Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who believe in Heaven who identify as…

Religious tradition White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 59% 3% 3% 33% 2% 6,012
Evangelical Protestant 75% 6% 2% 12% 5% 7,360
Historically Black Protestant 2% 94% < 1% 3% 1% 1,758
Jehovah's Witness 36% 30% 1% 24% 9% 123
Jewish 84% 4% 4% 6% 2% 285
Mainline Protestant 86% 4% 1% 6% 3% 4,626
Mormon 85% 1% 2% 8% 5% 618
Muslim 35% 29% 29% 4% 3% 197
Orthodox Christian 79% 7% 4% 7% 2% 136
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 61% 16% 3% 15% 5% 2,387

Learn More: White, Black, Asian, Latino, Other/Mixed

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are ages…

Racial and ethnic composition 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 17% 31% 29% 23% 16,474
Black 26% 36% 26% 12% 2,808
Asian 37% 36% 18% 9% 531
Latino 28% 44% 20% 8% 2,757
Other/Mixed 28% 35% 26% 10% 1,020

Generational cohort among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Racial and ethnic composition Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 10% 11% 26% 36% 15% 1% 16,474
Black 16% 16% 29% 29% 8% 1% 2,808
Asian 25% 20% 29% 21% 6% < 1% 531
Latino 19% 18% 35% 23% 5% < 1% 2,757
Other/Mixed 18% 17% 29% 29% 7% < 1% 1,020

Gender composition among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Racial and ethnic composition Men Women Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 45% 55% 16,765
Black 43% 57% 2,875
Asian 51% 49% 548
Latino 46% 54% 2,806
Other/Mixed 43% 57% 1,035

Immigrant status among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Racial and ethnic composition Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,628. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 4% 7% 90% 16,628
Black 10% 5% 85% 2,808
Asian 71% 22% 7% 531
Latino 54% 22% 23% 2,744
Other/Mixed 7% 9% 83% 1,005

Income distribution among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Racial and ethnic composition Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 14,565. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 30% 21% 30% 19% 14,565
Black 52% 21% 18% 9% 2,560
Asian 29% 20% 28% 22% 465
Latino 58% 20% 15% 7% 2,387
Other/Mixed 44% 23% 20% 12% 917

Educational distribution among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who have completed…

Racial and ethnic composition High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,694. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 41% 33% 16% 10% 16,694
Black 50% 33% 11% 7% 2,859
Asian 24% 26% 29% 21% 545
Latino 62% 26% 8% 3% 2,784
Other/Mixed 40% 41% 12% 7% 1,030

Marital status among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Racial and ethnic composition Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,708. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 56% 6% 12% 9% 18% 16,708
Black 30% 7% 17% 7% 40% 2,866
Asian 47% 6% 6% 3% 38% 547
Latino 41% 11% 15% 4% 29% 2,797
Other/Mixed 38% 9% 15% 5% 33% 1,034

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Racial and ethnic composition Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,718. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 27% 73% 16,718
Black 32% 68% 2,864
Asian 31% 69% 545
Latino 42% 58% 2,792
Other/Mixed 30% 70% 1,035

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say they…

Racial and ethnic composition Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 76% 19% 3% 1% 1% 1% 16,765
Black 87% 10% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 2,875
Asian 61% 26% 8% 1% 3% < 1% 548
Latino 67% 27% 4% 1% 1% < 1% 2,806
Other/Mixed 79% 17% 3% < 1% 1% 1% 1,035

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Racial and ethnic composition Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 62% 28% 7% 3% < 1% 16,765
Black 81% 14% 3% 2% < 1% 2,875
Asian 52% 35% 9% 3% < 1% 548
Latino 67% 25% 4% 3% 1% 2,806
Other/Mixed 66% 24% 6% 3% 1% 1,035

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Racial and ethnic composition At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 42% 36% 22% 1% 16,765
Black 50% 36% 13% < 1% 2,875
Asian 36% 46% 18% < 1% 548
Latino 46% 35% 19% < 1% 2,806
Other/Mixed 41% 34% 25% < 1% 1,035

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who pray…

Racial and ethnic composition At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 64% 19% 6% 11% 1% 16,765
Black 77% 13% 4% 5% 1% 2,875
Asian 58% 17% 8% 17% < 1% 548
Latino 65% 18% 7% 10% 1% 2,806
Other/Mixed 71% 15% 5% 9% 1% 1,035

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Racial and ethnic composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 26% 10% 9% 54% < 1% 16,765
Black 41% 15% 9% 34% 1% 2,875
Asian 25% 12% 15% 47% < 1% 548
Latino 31% 14% 9% 45% 1% 2,806
Other/Mixed 31% 10% 9% 49% 1% 1,035

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who meditate…

Racial and ethnic composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 39% 8% 4% 49% 2% 16,765
Black 53% 9% 3% 34% 1% 2,875
Asian 37% 11% 7% 43% 2% 548
Latino 52% 10% 4% 32% 2% 2,806
Other/Mixed 47% 9% 3% 40% 1% 1,035

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Racial and ethnic composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 62% 15% 9% 12% 1% 16,765
Black 71% 13% 7% 9% 1% 2,875
Asian 53% 16% 16% 14% 2% 548
Latino 65% 15% 9% 10% 1% 2,806
Other/Mixed 69% 13% 6% 11% 1% 1,035

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Racial and ethnic composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 42% 17% 13% 27% 1% 16,765
Black 44% 14% 10% 30% 2% 2,875
Asian 37% 18% 19% 25% 1% 548
Latino 50% 14% 13% 21% 1% 2,806
Other/Mixed 50% 15% 11% 23% 1% 1,035

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Racial and ethnic composition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 41% 8% 44% 5% 2% 16,765
Black 46% 6% 42% 4% 2% 2,875
Asian 28% 15% 42% 13% 2% 548
Latino 40% 9% 37% 11% 2% 2,806
Other/Mixed 41% 8% 42% 6% 3% 1,035

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say…

Racial and ethnic composition There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 41% 57% 1% 1% 16,765
Black 29% 69% 1% 1% 2,875
Asian 26% 73% 1% < 1% 548
Latino 28% 68% 2% 2% 2,806
Other/Mixed 32% 66% 1% 1% 1,035

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Racial and ethnic composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 39% 11% 9% 40% 1% 16,765
Black 57% 14% 7% 21% 1% 2,875
Asian 29% 13% 12% 45% < 1% 548
Latino 44% 13% 9% 33% 1% 2,806
Other/Mixed 49% 11% 8% 31% 1% 1,035

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Racial and ethnic composition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 34% 37% 3% 20% 6% 16,765
Black 56% 25% 2% 11% 6% 2,875
Asian 29% 31% 3% 29% 8% 548
Latino 46% 27% 3% 19% 6% 2,806
Other/Mixed 36% 32% 5% 19% 8% 1,035

Belief in Hell among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who …in hell

Racial and ethnic composition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 75% 19% 6% 16,765
Black 82% 13% 4% 2,875
Asian 72% 22% 7% 548
Latino 77% 19% 5% 2,806
Other/Mixed 77% 17% 6% 1,035

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who identify as…

Racial and ethnic composition Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 54% 15% 31% 16,765
Black 10% 12% 78% 2,875
Asian 31% 23% 47% 548
Latino 24% 27% 49% 2,806
Other/Mixed 29% 26% 45% 1,035

Political ideology among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Racial and ethnic composition Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 46% 33% 15% 5% 16,765
Black 33% 34% 25% 8% 2,875
Asian 27% 40% 28% 5% 548
Latino 34% 31% 27% 7% 2,806
Other/Mixed 33% 35% 21% 10% 1,035

Views about size of government among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Racial and ethnic composition Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 66% 28% 2% 4% 16,765
Black 22% 72% 2% 3% 2,875
Asian 40% 58% 1% 1% 548
Latino 27% 67% 3% 3% 2,806
Other/Mixed 46% 44% 4% 6% 1,035

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Racial and ethnic composition Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 55% 40% 4% 2% 16,765
Black 28% 66% 4% 2% 2,875
Asian 42% 52% 3% 2% 548
Latino 40% 53% 4% 3% 2,806
Other/Mixed 39% 54% 4% 3% 1,035

Views about abortion among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Racial and ethnic composition Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 46% 51% 4% 16,765
Black 52% 43% 6% 2,875
Asian 53% 45% 3% 548
Latino 41% 54% 5% 2,806
Other/Mixed 51% 44% 5% 1,035

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Racial and ethnic composition Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 55% 38% 4% 3% 16,765
Black 52% 40% 5% 3% 2,875
Asian 64% 31% 3% 3% 548
Latino 64% 28% 5% 3% 2,806
Other/Mixed 55% 35% 5% 6% 1,035

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Racial and ethnic composition Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 45% 47% 7% 16,765
Black 41% 51% 8% 2,875
Asian 54% 40% 6% 548
Latino 51% 40% 9% 2,806
Other/Mixed 47% 43% 9% 1,035

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say…

Racial and ethnic composition Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 45% 50% 2% 3% 16,765
Black 35% 60% 2% 3% 2,875
Asian 34% 61% 2% 4% 548
Latino 37% 56% 2% 5% 2,806
Other/Mixed 37% 56% 3% 4% 1,035

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say humans…

Racial and ethnic composition Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 16,765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 21% 30% 4% 40% 4% 16,765
Black 18% 31% 3% 45% 4% 2,875
Asian 33% 24% 3% 36% 4% 548
Latino 26% 28% 3% 38% 5% 2,806
Other/Mixed 21% 30% 4% 41% 5% 1,035