Belief in Hell among adults in the Midwest

% of adults in the Midwest who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,491. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 60% 32% 8% 7,491
2007 62% 27% 11% 9,078

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among adults in the Midwest by religious group

% of adults in the Midwest who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 65% 27% 8% 1,634
Evangelical Protestant 82% 11% 7% 1,937
Historically Black Protestant 82% 11% 7% 335
Mainline Protestant 63% 27% 10% 1,637
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 30% 62% 8% 1,455

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 4,326. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 20% 34% 29% 17% 4,326
Don't believe 25% 32% 25% 17% 2,394
Other/don't know 16% 32% 26% 27% 637

Generational cohort among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 4,326. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 13% 14% 27% 33% 11% 1% 4,326
Don't believe 17% 15% 26% 30% 11% 1% 2,394
Other/don't know 10% 12% 26% 33% 17% 3% 637

Gender composition among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 53% 4,397
Don't believe 52% 48% 2,432
Other/don't know 48% 52% 662

Racial and ethnic composition among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 4,350. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 79% 11% 1% 6% 3% 4,350
Don't believe 82% 6% 2% 6% 3% 2,397
Other/don't know 79% 8% 2% 7% 4% 637

Immigrant status among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 4,357. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 6% 6% 88% 4,357
Don't believe 8% 9% 83% 2,412
Other/don't know 9% 9% 82% 649

Income distribution among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 3,871. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 36% 22% 28% 14% 3,871
Don't believe 30% 21% 29% 20% 2,176
Other/don't know 38% 18% 28% 16% 533

Educational distribution among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 4,375. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 34% 14% 7% 4,375
Don't believe 34% 32% 21% 14% 2,425
Other/don't know 38% 31% 19% 12% 658

Marital status among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 4,381. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 51% 6% 12% 7% 24% 4,381
Don't believe 47% 8% 12% 5% 28% 2,423
Other/don't know 50% 7% 11% 10% 22% 653

Parent of children under 18 among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 4,381. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 32% 68% 4,381
Don't believe 25% 75% 2,430
Other/don't know 24% 76% 658

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 78% 18% 3% < 1% 1% < 1% 4,397
Don't believe 36% 27% 9% < 1% 25% 4% 2,432
Other/don't know 60% 20% 6% 3% 3% 8% 662

Importance of religion in one's life among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 64% 27% 6% 2% < 1% 4,397
Don't believe 27% 27% 20% 26% 1% 2,432
Other/don't know 51% 26% 13% 8% 3% 662

Attendance at religious services among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 35% 20% 1% 4,397
Don't believe 17% 33% 50% < 1% 2,432
Other/don't know 34% 34% 31% 2% 662

Frequency of prayer among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 64% 20% 6% 10% 1% 4,397
Don't believe 30% 16% 7% 46% 1% 2,432
Other/don't know 56% 14% 5% 22% 3% 662

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 11% 10% 50% 1% 4,397
Don't believe 9% 5% 6% 80% < 1% 2,432
Other/don't know 21% 7% 8% 62% 2% 662

Frequency of meditation among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 7% 4% 50% 1% 4,397
Don't believe 32% 9% 5% 53% 1% 2,432
Other/don't know 43% 7% 6% 39% 4% 662

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 62% 16% 10% 12% 1% 4,397
Don't believe 46% 16% 10% 26% 1% 2,432
Other/don't know 54% 14% 8% 19% 4% 662

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 17% 14% 27% 2% 4,397
Don't believe 46% 17% 13% 24% 1% 2,432
Other/don't know 46% 16% 13% 20% 4% 662

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 7% 43% 5% 2% 4,397
Don't believe 13% 16% 55% 14% 2% 2,432
Other/don't know 29% 9% 46% 7% 8% 662

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 59% 1% 1% 4,397
Don't believe 22% 77% 1% < 1% 2,432
Other/don't know 31% 65% 3% 2% 662

Frequency of reading scripture among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 12% 10% 37% 1% 4,397
Don't believe 15% 7% 8% 70% 1% 2,432
Other/don't know 31% 11% 8% 47% 2% 662

Interpreting scripture among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 37% 3% 15% 5% 4,397
Don't believe 9% 20% 1% 62% 7% 2,432
Other/don't know 25% 22% 5% 31% 17% 662

Belief in Heaven among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 95% 3% 3% 4,397
Don't believe 43% 53% 5% 2,432
Other/don't know 49% 2% 49% 662

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 16% 37% 4,397
Don't believe 26% 21% 53% 2,432
Other/don't know 36% 23% 41% 662

Political ideology among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 31% 17% 6% 4,397
Don't believe 23% 36% 35% 7% 2,432
Other/don't know 37% 34% 20% 9% 662

Views about size of government among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 34% 2% 3% 4,397
Don't believe 53% 40% 3% 4% 2,432
Other/don't know 53% 30% 9% 8% 662

Views about government aid to the poor among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 53% 43% 3% 2% 4,397
Don't believe 38% 58% 3% 1% 2,432
Other/don't know 39% 48% 9% 4% 662

Views about abortion among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 57% 3% 4,397
Don't believe 72% 25% 3% 2,432
Other/don't know 50% 42% 9% 662

Views about homosexuality among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 41% 4% 3% 4,397
Don't believe 79% 15% 3% 2% 2,432
Other/don't know 56% 29% 8% 8% 662

Views about same-sex marriage among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 51% 7% 4,397
Don't believe 74% 19% 6% 2,432
Other/don't know 48% 39% 13% 662

Views about environmental regulation among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 50% 2% 3% 4,397
Don't believe 29% 66% 2% 2% 2,432
Other/don't know 40% 48% 5% 8% 662

Views about human evolution among adults in the Midwest by belief in hell

% of adults in the Midwest who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,397. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 20% 29% 3% 44% 4% 4,397
Don't believe 55% 19% 3% 19% 3% 2,432
Other/don't know 29% 24% 11% 27% 9% 662