Interpreting scripture among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 40% 41% 4% 11% 4% 459
2007 42% 35% 4% 15% 4% 588

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who are ages…

Interpreting scripture 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 185. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 8% 26% 26% 40% 185
Word of God; not everything taken literally 12% 33% 31% 23% 172

Generational cohort among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who are…

Interpreting scripture Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 185. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 6% 4% 24% 34% 28% 3% 185
Word of God; not everything taken literally 10% 8% 27% 38% 15% 1% 172

Gender composition among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who are…

Interpreting scripture Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 43% 57% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 44% 56% 177

Racial and ethnic composition among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who identify as…

Interpreting scripture White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 188. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 94% 3% < 1% < 1% 3% 188
Word of God; not everything taken literally 96% 1% 1% 2% < 1% 176

Immigrant status among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who are…

Interpreting scripture Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 188. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 1% 5% 95% 188
Word of God; not everything taken literally 2% 7% 91% 177

Income distribution among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who have a household income of…

Interpreting scripture Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 158. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 28% 25% 29% 18% 158
Word of God; not everything taken literally 20% 18% 41% 21% 150

Educational distribution among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who have completed…

Interpreting scripture High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 189. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 41% 30% 23% 6% 189
Word of God; not everything taken literally 35% 38% 13% 14% 176

Marital status among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who are…

Interpreting scripture Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 62% 3% 8% 13% 13% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 56% 6% 10% 11% 17% 176

Parent of children under 18 among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who are…

Interpreting scripture Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 22% 78% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 23% 77% 175

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say they…

Interpreting scripture Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 94% 6% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 77% 23% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 177

Importance of religion in one's life among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say religion is…

Interpreting scripture Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 86% 13% 1% < 1% < 1% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 58% 40% 1% < 1% < 1% 177

Attendance at religious services among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who attend religious services…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 69% 26% 5% < 1% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 35% 45% 20% < 1% 177

Frequency of prayer among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who pray…

Interpreting scripture At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 79% 14% 3% 4% < 1% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 60% 27% 11% 2% < 1% 177

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who attend prayer group…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 38% 19% 7% 34% 2% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 13% 10% 13% 63% 1% 177

Frequency of meditation among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who meditate…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 54% 3% 3% 38% 2% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 29% 6% 6% 57% 2% 177

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 77% 10% 3% 10% 1% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 54% 26% 9% 10% 1% 177

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 41% 19% 7% 31% 3% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 36% 20% 15% 26% 2% 177

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Interpreting scripture Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 59% 8% 29% 1% 3% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 34% 4% 57% 4% 1% 177

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say…

Interpreting scripture There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 51% 46% 2% < 1% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 37% 62% 1% < 1% 177

Frequency of reading scripture among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who read scripture…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 54% 17% 9% 20% < 1% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 23% 17% 13% 48% < 1% 177

Belief in Heaven among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who …in heaven

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 92% 1% 7% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 90% 6% 4% 177

Belief in Hell among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who …in hell

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 87% 6% 7% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 74% 19% 7% 177

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who identify as…

Interpreting scripture Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 65% 10% 25% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 58% 18% 24% 177

Political ideology among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who are…

Interpreting scripture Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 66% 24% 8% 2% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 48% 41% 7% 4% 177

Views about size of government among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who would rather have…

Interpreting scripture Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 76% 19% 1% 3% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 69% 26% 2% 3% 177

Views about government aid to the poor among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say government aid to the poor…

Interpreting scripture Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 69% 26% 2% 3% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 62% 36% 1% < 1% 177

Views about abortion among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say abortion should be…

Interpreting scripture Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 36% 60% 4% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 50% 48% 3% 177

Views about homosexuality among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say homosexuality…

Interpreting scripture Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 39% 56% 3% 2% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 67% 28% 2% 4% 177

Views about same-sex marriage among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who …same-sex marriage

Interpreting scripture Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 30% 65% 5% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 51% 42% 8% 177

Views about environmental regulation among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say…

Interpreting scripture Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 53% 43% 2% 3% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 40% 59% 1% < 1% 177

Views about human evolution among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod by interpretation of scripture

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say humans…

Interpreting scripture Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 190. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 10% 24% 1% 61% 4% 190
Word of God; not everything taken literally 20% 41% 2% 37% 1% 177