Political ideology among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,881. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 20% 37% 39% 4% 3,881
2007 22% 40% 34% 4% 3,367

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

Political ideology among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by religious group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Religious tradition Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 29% 39% 29% 3% 738
Evangelical Protestant 33% 35% 28% 5% 408
Historically Black Protestant 35% 31% 30% 4% 111
Jewish 14% 37% 49% < 1% 144
Mainline Protestant 26% 41% 30% 3% 647
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 11% 35% 50% 4% 1,396

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are ages…

Political ideology 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 769. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 26% 33% 23% 18% 769
Moderate 33% 35% 22% 10% 1,363
Liberal 36% 33% 20% 11% 1,567
Don't know 38% 27% 28% 7% 123

Generational cohort among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Political ideology Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 769. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 17% 14% 28% 27% 12% 1% 769
Moderate 23% 17% 28% 24% 7% < 1% 1,363
Liberal 22% 21% 25% 25% 6% 1% 1,567
Don't know 26% 21% 19% 30% 4% 1% 123

Gender composition among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Political ideology Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 59% 41% 785
Moderate 57% 43% 1,381
Liberal 48% 52% 1,588
Don't know 60% 40% 127

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Political ideology White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 774. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 67% 11% 3% 16% 2% 774
Moderate 66% 7% 7% 15% 5% 1,364
Liberal 68% 7% 6% 15% 4% 1,569
Don't know 58% 12% 2% 21% 7% 126

Immigrant status among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Political ideology Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 774. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 14% 10% 76% 774
Moderate 15% 14% 71% 1,365
Liberal 17% 16% 67% 1,575
Don't know 27% 5% 67% 123

Income distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have a household income of…

Political ideology Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 692. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 32% 18% 28% 22% 692
Moderate 28% 19% 26% 26% 1,247
Liberal 30% 17% 27% 26% 1,453

Educational distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have completed…

Political ideology High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 783. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 40% 31% 18% 12% 783
Moderate 28% 35% 22% 15% 1,378
Liberal 22% 30% 26% 22% 1,581
Don't know 53% 28% 12% 7% 124

Marital status among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Political ideology Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 781. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 46% 8% 13% 6% 27% 781
Moderate 39% 8% 11% 4% 37% 1,378
Liberal 39% 11% 13% 3% 34% 1,582
Don't know 36% 18% 8% 7% 32% 125

Parent of children under 18 among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Political ideology Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 783. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 27% 73% 783
Moderate 26% 74% 1,376
Liberal 24% 76% 1,588
Don't know 25% 75% 126

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say they…

Political ideology Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 62% 22% 7% 1% 6% 3% 785
Moderate 42% 29% 11% < 1% 13% 4% 1,381
Liberal 31% 25% 12% 1% 26% 5% 1,588
Don't know 42% 28% 7% 4% 14% 6% 127

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say religion is…

Political ideology Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 47% 34% 11% 9% < 1% 785
Moderate 30% 34% 20% 15% 1% 1,381
Liberal 22% 28% 21% 28% 1% 1,588
Don't know 36% 28% 19% 16% 1% 127

Attendance at religious services among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend religious services…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 28% 41% 31% < 1% 785
Moderate 19% 41% 39% 1% 1,381
Liberal 14% 34% 52% < 1% 1,588
Don't know 18% 32% 48% 2% 127

Frequency of prayer among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who pray…

Political ideology At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 51% 20% 7% 22% < 1% 785
Moderate 37% 19% 9% 34% 1% 1,381
Liberal 29% 17% 8% 46% 1% 1,588
Don't know 40% 21% 5% 33% 2% 127

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend prayer group…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 19% 9% 10% 62% < 1% 785
Moderate 10% 8% 8% 73% < 1% 1,381
Liberal 9% 7% 7% 77% 1% 1,588
Don't know 14% 6% 12% 66% 2% 127

Frequency of meditation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who meditate…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 39% 10% 4% 46% < 1% 785
Moderate 39% 11% 6% 43% 1% 1,381
Liberal 41% 13% 5% 40% 1% 1,588
Don't know 37% 9% 5% 43% 6% 127

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 53% 20% 9% 17% 1% 785
Moderate 50% 19% 12% 19% 1% 1,381
Liberal 50% 19% 10% 19% 1% 1,588
Don't know 47% 13% 11% 22% 6% 127

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 50% 16% 12% 21% 1% 785
Moderate 55% 16% 14% 14% 1% 1,381
Liberal 59% 17% 11% 12% 1% 1,588
Don't know 56% 7% 10% 24% 3% 127

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Political ideology There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 36% 62% 1% 1% 785
Moderate 23% 74% 2% < 1% 1,381
Liberal 17% 82% 1% < 1% 1,588
Don't know 21% 64% 10% 5% 127

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who read scripture…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 28% 15% 12% 45% < 1% 785
Moderate 20% 11% 10% 59% < 1% 1,381
Liberal 16% 10% 9% 65% 1% 1,588
Don't know 22% 13% 7% 57% 2% 127

Interpreting scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say the holy scripture is…

Political ideology Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 25% 31% 2% 35% 8% 785
Moderate 10% 25% 1% 56% 8% 1,381
Liberal 8% 15% < 1% 71% 6% 1,588
Don't know 17% 21% 4% 46% 12% 127

Belief in Heaven among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in heaven

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 73% 17% 10% 785
Moderate 57% 32% 11% 1,381
Liberal 39% 53% 8% 1,588
Don't know 61% 29% 10% 127

Belief in Hell among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in hell

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 57% 34% 9% 785
Moderate 40% 51% 9% 1,381
Liberal 24% 69% 7% 1,588
Don't know 50% 42% 8% 127

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Political ideology Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 59% 16% 25% 785
Moderate 31% 18% 51% 1,381
Liberal 8% 11% 80% 1,588
Don't know 17% 59% 24% 127

Views about size of government among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who would rather have…

Political ideology Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 69% 28% 1% 2% 785
Moderate 55% 37% 4% 4% 1,381
Liberal 25% 68% 3% 3% 1,588
Don't know 51% 37% 8% 4% 127

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say government aid to the poor…

Political ideology Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 60% 36% 3% 1% 785
Moderate 34% 59% 6% 1% 1,381
Liberal 17% 80% 2% 1% 1,588
Don't know 41% 45% 6% 8% 127

Views about abortion among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say abortion should be…

Political ideology Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 47% 50% 3% 785
Moderate 69% 29% 3% 1,381
Liberal 84% 14% 2% 1,588
Don't know 55% 31% 14% 127

Views about homosexuality among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say homosexuality…

Political ideology Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 66% 27% 5% 2% 785
Moderate 85% 10% 3% 2% 1,381
Liberal 90% 8% 1% < 1% 1,588
Don't know 71% 16% 8% 4% 127

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …same-sex marriage

Political ideology Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 51% 41% 8% 785
Moderate 80% 15% 6% 1,381
Liberal 90% 9% 2% 1,588
Don't know 63% 24% 14% 127

Views about environmental regulation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Political ideology Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 50% 47% 2% 1% 785
Moderate 26% 69% 3% 2% 1,381
Liberal 12% 86% 1% 1% 1,588
Don't know 36% 48% 6% 10% 127

Views about human evolution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say humans…

Political ideology Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 35% 30% 4% 27% 4% 785
Moderate 51% 27% 6% 15% 2% 1,381
Liberal 66% 18% 4% 10% 2% 1,588
Don't know 35% 26% 10% 16% 12% 127