1,557
Jewish 46% 15% 39% 144
Mainline Protestant 49% 16% 36% 3,327
Mormon 76% 10% 15% 381
Muslim 19% 23% 58% 173
Orthodox Christian 41% 19% 40% 101
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 28% 27% 44% 1,699

Learn More: Republican/lean Rep., No lean, Democrat/lean Dem.

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who are ages…

Party affiliation 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 9,041. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 19% 34% 28% 19% 9,041
No lean 25% 40% 22% 13% 2,772
Democrat/lean Dem. 22% 33% 28% 17% 7,001

Generational cohort among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Party affiliation Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 9,041. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 13% 12% 28% 33% 13% 1% 9,041
No lean 15% 18% 33% 26% 8% 1% 2,772
Democrat/lean Dem. 14% 14% 27% 32% 11% 1% 7,001

Gender composition among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Party affiliation Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 52% 48% 9,176
No lean 47% 53% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 42% 58% 7,097

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Party affiliation White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 9,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 83% 3% 2% 9% 3% 9,082
No lean 56% 10% 4% 24% 6% 2,823
Democrat/lean Dem. 44% 29% 3% 19% 4% 7,036

Immigrant status among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Party affiliation Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 9,103. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 8% 7% 85% 9,103
No lean 24% 8% 68% 2,791
Democrat/lean Dem. 17% 11% 72% 6,999

Income distribution among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Party affiliation Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 8,093. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 26% 21% 32% 21% 8,093
No lean 51% 21% 19% 9% 2,213
Democrat/lean Dem. 47% 22% 21% 11% 6,344

Educational distribution among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who have completed…

Party affiliation High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 9,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 39% 34% 18% 8% 9,146
No lean 55% 30% 10% 5% 2,844
Democrat/lean Dem. 49% 32% 12% 7% 7,072

Marital status among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Party affiliation Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 9,159. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 60% 5% 10% 6% 19% 9,159
No lean 45% 8% 15% 7% 25% 2,858
Democrat/lean Dem. 39% 8% 16% 8% 29% 7,076

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Party affiliation Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 9,149. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 31% 69% 9,149
No lean 36% 64% 2,866
Democrat/lean Dem. 30% 70% 7,079

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they…

Party affiliation Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 83% 14% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 9,176
No lean 73% 19% 4% 1% 1% 1% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 76% 19% 3% 1% 1% 1% 7,097

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who say religion is…

Party affiliation Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 72% 22% 5% 1% < 1% 9,176
No lean 64% 25% 6% 4% 1% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 66% 25% 6% 3% < 1% 7,097

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 53% 31% 15% < 1% 9,176
No lean 40% 34% 25% 1% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 42% 37% 21% < 1% 7,097

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who pray…

Party affiliation At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 72% 16% 5% 7% < 1% 9,176
No lean 64% 17% 6% 12% 1% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 66% 18% 5% 11% < 1% 7,097

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 36% 12% 10% 41% < 1% 9,176
No lean 30% 10% 9% 50% 2% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 29% 12% 9% 49% < 1% 7,097

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who meditate…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 42% 7% 3% 46% 2% 9,176
No lean 44% 7% 3% 43% 3% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 45% 9% 4% 41% 1% 7,097

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 67% 15% 8% 9% 1% 9,176
No lean 63% 13% 8% 14% 2% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 64% 15% 9% 12% 1% 7,097

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 44% 17% 13% 25% 1% 9,176
No lean 44% 13% 12% 29% 3% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 43% 16% 13% 27% 2% 7,097

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Party affiliation Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 54% 6% 35% 4% 2% 9,176
No lean 41% 7% 42% 7% 4% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 38% 8% 45% 7% 2% 7,097

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Party affiliation There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 52% 45% 1% 1% 9,176
No lean 33% 63% 2% 2% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 28% 70% 1% 1% 7,097

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who read scripture…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 51% 12% 8% 29% < 1% 9,176
No lean 44% 10% 8% 37% 1% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 42% 13% 10% 35% 1% 7,097

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Party affiliation Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 45% 36% 3% 11% 4% 9,176
No lean 42% 27% 5% 17% 9% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 42% 31% 3% 18% 6% 7,097

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who …in heaven

Party affiliation Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 94% 2% 3% 9,176
No lean 94% 3% 3% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 96% 2% 2% 7,097

SocialandPoliticalViews

Political ideology among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Party affiliation Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 67% 25% 6% 2% 9,176
No lean 30% 32% 18% 21% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 27% 40% 28% 4% 7,097

Views about size of government among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who would rather have…

Party affiliation Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 77% 20% 1% 2% 9,176
No lean 43% 46% 4% 7% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 32% 61% 3% 4% 7,097

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Party affiliation Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 70% 26% 3% 1% 9,176
No lean 43% 47% 6% 4% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 31% 64% 4% 2% 7,097

Views about abortion among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Party affiliation Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 31% 67% 2% 9,176
No lean 42% 52% 7% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 55% 40% 4% 7,097

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Party affiliation Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 41% 52% 4% 3% 9,176
No lean 52% 35% 7% 6% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 62% 32% 4% 3% 7,097

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Party affiliation Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 30% 64% 6% 9,176
No lean 43% 43% 14% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 52% 41% 7% 7,097

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Party affiliation Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 57% 39% 2% 2% 9,176
No lean 40% 51% 4% 6% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 31% 65% 2% 3% 7,097

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in Hell by political party

% of adults who believe in Hell who say humans…

Party affiliation Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 14% 28% 2% 51% 4% 9,176
No lean 21% 27% 5% 40% 7% 2,894
Democrat/lean Dem. 24% 32% 3% 38% 4% 7,097