Interpreting scripture among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 641. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 20% 42% 2% 29% 8% 641
2007 23% 46% 3% 20% 9% 869

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are ages…

Interpreting scripture 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 113. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 2% 18% 32% 47% 113
Word of God; not everything taken literally 13% 30% 29% 28% 279
Not the word of God 17% 33% 28% 22% 168

Generational cohort among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Interpreting scripture Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 113. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 1% 2% 18% 38% 31% 10% 113
Word of God; not everything taken literally 12% 3% 27% 37% 19% 2% 279
Not the word of God 12% 9% 29% 35% 14% < 1% 168

Gender composition among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Interpreting scripture Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 33% 67% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 47% 53% 280
Not the word of God 49% 51% 174

Racial and ethnic composition among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who identify as…

Interpreting scripture White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 117. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 90% 3% 3% 4% < 1% 117
Word of God; not everything taken literally 98% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 277
Not the word of God 95% 3% < 1% < 1% 2% 174

Immigrant status among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Interpreting scripture Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 117. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 5% 9% 86% 117
Word of God; not everything taken literally 3% 7% 90% 280
Not the word of God < 1% 8% 91% 173

Income distribution among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who have a household income of…

Interpreting scripture Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; not everything taken literally 18% 21% 34% 27% 241
Not the word of God 13% 19% 32% 35% 155

Educational distribution among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who have completed…

Interpreting scripture High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 53% 34% 5% 8% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 29% 36% 21% 14% 280
Not the word of God 21% 26% 33% 21% 171

Marital status among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Interpreting scripture Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 61% 3% 11% 18% 8% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 62% 4% 9% 9% 16% 279
Not the word of God 60% 6% 9% 2% 23% 173

Parent of children under 18 among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Interpreting scripture Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 15% 85% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 25% 75% 280
Not the word of God 29% 71% 174

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say they…

Interpreting scripture Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 84% 15% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 75% 22% 2% < 1% < 1% 1% 280
Not the word of God 38% 50% 6% < 1% 3% 3% 174

Importance of religion in one's life among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say religion is…

Interpreting scripture Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 85% 10% 5% < 1% < 1% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 66% 30% 3% 1% < 1% 280
Not the word of God 24% 56% 18% 2% 1% 174

Attendance at religious services among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who attend religious services…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 47% 41% 12% < 1% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 39% 50% 12% < 1% 280
Not the word of God 23% 55% 23% < 1% 174

Frequency of prayer among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who pray…

Interpreting scripture At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 70% 24% 4% 2% < 1% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 57% 29% 6% 7% 1% 280
Not the word of God 37% 30% 11% 23% < 1% 174

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who attend prayer group…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 29% 22% 6% 43% < 1% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 16% 7% 17% 60% 1% 280
Not the word of God 6% 4% 8% 82% < 1% 174

Frequency of meditation among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who meditate…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 46% 10% 5% 38% 1% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 28% 10% 4% 56% 1% 280
Not the word of God 24% 14% 5% 56% 1% 174

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 64% 18% 10% 7% 1% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 57% 24% 9% 10% < 1% 280
Not the word of God 50% 21% 15% 14% < 1% 174

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 42% 15% 9% 33% 1% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 45% 23% 11% 21% 1% 280
Not the word of God 41% 25% 16% 18% < 1% 174

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Interpreting scripture Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 54% 2% 38% 5% 1% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 36% 3% 55% 4% 3% 280
Not the word of God 9% 18% 62% 9% 1% 174

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say…

Interpreting scripture There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 38% 62% < 1% < 1% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 31% 67% 2% < 1% 280
Not the word of God 21% 78% 2% < 1% 174

Frequency of reading scripture among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who read scripture…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 51% 15% 9% 25% < 1% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 24% 16% 19% 40% < 1% 280
Not the word of God 13% 11% 14% 62% < 1% 174

Belief in Heaven among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who …in heaven

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 94% 5% 2% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 88% 4% 8% 280
Not the word of God 74% 17% 9% 174

Belief in Hell among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who …in hell

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 79% 11% 10% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 67% 23% 10% 280
Not the word of God 39% 53% 8% 174

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who identify as…

Interpreting scripture Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 41% 12% 46% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 50% 9% 42% 280
Not the word of God 37% 7% 56% 174

Political ideology among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Interpreting scripture Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 45% 42% 12% 1% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 36% 41% 21% 2% 280
Not the word of God 20% 41% 36% 2% 174

Views about size of government among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who would rather have…

Interpreting scripture Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 66% 31% 3% < 1% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 66% 28% 4% 2% 280
Not the word of God 57% 38% 3% 2% 174

Views about government aid to the poor among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say government aid to the poor…

Interpreting scripture Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 54% 45% 1% < 1% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 51% 41% 7% 2% 280
Not the word of God 39% 60% 1% < 1% 174

Views about abortion among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say abortion should be…

Interpreting scripture Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 41% 57% 2% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 62% 36% 2% 280
Not the word of God 81% 16% 3% 174

Views about homosexuality among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say homosexuality…

Interpreting scripture Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 34% 62% 3% 1% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 79% 18% 2% 1% 280
Not the word of God 92% 5% 2% 1% 174

Views about same-sex marriage among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who …same-sex marriage

Interpreting scripture Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 30% 66% 3% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 69% 24% 7% 280
Not the word of God 86% 10% 3% 174

Views about environmental regulation among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say…

Interpreting scripture Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 44% 54% < 1% 1% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 33% 64% 2% 1% 280
Not the word of God 28% 72% < 1% 1% 174

Views about human evolution among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say humans…

Interpreting scripture Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 7% 28% 2% 61% 2% 118
Word of God; not everything taken literally 14% 49% 4% 29% 4% 280
Not the word of God 46% 38% 4% 11% 2% 174