Belief in Hell among adults in the West

% of adults in the West who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 50% 41% 9% 8,498
2007 50% 38% 12% 7,279

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among adults in the West by religious group

% of adults in the West who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 113. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 40% 55% 5% 113
Catholic 65% 28% 7% 1,660
Evangelical Protestant 77% 14% 9% 1,819
Historically Black Protestant 82% 15% 3% 143
Jewish 16% 79% 5% 181
Mainline Protestant 53% 35% 12% 1,141
Mormon 60% 31% 9% 480
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 21% 70% 9% 2,388

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 3,866. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 23% 37% 25% 15% 3,866
Don't believe 24% 34% 24% 17% 3,719
Other/don't know 16% 30% 33% 21% 741

Generational cohort among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 3,866. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 15% 15% 30% 29% 10% 1% 3,866
Don't believe 15% 16% 28% 29% 11% 1% 3,719
Other/don't know 9% 12% 25% 39% 14% 1% 741

Gender composition among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 51% 3,940
Don't believe 50% 50% 3,788
Other/don't know 47% 53% 770

Racial and ethnic composition among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 3,890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 6% 8% 31% 5% 3,890
Don't believe 63% 3% 10% 20% 5% 3,724
Other/don't know 59% 3% 9% 23% 6% 742

Immigrant status among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 3,878. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 25% 13% 62% 3,878
Don't believe 21% 15% 64% 3,759
Other/don't know 20% 12% 68% 750

Income distribution among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 3,449. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 20% 25% 16% 3,449
Don't believe 28% 21% 26% 25% 3,404
Other/don't know 38% 19% 20% 23% 618

Educational distribution among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 3,920. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 35% 14% 7% 3,920
Don't believe 30% 33% 22% 16% 3,769
Other/don't know 38% 33% 19% 11% 760

Marital status among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 3,928. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 8% 13% 6% 25% 3,928
Don't believe 46% 11% 13% 5% 25% 3,770
Other/don't know 47% 8% 14% 8% 24% 758

Parent of children under 18 among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 3,923. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 66% 3,923
Don't believe 25% 75% 3,774
Other/don't know 24% 76% 763

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 74% 20% 4% 1% 1% 1% 3,940
Don't believe 35% 23% 11% 1% 26% 3% 3,788
Other/don't know 55% 25% 7% 1% 5% 7% 770

Importance of religion in one's life among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 64% 26% 7% 2% 1% 3,940
Don't believe 27% 24% 20% 29% 1% 3,788
Other/don't know 47% 27% 15% 8% 2% 770

Attendance at religious services among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 36% 20% < 1% 3,940
Don't believe 19% 30% 51% < 1% 3,788
Other/don't know 30% 31% 38% 1% 770

Frequency of prayer among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 66% 16% 6% 12% < 1% 3,940
Don't believe 34% 12% 7% 48% < 1% 3,788
Other/don't know 49% 18% 5% 24% 3% 770

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 30% 13% 10% 47% < 1% 3,940
Don't believe 14% 5% 6% 75% < 1% 3,788
Other/don't know 21% 6% 8% 64% 2% 770

Frequency of meditation among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 9% 4% 41% 2% 3,940
Don't believe 37% 11% 5% 47% 1% 3,788
Other/don't know 37% 9% 7% 42% 5% 770

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 65% 15% 9% 11% 1% 3,940
Don't believe 50% 15% 11% 22% 2% 3,788
Other/don't know 55% 12% 11% 18% 3% 770

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 15% 13% 23% 1% 3,940
Don't believe 51% 16% 14% 19% 1% 3,788
Other/don't know 47% 15% 11% 22% 4% 770

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 7% 40% 7% 2% 3,940
Don't believe 13% 19% 49% 16% 2% 3,788
Other/don't know 27% 13% 46% 8% 7% 770

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 56% 2% 2% 3,940
Don't believe 23% 75% 1% 1% 3,788
Other/don't know 29% 63% 4% 3% 770

Frequency of reading scripture among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 12% 9% 35% 1% 3,940
Don't believe 18% 7% 7% 67% 1% 3,788
Other/don't know 30% 8% 9% 50% 2% 770

Interpreting scripture among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 34% 3% 17% 6% 3,940
Don't believe 10% 16% 1% 66% 7% 3,788
Other/don't know 18% 21% 6% 34% 21% 770

Belief in Heaven among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 95% 3% 3% 3,940
Don't believe 34% 61% 5% 3,788
Other/don't know 45% 4% 52% 770

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 20% 37% 3,940
Don't believe 24% 19% 57% 3,788
Other/don't know 34% 27% 40% 770

Political ideology among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 33% 18% 5% 3,940
Don't believe 20% 34% 40% 6% 3,788
Other/don't know 31% 35% 22% 12% 770

Views about size of government among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 43% 2% 3% 3,940
Don't believe 47% 46% 4% 3% 3,788
Other/don't know 50% 36% 7% 6% 770

Views about government aid to the poor among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 45% 3% 2% 3,940
Don't believe 32% 63% 4% 2% 3,788
Other/don't know 40% 47% 7% 7% 770

Views about abortion among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 53% 4% 3,940
Don't believe 74% 22% 4% 3,788
Other/don't know 51% 38% 11% 770

Views about homosexuality among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 56% 36% 4% 4% 3,940
Don't believe 81% 14% 3% 2% 3,788
Other/don't know 62% 22% 7% 9% 770

Views about same-sex marriage among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 47% 7% 3,940
Don't believe 77% 18% 5% 3,788
Other/don't know 52% 33% 15% 770

Views about environmental regulation among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 50% 2% 3% 3,940
Don't believe 25% 69% 2% 3% 3,788
Other/don't know 36% 51% 6% 7% 770

Views about human evolution among adults in the West by belief in hell

% of adults in the West who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,940. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 22% 29% 3% 42% 4% 3,940
Don't believe 59% 16% 5% 17% 3% 3,788
Other/don't know 32% 19% 10% 28% 11% 770