Belief in Hell among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 641. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 59% 30% 11% 641
2007 62% 24% 14% 869

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 357. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 14% 28% 31% 27% 357
Don't believe 10% 32% 25% 33% 189

Generational cohort among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 357. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 12% 5% 25% 38% 16% 3% 357
Don't believe 9% 3% 30% 32% 24% 3% 189

Gender composition among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 54% 364
Don't believe 41% 59% 195

Racial and ethnic composition among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 363. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 95% 1% 1% 1% 2% 363
Don't believe 97% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 193

Immigrant status among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 361. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 3% 7% 90% 361
Don't believe 2% 8% 90% 194

Income distribution among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 19% 24% 31% 26% 316
Don't believe 15% 22% 33% 30% 173

Educational distribution among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 361. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 33% 36% 20% 12% 361
Don't believe 25% 32% 23% 20% 194

Marital status among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 62% 2% 9% 8% 18% 364
Don't believe 64% 8% 7% 8% 13% 194

Parent of children under 18 among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 22% 78% 364
Don't believe 31% 69% 195

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 75% 23% 2% < 1% < 1% < 1% 364
Don't believe 52% 39% 4% < 1% 2% 2% 195

Importance of religion in one's life among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 63% 31% 5% 1% < 1% 364
Don't believe 44% 41% 12% 2% 1% 195

Attendance at religious services among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 33% 51% 15% < 1% 364
Don't believe 35% 49% 16% < 1% 195

Frequency of prayer among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 56% 29% 6% 8% < 1% 364
Don't believe 51% 24% 9% 15% 1% 195

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 18% 9% 12% 61% < 1% 364
Don't believe 12% 9% 11% 68% < 1% 195

Frequency of meditation among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 29% 12% 4% 55% < 1% 364
Don't believe 34% 8% 4% 53% 1% 195

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 57% 23% 10% 10% 1% 364
Don't believe 53% 18% 14% 14% < 1% 195

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 22% 14% 24% < 1% 364
Don't believe 50% 18% 9% 21% 1% 195

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 6% 48% 6% 1% 364
Don't believe 17% 11% 62% 7% 3% 195

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 33% 66% 1% < 1% 364
Don't believe 23% 77% 1% < 1% 195

Frequency of reading scripture among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 27% 15% 16% 42% < 1% 364
Don't believe 23% 12% 14% 51% < 1% 195

Interpreting scripture among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 26% 48% 2% 19% 4% 364
Don't believe 7% 32% < 1% 50% 10% 195

Belief in Heaven among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 97% 2% 1% 364
Don't believe 69% 21% 10% 195

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 10% 44% 364
Don't believe 40% 9% 51% 195

Political ideology among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 38% 23% 2% 364
Don't believe 24% 45% 28% 3% 195

Views about size of government among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 66% 31% 2% 1% 364
Don't believe 56% 36% 5% 3% 195

Views about government aid to the poor among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 45% 2% 1% 364
Don't believe 41% 52% 5% 2% 195

Views about abortion among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 62% 37% 1% 364
Don't believe 72% 23% 5% 195

Views about homosexuality among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 69% 28% 2% 1% 364
Don't believe 83% 11% 5% 1% 195

Views about same-sex marriage among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 61% 34% 5% 364
Don't believe 78% 15% 7% 195

Views about environmental regulation among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 64% 1% 1% 364
Don't believe 34% 62% 3% 1% 195

Views about human evolution among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by belief in hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 16% 43% 2% 37% 2% 364
Don't believe 36% 36% 4% 19% 4% 195