Religious composition of who believe in Hell who are conservative

  • Christian 92%
  • Evangelical Protestant 45%
    • Baptist Family (Evangelical Trad.) 18%
      • Southern Baptist Convention 11%
      • Independent Baptist (Evangelical Trad.) 5%
      • Missionary Baptist (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Conservative Baptist Association of America < 1%
      • Free Will Baptist < 1%
      • General Association of Regular Baptist Churches < 1%
      • Other Baptist (Evangelical Trad.) 2%
    • Methodist Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Nondenominational Family (Evangelical Trad.) 9%
      • Nondenominational evangelical 4%
      • Nondenominational fundamentalist 1%
      • Nondenominational charismatic 1%
      • Nondenominational Christian (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Interdenominational (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
      • Community Church (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Other Nondenominational (Evangelical Trad.) 2%
    • Lutheran Family (Evangelical Trad.) 2%
      • Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod 2%
      • Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod < 1%
      • Other Lutheran (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Presbyterian Family (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
      • Presbyterian Church in America < 1%
      • Other Presbyterian (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
    • Pentecostal Family (Evangelical Trad.) 6%
      • Assemblies of God 3%
      • Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) 1%
      • Foursquare Church < 1%
      • Pentecostal Church of God < 1%
      • Pentecostal Holiness Church < 1%
      • Calvary Chapel < 1%
      • Apostolic Pentecostal (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Nondenominational Pentecostal (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Church of God of the Apostolic Faith < 1%
      • Other Pentecostal (Evangelical Trad.) 2%
    • Episcopalian/Anglican Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Restorationist Family (Evangelical Trad.) 3%
      • Churches of Christ 3%
      • Christian Churches and Churches of Christ < 1%
      • Other Restorationist (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Congregationalist Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Conservative Congregational Christian Conference < 1%
      • Other Congregationalist (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Holiness Family (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
      • Church of the Nazarene 1%
      • Wesleyan Church < 1%
      • Free Methodist Church < 1%
      • Christian and Missionary Alliance < 1%
      • Church of God (Anderson, Indiana) < 1%
      • Other Holiness (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Reformed Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Christian Reformed Church < 1%
      • Other Reformed (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Adventist Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Seventh-day Adventist < 1%
      • Other Adventist (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Anabaptist Family (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
    • Pietist Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Other evangelical/fundamentalist family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Nonspecific Protestant Family (Evangelical Trad.) 2%
  • Mainline Protestant 15%
    • Baptist Family (Mainline Trad.) 3%
      • American Baptist Churches USA 2%
      • Other Baptist (Mainline Trad.) 1%
    • Methodist Family (Mainline Trad.) 5%
      • United Methodist Church 5%
      • Other Methodist (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Nondenominational Family (Mainline Trad.) 1%
      • Interdenominational (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
      • Other Nondenominational (Mainline Trad.) 1%
    • Lutheran Family (Mainline Trad.) 2%
      • Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) 1%
      • Other Lutheran (Mainline Trad.) 1%
    • Presbyterian Family (Mainline Trad.) 1%
      • Presbyterian Church (USA) 1%
      • Other Presbyterian (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Episcopalian/Anglican Family (Mainline Trad.) 1%
      • Episcopal Church 1%
      • Anglican Church < 1%
      • Other Episcopalian/Anglican (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Restorationist Family (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
      • Disciples of Christ < 1%
      • Other Restorationist (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Congregationalist Family (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
      • United Church of Christ < 1%
      • Other Congregationalist (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Reformed Family (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
      • Reformed Church in America < 1%
      • Other Reformed (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Anabaptist Family (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Friends Family (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Nonspecific Protestant Family (Mainline Trad.) 1%
  • Historically Black Protestant 7%
    • Baptist Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) 4%
      • National Baptist Convention 1%
      • Progressive Baptist Convention < 1%
      • Independent Baptist (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
      • Missionary Baptist (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
      • Other Baptist (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) 2%
    • Methodist Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
      • African Methodist Episcopal Church < 1%
      • African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church < 1%
      • Christian Methodist Episcopal Church < 1%
      • Other Methodist (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
    • Pentecostal Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) 2%
      • Church of God in Christ 1%
      • Apostolic Pentecostal (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
      • United Pentecostal Church International < 1%
      • Other Pentecostal (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) 1%
    • Holiness Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
    • Nondenominational Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
    • Nonspecific Protestant Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
  • Catholic 21%
  • Mormon 2%
    • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 2%
    • Other Mormon < 1%
  • Orthodox Christian < 1%
    • Greek Orthodox < 1%
    • Russian Orthodox < 1%
    • Orthodox Church in America < 1%
    • Other Orthodox Christian < 1%
  • Jehovah's Witness < 1%
  • Other Christian < 1%
    • Metaphysical Family < 1%
      • Spiritualist < 1%
      • Unity Church < 1%
      • Other Metaphysical Christian ("Other Christian" Trad.) < 1%
    • Others in the "Other Christian" Tradition < 1%
  • Non-Christian Faiths 2%
  • Jewish 1%
  • Muslim 1%
  • Buddhist < 1%
  • Hindu < 1%
  • Other World Religions < 1%
  • Other Faiths < 1%
    • Unitarians and other liberal faiths in the "Other Faiths" Tradition < 1%
      • Unitarian < 1%
      • Humanist < 1%
      • Deist < 1%
      • Spiritual but not religious < 1%
      • Eclectic, a bit of everything, "I have my own beliefs" < 1%
      • Other in the "Unitarian and other liberal faiths" family < 1%
    • New Age < 1%
      • Pagan or Wiccan < 1%
      • Other in the New Age family < 1%
    • Native American Religions < 1%
  • Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 6%
  • Atheist < 1%
  • Agnostic < 1%
  • Nothing in particular 6%
    • Nothing in particular (religion not important) 2%
    • Nothing in particular (religion important) 4%
  • Don't know < 1%

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 9,030. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 16% 33% 30% 21% 9,030
2007 16% 39% 26% 19% 9,454

Generational cohort among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 9,030. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 10% 11% 28% 36% 14% 1% 9,030
2007 < 1% 12% 29% 36% 19% 4% 9,454

Gender composition among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 51% 49% 9,195
2007 49% 51% 9,615

Racial and ethnic composition among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 9,088. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 72% 11% 2% 12% 3% 9,088
2007 75% 11% 2% 10% 3% 9,532

Immigrant status among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 9,114. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 12% 7% 81% 9,114
2007 9% 6% 85% 9,574

Income distribution among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 8,012. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 32% 21% 29% 17% 8,012
2007 31% 23% 31% 15% 8,072

Educational distribution among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 9,166. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 45% 33% 15% 7% 9,166

Marital status among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 9,165. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 58% 4% 12% 7% 18% 9,165
2007 62% 4% 11% 8% 15% 9,564

Parent of children under 18 among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 9,165. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 31% 69% 9,165
2007 37% 63% 9,593

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 86% 12% 2% < 1% < 1% < 1% 9,195
2007 90% 8% 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 9,615

Importance of religion in one's life among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 77% 18% 3% 1% < 1% 9,195
2007 78% 18% 3% 1% < 1% 9,615

Attendance at religious services among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 56% 30% 13% < 1% 9,195
2007 60% 27% 13% < 1% 9,615

Frequency of prayer among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 76% 14% 4% 6% 1% 9,195
2007 75% 15% 4% 6% 1% 9,615

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 12% 10% 37% 1% 9,195
2007 38% 11% 9% 41% < 1% 9,615

Frequency of meditation among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 47% 7% 3% 41% 2% 9,195
2007 46% 6% 3% 42% 2% 9,615

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 71% 13% 7% 7% 1% 9,195
2007 65% 12% 10% 11% 2% 9,615

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 46% 16% 11% 25% 1% 9,195
2007 40% 14% 14% 29% 4% 9,615

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 57% 5% 32% 4% 2% 9,195
2007 50% 4% 41% 3% 2% 9,615

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 53% 45% 2% 1% 9,195

Frequency of reading scripture among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 56% 12% 8% 24% 1% 9,195
2007 53% 11% 7% 28% 1% 9,615

Interpreting scripture among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 53% 31% 4% 9% 4% 9,195
2007 55% 28% 4% 8% 5% 9,615

Belief in Heaven among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 94% 2% 3% 9,195
2007 93% 3% 4% 9,615

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 65% 11% 24% 9,195
2007 60% 10% 30% 9,615

Views about size of government among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 69% 27% 1% 2% 9,195
2007 53% 39% 3% 5% 9,615

Views about government aid to the poor among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 63% 32% 3% 1% 9,195

Views about abortion among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 29% 68% 3% 9,195
2007 29% 66% 5% 9,615

Views about homosexuality among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 36% 56% 4% 3% 9,195
2007 27% 64% 5% 4% 9,615

Views about same-sex marriage among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 25% 68% 7% 9,195

Views about environmental regulation among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 56% 39% 2% 3% 9,195
2007 41% 50% 4% 6% 9,615

Views about human evolution among who believe in Hell who are conservative

% of who believe in Hell who are conservative who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 13% 26% 2% 54% 4% 9,195