DemographicInformation

Age distribution among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 189. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 10% 32% 25% 33% 189
2007 7% 29% 32% 32% 220

Generational cohort among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 189. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 9% 3% 30% 32% 24% 3% 189
2007 < 1% 4% 19% 38% 28% 11% 220

Gender composition among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 59% 195
2007 49% 51% 222

Racial and ethnic composition among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 193. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 97% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 193
2007 97% 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 221

Immigrant status among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 194. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 2% 8% 90% 194
2007 7% 6% 88% 222

Income distribution among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 173. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 15% 22% 33% 30% 173
2007 22% 23% 37% 19% 186

Educational distribution among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 194. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 25% 32% 23% 20% 194

Marital status among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 194. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 64% 8% 7% 8% 13% 194
2007 64% 7% 6% 15% 8% 220

Parent of children under 18 among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 31% 69% 195
2007 25% 75% 222

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 52% 39% 4% < 1% 2% 2% 195
2007 57% 34% 7% < 1% 1% 2% 222

Importance of religion in one's life among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 41% 12% 2% 1% 195
2007 44% 43% 10% 3% < 1% 222

Attendance at religious services among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 35% 49% 16% < 1% 195
2007 37% 49% 15% < 1% 222

Frequency of prayer among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 51% 24% 9% 15% 1% 195
2007 46% 23% 9% 20% 2% 222

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 12% 9% 11% 68% < 1% 195
2007 9% 12% 9% 71% < 1% 222

Frequency of meditation among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 34% 8% 4% 53% 1% 195
2007 36% 8% 7% 47% 2% 222

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 53% 18% 14% 14% < 1% 195
2007 40% 20% 16% 19% 5% 222

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 50% 18% 9% 21% 1% 195
2007 34% 13% 20% 29% 4% 222

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 17% 11% 62% 7% 3% 195
2007 12% 11% 69% 5% 3% 222

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 23% 77% 1% < 1% 195

Frequency of reading scripture among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 23% 12% 14% 51% < 1% 195
2007 15% 14% 11% 58% 2% 222

Interpreting scripture among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 7% 32% < 1% 50% 10% 195
2007 12% 35% 1% 41% 11% 222

Belief in Heaven among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 69% 21% 10% 195
2007 64% 27% 8% 222

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 40% 9% 51% 195
2007 32% 13% 55% 222

Political ideology among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 24% 45% 28% 3% 195
2007 33% 44% 21% 2% 222

Views about size of government among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 56% 36% 5% 3% 195
2007 57% 31% 4% 8% 222

Views about government aid to the poor among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 52% 5% 2% 195

Views about abortion among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 72% 23% 5% 195
2007 76% 17% 7% 222

Views about homosexuality among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 83% 11% 5% 1% 195
2007 67% 21% 7% 5% 222

Views about same-sex marriage among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 78% 15% 7% 195

Views about environmental regulation among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 34% 62% 3% 1% 195
2007 26% 67% 4% 3% 222

Views about human evolution among who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of who do not believe in Hell who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 36% 36% 4% 19% 4% 195