Interpreting scripture among adults in the West

% of adults in the West who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 25% 25% 2% 39% 8% 8,498
2007 25% 27% 3% 34% 11% 7,279

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

Interpreting scripture among adults in the West by religious group

% of adults in the West who say the holy scripture is…

Religious tradition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 113. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 5% 12% 1% 72% 10% 113
Catholic 29% 33% 2% 27% 8% 1,660
Evangelical Protestant 52% 32% 3% 8% 5% 1,819
Historically Black Protestant 43% 30% 4% 12% 10% 143
Jewish 9% 21% 1% 67% 2% 181
Mainline Protestant 20% 33% 3% 33% 11% 1,141
Mormon 33% 54% 5% 5% 3% 480
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 5% 9% 1% 76% 8% 2,388

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who are ages…

Interpreting scripture 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,898. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 18% 36% 27% 20% 1,898
Word of God; not everything taken literally 23% 36% 25% 16% 2,128
Word of God; other/don't know 13% 26% 35% 26% 210
Not the word of God 28% 35% 24% 14% 3,448
Other/don't know 20% 33% 27% 20% 642

Generational cohort among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who are…

Interpreting scripture Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,898. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 11% 13% 31% 32% 13% 1% 1,898
Word of God; not everything taken literally 16% 14% 29% 30% 11% 1% 2,128
Word of God; other/don't know 7% 11% 21% 42% 17% 2% 210
Not the word of God 17% 18% 27% 28% 8% 1% 3,448
Other/don't know 9% 16% 28% 31% 15% 1% 642

Gender composition among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who are…

Interpreting scripture Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 41% 59% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 46% 54% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 48% 52% 224
Not the word of God 56% 44% 3,500
Other/don't know 51% 49% 672

Racial and ethnic composition among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who identify as…

Interpreting scripture White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,913. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 44% 7% 7% 38% 5% 1,913
Word of God; not everything taken literally 59% 4% 7% 24% 5% 2,141
Word of God; other/don't know 51% 5% 4% 33% 7% 214
Not the word of God 62% 3% 11% 19% 4% 3,440
Other/don't know 55% 5% 11% 23% 6% 648

Immigrant status among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who are…

Interpreting scripture Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,902. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 32% 11% 57% 1,902
Word of God; not everything taken literally 20% 13% 66% 2,143
Word of God; other/don't know 28% 8% 63% 214
Not the word of God 19% 16% 65% 3,466
Other/don't know 23% 13% 65% 662

Income distribution among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who have a household income of…

Interpreting scripture Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,655. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 48% 22% 19% 11% 1,655
Word of God; not everything taken literally 31% 20% 28% 21% 1,934
Word of God; other/don't know 31% 27% 28% 14% 165
Not the word of God 26% 20% 28% 27% 3,170
Other/don't know 39% 20% 22% 19% 547

Educational distribution among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who have completed…

Interpreting scripture High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,924. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 52% 32% 11% 5% 1,924
Word of God; not everything taken literally 37% 35% 18% 10% 2,161
Word of God; other/don't know 42% 35% 15% 8% 216
Not the word of God 29% 33% 22% 15% 3,481
Other/don't know 38% 37% 14% 10% 667

Marital status among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who are…

Interpreting scripture Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,926. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 53% 7% 14% 7% 19% 1,926
Word of God; not everything taken literally 50% 8% 13% 5% 25% 2,162
Word of God; other/don't know 53% 3% 12% 8% 23% 220
Not the word of God 43% 12% 12% 4% 29% 3,485
Other/don't know 42% 9% 16% 9% 24% 663

Parent of children under 18 among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who are…

Interpreting scripture Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,929. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 34% 66% 1,929
Word of God; not everything taken literally 32% 68% 2,160
Word of God; other/don't know 23% 77% 220
Not the word of God 24% 76% 3,486
Other/don't know 28% 72% 665

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who say they…

Interpreting scripture Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 84% 13% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 75% 21% 3% < 1% < 1% < 1% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 80% 13% 1% 4% 1% 1% 224
Not the word of God 25% 27% 15% 1% 28% 4% 3,500
Other/don't know 53% 27% 6% 2% 7% 6% 672

Importance of religion in one's life among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who say religion is…

Interpreting scripture Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 84% 13% 2% 1% 1% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 61% 30% 7% 1% 1% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 80% 16% 2% 1% 1% 224
Not the word of God 14% 28% 25% 32% 1% 3,500
Other/don't know 38% 35% 14% 10% 3% 672

Attendance at religious services among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who attend religious services…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 59% 28% 12% 1% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 44% 37% 18% < 1% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 59% 22% 17% 2% 224
Not the word of God 8% 32% 60% < 1% 3,500
Other/don't know 18% 43% 38% 2% 672

Frequency of prayer among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who pray…

Interpreting scripture At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 81% 11% 3% 5% 1% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 65% 18% 6% 10% < 1% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 74% 10% 4% 10% 2% 224
Not the word of God 22% 14% 8% 56% < 1% 3,500
Other/don't know 48% 14% 9% 26% 3% 672

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who attend prayer group…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 46% 15% 9% 30% 1% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 29% 12% 10% 50% < 1% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 45% 9% 10% 34% 3% 224
Not the word of God 5% 3% 5% 86% < 1% 3,500
Other/don't know 12% 8% 8% 69% 3% 672

Frequency of meditation among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who meditate…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 56% 7% 3% 31% 3% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 43% 9% 5% 42% 1% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 52% 6% 2% 35% 6% 224
Not the word of God 30% 11% 5% 52% 1% 3,500
Other/don't know 34% 10% 4% 48% 3% 672

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 75% 11% 6% 6% 1% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 62% 16% 9% 12% 1% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 74% 7% 11% 5% 4% 224
Not the word of God 44% 16% 13% 26% 1% 3,500
Other/don't know 52% 15% 10% 20% 4% 672

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 51% 14% 11% 21% 2% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 45% 18% 14% 23% 1% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 43% 11% 13% 26% 7% 224
Not the word of God 49% 17% 15% 19% 1% 3,500
Other/don't know 48% 13% 11% 25% 3% 672

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Interpreting scripture Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 60% 4% 28% 6% 2% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 39% 9% 43% 6% 3% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 50% 1% 28% 5% 16% 224
Not the word of God 6% 20% 55% 18% 2% 3,500
Other/don't know 20% 14% 51% 7% 7% 672

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who say…

Interpreting scripture There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 46% 50% 2% 2% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 39% 58% 1% 1% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 46% 45% 4% 5% 224
Not the word of God 20% 78% 1% 1% 3,500
Other/don't know 24% 70% 4% 2% 672

Frequency of reading scripture among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who read scripture…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 61% 12% 7% 20% 1% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 41% 13% 10% 37% < 1% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 58% 9% 7% 23% 3% 224
Not the word of God 8% 6% 8% 78% < 1% 3,500
Other/don't know 22% 10% 8% 58% 2% 672

Belief in Heaven among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who …in heaven

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 89% 6% 5% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 89% 7% 4% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 78% 9% 13% 224
Not the word of God 34% 56% 10% 3,500
Other/don't know 60% 20% 20% 672

Belief in Hell among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who …in hell

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 78% 16% 6% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 67% 26% 7% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 61% 17% 22% 224
Not the word of God 22% 70% 7% 3,500
Other/don't know 41% 36% 23% 672

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who identify as…

Interpreting scripture Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 44% 23% 33% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 45% 17% 38% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 39% 31% 30% 224
Not the word of God 23% 17% 60% 3,500
Other/don't know 27% 31% 41% 672

Political ideology among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who are…

Interpreting scripture Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 51% 26% 16% 7% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 40% 38% 18% 4% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 42% 28% 14% 17% 224
Not the word of God 16% 36% 43% 5% 3,500
Other/don't know 28% 38% 23% 11% 672

Views about size of government among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who would rather have…

Interpreting scripture Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 47% 48% 2% 2% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 57% 38% 2% 2% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 51% 35% 8% 6% 224
Not the word of God 47% 46% 4% 3% 3,500
Other/don't know 45% 37% 8% 9% 672

Views about government aid to the poor among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who say government aid to the poor…

Interpreting scripture Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 50% 45% 3% 2% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 48% 48% 3% 1% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 44% 45% 5% 6% 224
Not the word of God 32% 63% 4% 1% 3,500
Other/don't know 41% 43% 9% 8% 672

Views about abortion among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who say abortion should be…

Interpreting scripture Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 30% 66% 4% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 48% 49% 3% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 23% 59% 18% 224
Not the word of God 82% 15% 3% 3,500
Other/don't know 58% 28% 14% 672

Views about homosexuality among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who say homosexuality…

Interpreting scripture Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 41% 50% 4% 5% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 61% 31% 4% 3% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 44% 35% 9% 13% 224
Not the word of God 88% 8% 2% 2% 3,500
Other/don't know 68% 16% 9% 7% 672

Views about same-sex marriage among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who …same-sex marriage

Interpreting scripture Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 31% 61% 8% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 53% 40% 7% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 33% 49% 18% 224
Not the word of God 83% 12% 4% 3,500
Other/don't know 60% 26% 14% 672

Views about environmental regulation among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who say…

Interpreting scripture Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 46% 45% 3% 5% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 42% 55% 1% 2% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 44% 32% 5% 19% 224
Not the word of God 24% 72% 2% 2% 3,500
Other/don't know 34% 51% 6% 9% 672

Views about human evolution among adults in the West by interpretation of scripture

% of adults in the West who say humans…

Interpreting scripture Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 13% 23% 2% 57% 4% 1,935
Word of God; not everything taken literally 21% 36% 3% 35% 4% 2,167
Word of God; other/don't know 9% 18% 4% 47% 21% 224
Not the word of God 68% 14% 5% 10% 2% 3,500
Other/don't know 31% 25% 13% 21% 10% 672