Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in Hell by religious group

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Religious tradition White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 57% 3% 3% 34% 2% 4,430
Evangelical Protestant 76% 6% 2% 12% 5% 6,890
Historically Black Protestant 2% 94% < 1% 3% 1% 1,554
Jewish 82% 4% 2% 10% 3% 142
Mainline Protestant 85% 4% 1% 6% 4% 3,293
Mormon 83% < 1% 2% 10% 4% 378
Muslim 38% 28% 27% 5% 3% 169
Orthodox Christian 83% 7% 5% 2% 3% 100
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 58% 17% 4% 16% 5% 1,668

Learn More: White, Black, Asian, Latino, Other/Mixed

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who are ages…

Racial and ethnic composition 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,772. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 17% 32% 29% 21% 12,772
Black 25% 36% 26% 12% 2,401
Asian 39% 34% 18% 9% 415
Latino 29% 45% 19% 7% 2,215
Other/Mixed 29% 35% 26% 10% 818

Generational cohort among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Racial and ethnic composition Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,772. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 11% 12% 27% 35% 14% 1% 12,772
Black 16% 15% 30% 30% 8% 1% 2,401
Asian 26% 22% 25% 21% 5% 1% 415
Latino 19% 19% 36% 21% 5% < 1% 2,215
Other/Mixed 18% 17% 28% 29% 7% < 1% 818

Gender composition among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Racial and ethnic composition Men Women Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 48% 52% 12,965
Black 44% 56% 2,460
Asian 53% 47% 430
Latino 48% 52% 2,252
Other/Mixed 44% 56% 834

Immigrant status among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Racial and ethnic composition Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 3% 6% 91% 12,848
Black 10% 5% 85% 2,408
Asian 69% 25% 6% 416
Latino 55% 22% 24% 2,205
Other/Mixed 7% 8% 85% 812

Income distribution among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Racial and ethnic composition Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 11,304. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 30% 21% 30% 18% 11,304
Black 52% 22% 18% 8% 2,194
Asian 31% 18% 31% 19% 363
Latino 58% 20% 15% 7% 1,911
Other/Mixed 45% 24% 19% 12% 738

Educational distribution among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who have completed…

Racial and ethnic composition High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,914. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 42% 34% 16% 8% 12,914
Black 49% 34% 11% 6% 2,445
Asian 26% 26% 30% 18% 427
Latino 63% 26% 8% 3% 2,236
Other/Mixed 40% 42% 12% 7% 829

Marital status among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Racial and ethnic composition Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,927. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 57% 5% 12% 8% 18% 12,927
Black 30% 6% 17% 8% 39% 2,451
Asian 47% 4% 7% 3% 39% 429
Latino 41% 11% 15% 3% 30% 2,243
Other/Mixed 39% 7% 15% 5% 33% 834

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Racial and ethnic composition Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,929. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 28% 72% 12,929
Black 32% 68% 2,451
Asian 31% 69% 427
Latino 43% 57% 2,243
Other/Mixed 31% 69% 834

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they…

Racial and ethnic composition Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 80% 16% 2% 1% 1% 1% 12,965
Black 89% 9% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 2,460
Asian 62% 22% 10% 2% 4% < 1% 430
Latino 67% 27% 4% 1% 1% 1% 2,252
Other/Mixed 81% 15% 2% < 1% < 1% 1% 834

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who say religion is…

Racial and ethnic composition Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 66% 26% 6% 2% < 1% 12,965
Black 82% 13% 3% 2% < 1% 2,460
Asian 55% 31% 11% 3% < 1% 430
Latino 69% 24% 3% 3% 1% 2,252
Other/Mixed 69% 23% 4% 3% 1% 834

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Racial and ethnic composition At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 46% 33% 20% 1% 12,965
Black 52% 35% 13% < 1% 2,460
Asian 38% 44% 18% < 1% 430
Latino 47% 34% 19% < 1% 2,252
Other/Mixed 43% 34% 22% < 1% 834

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who pray…

Racial and ethnic composition At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 67% 17% 5% 10% 1% 12,965
Black 77% 13% 4% 5% 1% 2,460
Asian 56% 18% 7% 19% < 1% 430
Latino 65% 18% 6% 10% 1% 2,252
Other/Mixed 72% 15% 4% 8% 1% 834

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Racial and ethnic composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 30% 10% 10% 49% < 1% 12,965
Black 44% 15% 8% 32% 1% 2,460
Asian 25% 13% 16% 46% < 1% 430
Latino 32% 15% 10% 43% 1% 2,252
Other/Mixed 33% 9% 10% 48% < 1% 834

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who meditate…

Racial and ethnic composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 39% 7% 3% 49% 2% 12,965
Black 54% 8% 3% 33% 2% 2,460
Asian 37% 12% 5% 44% 2% 430
Latino 51% 9% 5% 32% 2% 2,252
Other/Mixed 47% 8% 3% 41% 1% 834

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Racial and ethnic composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 64% 15% 9% 11% 1% 12,965
Black 72% 12% 6% 9% 1% 2,460
Asian 54% 16% 15% 14% 2% 430
Latino 65% 15% 9% 10% 1% 2,252
Other/Mixed 70% 12% 5% 11% 1% 834

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Racial and ethnic composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 42% 17% 13% 27% 2% 12,965
Black 43% 15% 10% 30% 2% 2,460
Asian 37% 19% 19% 24% 1% 430
Latino 50% 14% 14% 21% 2% 2,252
Other/Mixed 49% 15% 11% 25% 1% 834

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Racial and ethnic composition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 46% 6% 41% 4% 2% 12,965
Black 48% 6% 40% 4% 2% 2,460
Asian 33% 13% 40% 12% 2% 430
Latino 42% 9% 36% 11% 2% 2,252
Other/Mixed 43% 7% 41% 5% 3% 834

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Racial and ethnic composition There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 45% 53% 1% 1% 12,965
Black 30% 68% 1% 1% 2,460
Asian 27% 72% 1% < 1% 430
Latino 30% 66% 2% 2% 2,252
Other/Mixed 34% 64% 1% 1% 834

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who read scripture…

Racial and ethnic composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 44% 11% 9% 35% 1% 12,965
Black 59% 13% 7% 19% 1% 2,460
Asian 30% 14% 11% 44% < 1% 430
Latino 45% 13% 10% 31% 1% 2,252
Other/Mixed 50% 10% 8% 30% 1% 834

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Racial and ethnic composition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 40% 36% 3% 15% 6% 12,965
Black 59% 23% 3% 10% 6% 2,460
Asian 32% 31% 3% 27% 7% 430
Latino 48% 27% 3% 17% 5% 2,252
Other/Mixed 40% 32% 4% 17% 7% 834

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who …in heaven

Racial and ethnic composition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 95% 2% 3% 12,965
Black 97% 2% 1% 2,460
Asian 94% 4% 3% 430
Latino 95% 3% 2% 2,252
Other/Mixed 94% 2% 4% 834

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Racial and ethnic composition Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 58% 15% 27% 12,965
Black 10% 11% 79% 2,460
Asian 35% 23% 42% 430
Latino 26% 26% 48% 2,252
Other/Mixed 30% 25% 45% 834

Political ideology among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Racial and ethnic composition Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 51% 31% 12% 5% 12,965
Black 33% 34% 25% 7% 2,460
Asian 30% 37% 27% 6% 430
Latino 36% 31% 26% 6% 2,252
Other/Mixed 37% 34% 21% 8% 834

Views about size of government among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who would rather have…

Racial and ethnic composition Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 68% 26% 2% 3% 12,965
Black 23% 71% 3% 3% 2,460
Asian 39% 59% 2% 1% 430
Latino 27% 67% 3% 3% 2,252
Other/Mixed 46% 45% 3% 6% 834

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Racial and ethnic composition Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 58% 37% 4% 2% 12,965
Black 28% 66% 4% 2% 2,460
Asian 45% 51% 2% 2% 430
Latino 41% 52% 4% 2% 2,252
Other/Mixed 39% 53% 5% 3% 834

Views about abortion among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Racial and ethnic composition Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 40% 56% 3% 12,965
Black 50% 44% 6% 2,460
Asian 51% 46% 3% 430
Latino 39% 56% 4% 2,252
Other/Mixed 50% 46% 5% 834

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Racial and ethnic composition Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 49% 44% 4% 3% 12,965
Black 49% 43% 5% 3% 2,460
Asian 59% 35% 2% 3% 430
Latino 61% 31% 5% 3% 2,252
Other/Mixed 53% 37% 5% 5% 834

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Racial and ethnic composition Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 39% 54% 7% 12,965
Black 38% 54% 8% 2,460
Asian 52% 43% 5% 430
Latino 48% 43% 9% 2,252
Other/Mixed 45% 47% 8% 834

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Racial and ethnic composition Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 48% 47% 2% 3% 12,965
Black 35% 60% 2% 3% 2,460
Asian 38% 60% 1% 1% 430
Latino 38% 55% 2% 4% 2,252
Other/Mixed 40% 54% 2% 3% 834

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in Hell by race/ethnicity

% of adults who believe in Hell who say humans…

Racial and ethnic composition Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 12,965. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 18% 30% 3% 45% 4% 12,965
Black 16% 31% 3% 46% 4% 2,460
Asian 32% 25% 2% 38% 3% 430
Latino 25% 28% 3% 39% 5% 2,252
Other/Mixed 18% 31% 4% 43% 4% 834