Party affiliation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 3,881. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 27% 16% 56% 3,881
2007 26% 14% 59% 3,367

Learn More: Republican/lean Rep., No lean, Democrat/lean Dem.

Party affiliation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by religious group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Religious tradition Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 36% 20% 43% 738
Evangelical Protestant 43% 12% 45% 408
Historically Black Protestant 16% 8% 76% 111
Jewish 19% 8% 73% 144
Mainline Protestant 39% 11% 50% 647
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 17% 19% 64% 1,396

Learn More: Republican/lean Rep., No lean, Democrat/lean Dem.

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are ages…

Party affiliation 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,046. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 30% 33% 23% 14% 1,046
No lean 39% 38% 15% 7% 528
Democrat/lean Dem. 33% 32% 23% 13% 2,248

Generational cohort among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Party affiliation Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,046. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 20% 17% 26% 26% 10% 1% 1,046
No lean 23% 26% 29% 18% 4% < 1% 528
Democrat/lean Dem. 22% 17% 26% 27% 8% 1% 2,248

Gender composition among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Party affiliation Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 61% 39% 1,063
No lean 59% 41% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 50% 50% 2,274

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Party affiliation White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,049. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 77% 3% 5% 12% 2% 1,049
No lean 54% 7% 6% 28% 5% 534
Democrat/lean Dem. 65% 11% 6% 14% 4% 2,250

Immigrant status among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Party affiliation Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,051. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 11% 12% 77% 1,051
No lean 28% 13% 59% 528
Democrat/lean Dem. 15% 15% 70% 2,258

Income distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have a household income of…

Party affiliation Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 963. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 23% 19% 30% 28% 963
No lean 47% 20% 18% 15% 436
Democrat/lean Dem. 30% 17% 27% 25% 2,086

Educational distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have completed…

Party affiliation High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,058. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 30% 34% 22% 14% 1,058
No lean 43% 32% 17% 8% 541
Democrat/lean Dem. 24% 31% 24% 20% 2,267

Marital status among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Party affiliation Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,056. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 48% 7% 11% 5% 29% 1,056
No lean 39% 10% 14% 3% 34% 543
Democrat/lean Dem. 37% 11% 13% 4% 35% 2,267

Parent of children under 18 among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Party affiliation Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,060. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 27% 73% 1,060
No lean 30% 70% 541
Democrat/lean Dem. 23% 77% 2,272

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say they…

Party affiliation Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 52% 29% 7% 1% 7% 3% 1,063
No lean 44% 25% 11% 2% 15% 4% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 36% 25% 12% < 1% 22% 5% 2,274

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say religion is…

Party affiliation Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 37% 35% 16% 11% < 1% 1,063
No lean 32% 29% 21% 16% 2% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 27% 30% 19% 24% 1% 2,274

Attendance at religious services among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend religious services…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 23% 41% 35% 1% 1,063
No lean 18% 33% 48% 1% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 17% 38% 45% < 1% 2,274

Frequency of prayer among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who pray…

Party affiliation At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 43% 22% 9% 26% < 1% 1,063
No lean 36% 18% 8% 37% 1% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 34% 17% 7% 41% 1% 2,274

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend prayer group…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 12% 9% 8% 70% < 1% 1,063
No lean 15% 8% 9% 68% 1% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 10% 7% 8% 74% < 1% 2,274

Frequency of meditation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who meditate…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 38% 11% 4% 46% 1% 1,063
No lean 41% 9% 4% 44% 1% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 40% 13% 6% 40% 1% 2,274

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 47% 21% 12% 19% 1% 1,063
No lean 56% 12% 11% 18% 3% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 51% 20% 10% 19% 1% 2,274

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 49% 18% 13% 19% 1% 1,063
No lean 59% 11% 10% 20% 1% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 58% 17% 12% 12% 1% 2,274

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Party affiliation There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 38% 60% 1% 1% 1,063
No lean 19% 77% 3% 1% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 18% 80% 1% 1% 2,274

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who read scripture…

Party affiliation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 23% 14% 11% 52% 1% 1,063
No lean 21% 12% 10% 55% 1% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 18% 10% 9% 63% < 1% 2,274

Interpreting scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say the holy scripture is…

Party affiliation Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 14% 36% 2% 43% 6% 1,063
No lean 16% 17% 2% 51% 14% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 10% 17% < 1% 66% 6% 2,274

Belief in Heaven among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in heaven

Party affiliation Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 69% 22% 9% 1,063
No lean 50% 35% 15% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 47% 45% 8% 2,274

Belief in Hell among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in hell

Party affiliation Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 51% 41% 9% 1,063
No lean 39% 48% 13% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 31% 63% 7% 2,274

SocialandPoliticalViews

Political ideology among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Party affiliation Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 44% 42% 12% 2% 1,063
No lean 19% 40% 27% 14% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 9% 33% 56% 2% 2,274

Views about size of government among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who would rather have…

Party affiliation Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 76% 21% 2% 1% 1,063
No lean 52% 38% 5% 5% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 29% 63% 4% 4% 2,274

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say government aid to the poor…

Party affiliation Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 64% 32% 3% 1% 1,063
No lean 38% 51% 8% 3% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 16% 80% 3% 1% 2,274

Views about abortion among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say abortion should be…

Party affiliation Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 55% 42% 3% 1,063
No lean 62% 33% 5% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 79% 18% 2% 2,274

Views about homosexuality among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say homosexuality…

Party affiliation Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 74% 21% 3% 2% 1,063
No lean 77% 13% 7% 3% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 88% 9% 2% 1% 2,274

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …same-sex marriage

Party affiliation Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 62% 31% 6% 1,063
No lean 71% 20% 9% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 86% 11% 3% 2,274

Views about environmental regulation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Party affiliation Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 50% 46% 2% 2% 1,063
No lean 29% 63% 4% 5% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 12% 84% 2% 1% 2,274

Views about human evolution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political party

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say humans…

Party affiliation Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,063. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Republican/lean Rep. 40% 31% 5% 21% 3% 1,063
No lean 48% 21% 7% 19% 6% 544
Democrat/lean Dem. 61% 21% 4% 12% 1% 2,274