Belief in Heaven among adults in the West

% of adults in the West who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 65% 27% 8% 8,498
2007 66% 23% 11% 7,279

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Heaven among adults in the West by religious group

% of adults in the West who …in heaven

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 113. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 51% 43% 6% 113
Catholic 84% 11% 6% 1,660
Evangelical Protestant 87% 6% 7% 1,819
Historically Black Protestant 89% 7% 4% 143
Jewish 32% 61% 7% 181
Mainline Protestant 75% 16% 9% 1,141
Mormon 94% 3% 3% 480
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 31% 59% 10% 2,388

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who are ages…

Belief in Heaven 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 5,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 23% 35% 26% 17% 5,154
Don't believe 26% 36% 23% 15% 2,464
Other/don't know 18% 30% 30% 21% 708

Generational cohort among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who are…

Belief in Heaven Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 5,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 15% 14% 29% 30% 11% 1% 5,154
Don't believe 15% 19% 29% 27% 10% 1% 2,464
Other/don't know 10% 13% 25% 37% 14% 1% 708

Gender composition among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who are…

Belief in Heaven Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 54% 5,262
Don't believe 57% 43% 2,497
Other/don't know 50% 50% 739

Racial and ethnic composition among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who identify as…

Belief in Heaven White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 5,190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 5% 8% 30% 5% 5,190
Don't believe 64% 3% 12% 17% 4% 2,455
Other/don't know 61% 3% 7% 23% 6% 711

Immigrant status among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who are…

Belief in Heaven Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 5,185. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 24% 13% 62% 5,185
Don't believe 21% 15% 64% 2,480
Other/don't know 20% 12% 69% 722

Income distribution among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who have a household income of…

Belief in Heaven Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 4,612. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 21% 24% 17% 4,612
Don't believe 24% 20% 28% 28% 2,256
Other/don't know 36% 20% 22% 22% 603

Educational distribution among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who have completed…

Belief in Heaven High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 5,239. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 35% 15% 8% 5,239
Don't believe 27% 31% 24% 17% 2,483
Other/don't know 37% 35% 18% 10% 727

Marital status among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who are…

Belief in Heaven Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 5,242. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 48% 8% 13% 6% 24% 5,242
Don't believe 45% 12% 12% 4% 27% 2,486
Other/don't know 48% 7% 13% 6% 26% 728

Parent of children under 18 among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who are…

Belief in Heaven Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 5,240. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 32% 68% 5,240
Don't believe 24% 76% 2,490
Other/don't know 25% 75% 730

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who say they…

Belief in Heaven Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 71% 22% 4% 1% 1% 1% 5,262
Don't believe 21% 20% 14% 1% 40% 5% 2,497
Other/don't know 48% 26% 9% 1% 5% 10% 739

Importance of religion in one's life among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who say religion is…

Belief in Heaven Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 61% 27% 8% 3% 1% 5,262
Don't believe 16% 18% 24% 41% 1% 2,497
Other/don't know 37% 29% 19% 12% 2% 739

Attendance at religious services among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who attend religious services…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 36% 22% < 1% 5,262
Don't believe 10% 26% 63% < 1% 2,497
Other/don't know 26% 27% 45% 1% 739

Frequency of prayer among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who pray…

Belief in Heaven At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 64% 16% 6% 13% < 1% 5,262
Don't believe 20% 9% 6% 64% 1% 2,497
Other/don't know 45% 16% 7% 30% 3% 739

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who attend prayer group…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 29% 11% 9% 50% < 1% 5,262
Don't believe 8% 3% 5% 84% < 1% 2,497
Other/don't know 19% 6% 6% 66% 3% 739

Frequency of meditation among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who meditate…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 9% 4% 41% 2% 5,262
Don't believe 32% 11% 5% 51% 1% 2,497
Other/don't know 41% 8% 4% 43% 4% 739

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 63% 15% 10% 11% 1% 5,262
Don't believe 44% 16% 10% 28% 1% 2,497
Other/don't know 56% 10% 11% 20% 3% 739

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 15% 13% 23% 1% 5,262
Don't believe 51% 17% 14% 17% 1% 2,497
Other/don't know 52% 14% 10% 21% 3% 739

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Heaven Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 9% 42% 7% 3% 5,262
Don't believe 8% 21% 49% 20% 2% 2,497
Other/don't know 21% 17% 48% 8% 6% 739

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who say…

Belief in Heaven There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 60% 2% 2% 5,262
Don't believe 22% 76% 1% 1% 2,497
Other/don't know 29% 64% 4% 3% 739

Frequency of reading scripture among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who read scripture…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 11% 9% 38% 1% 5,262
Don't believe 11% 5% 6% 77% < 1% 2,497
Other/don't know 23% 10% 8% 57% 2% 739

Interpreting scripture among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Heaven Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 35% 35% 3% 21% 7% 5,262
Don't believe 5% 7% 1% 81% 6% 2,497
Other/don't know 16% 12% 4% 48% 20% 739

Belief in Hell among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who …in hell

Belief in Heaven Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 73% 21% 6% 5,262
Don't believe 5% 94% 1% 2,497
Other/don't know 16% 28% 56% 739

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who identify as…

Belief in Heaven Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 20% 39% 5,262
Don't believe 21% 18% 61% 2,497
Other/don't know 29% 28% 43% 739

Political ideology among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who are…

Belief in Heaven Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 34% 20% 6% 5,262
Don't believe 16% 33% 46% 5% 2,497
Other/don't know 29% 34% 24% 13% 739

Views about size of government among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who would rather have…

Belief in Heaven Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 43% 3% 3% 5,262
Don't believe 46% 47% 4% 3% 2,497
Other/don't know 48% 37% 7% 8% 739

Views about government aid to the poor among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Heaven Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 48% 4% 2% 5,262
Don't believe 30% 66% 3% 2% 2,497
Other/don't know 40% 47% 7% 6% 739

Views about abortion among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who say abortion should be…

Belief in Heaven Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 49% 4% 5,262
Don't believe 80% 16% 4% 2,497
Other/don't know 58% 34% 8% 739

Views about homosexuality among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who say homosexuality…

Belief in Heaven Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 59% 33% 4% 3% 5,262
Don't believe 84% 12% 2% 2% 2,497
Other/don't know 67% 19% 5% 9% 739

Views about same-sex marriage among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Heaven Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 42% 7% 5,262
Don't believe 82% 14% 4% 2,497
Other/don't know 56% 30% 14% 739

Views about environmental regulation among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who say…

Belief in Heaven Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 52% 3% 4% 5,262
Don't believe 21% 75% 2% 2% 2,497
Other/don't know 36% 53% 5% 7% 739

Views about human evolution among adults in the West by belief in heaven

% of adults in the West who say humans…

Belief in Heaven Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 24% 29% 4% 38% 5% 5,262
Don't believe 72% 10% 4% 13% 2% 2,497
Other/don't know 41% 16% 11% 24% 9% 739