Belief in Hell among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 874. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 57% 31% 12% 874
2007 58% 28% 15% 1,186

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 481. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 16% 32% 28% 24% 481
Don't believe 12% 32% 28% 28% 264
Other/don't know 4% 22% 37% 37% 107

Generational cohort among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 481. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 11% 8% 28% 35% 15% 2% 481
Don't believe 9% 6% 29% 34% 20% 2% 264
Other/don't know 2% 3% 21% 44% 26% 4% 107

Gender composition among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 48% 52% 490
Don't believe 43% 57% 273
Other/don't know 43% 57% 111

Racial and ethnic composition among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 485. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 94% 1% 2% 1% 3% 485
Don't believe 96% 2% < 1% 1% 2% 269
Other/don't know 95% 3% 2% < 1% < 1% 107

Immigrant status among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 485. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 3% 7% 90% 485
Don't believe 3% 9% 88% 271
Other/don't know 7% 9% 83% 110

Income distribution among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 425. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 22% 22% 31% 25% 425
Don't believe 22% 19% 32% 27% 243

Educational distribution among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 487. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 32% 18% 11% 487
Don't believe 35% 27% 22% 16% 272
Other/don't know 38% 28% 16% 18% 109

Marital status among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 3% 12% 7% 19% 490
Don't believe 59% 7% 10% 9% 15% 271
Other/don't know 60% 5% 9% 15% 11% 109

Parent of children under 18 among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 26% 74% 490
Don't believe 29% 71% 272
Other/don't know 18% 82% 111

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 71% 25% 2% 1% 1% < 1% 490
Don't believe 47% 41% 5% < 1% 4% 3% 273
Other/don't know 63% 26% 4% 3% < 1% 4% 111

Importance of religion in one's life among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 51% 39% 8% 1% 1% 490
Don't believe 37% 42% 16% 4% < 1% 273
Other/don't know 50% 37% 13% < 1% < 1% 111

Attendance at religious services among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 27% 51% 22% < 1% 490
Don't believe 24% 52% 23% 1% 273
Other/don't know 29% 47% 21% 3% 111

Frequency of prayer among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 31% 7% 12% 1% 490
Don't believe 43% 26% 10% 20% 1% 273
Other/don't know 51% 22% 2% 20% 5% 111

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 14% 8% 10% 68% < 1% 490
Don't believe 9% 8% 9% 74% < 1% 273
Other/don't know 14% 7% 9% 69% 1% 111

Frequency of meditation among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 24% 11% 4% 60% 1% 490
Don't believe 36% 6% 5% 52% 1% 273
Other/don't know 38% 5% 7% 45% 5% 111

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 22% 11% 15% 2% 490
Don't believe 52% 16% 13% 19% 1% 273
Other/don't know 58% 12% 16% 11% 3% 111

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 19% 14% 29% 1% 490
Don't believe 44% 19% 12% 25% 1% 273
Other/don't know 42% 17% 9% 26% 7% 111

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 33% 7% 53% 7% 1% 490
Don't believe 14% 11% 65% 6% 3% 273
Other/don't know 32% 8% 48% 4% 9% 111

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 32% 67% 1% < 1% 490
Don't believe 21% 77% < 1% 1% 273
Other/don't know 26% 68% 4% 2% 111

Frequency of reading scripture among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 22% 13% 15% 50% < 1% 490
Don't believe 16% 9% 18% 56% < 1% 273
Other/don't know 20% 18% 13% 45% 4% 111

Interpreting scripture among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 23% 47% 2% 22% 6% 490
Don't believe 8% 28% < 1% 52% 11% 273
Other/don't know 13% 33% 3% 26% 24% 111

Belief in Heaven among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 96% 3% 1% 490
Don't believe 64% 26% 10% 273
Other/don't know 52% 2% 46% 111

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 13% 40% 490
Don't believe 40% 14% 46% 273
Other/don't know 36% 21% 43% 111

Political ideology among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 37% 22% 3% 490
Don't believe 27% 43% 24% 6% 273
Other/don't know 35% 39% 18% 8% 111

Views about size of government among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 65% 29% 2% 3% 490
Don't believe 58% 33% 6% 4% 273
Other/don't know 65% 17% 11% 7% 111

Views about government aid to the poor among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 44% 3% 1% 490
Don't believe 43% 51% 3% 3% 273
Other/don't know 37% 39% 18% 6% 111

Views about abortion among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 38% 2% 490
Don't believe 72% 24% 4% 273
Other/don't know 67% 27% 6% 111

Views about homosexuality among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 67% 28% 3% 2% 490
Don't believe 81% 13% 4% 2% 273
Other/don't know 63% 23% 10% 5% 111

Views about same-sex marriage among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 35% 7% 490
Don't believe 76% 17% 7% 273
Other/don't know 55% 35% 10% 111

Views about environmental regulation among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 58% 2% 2% 490
Don't believe 34% 60% 2% 4% 273
Other/don't know 30% 63% 4% 3% 111

Views about human evolution among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by belief in hell

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 490. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 21% 40% 2% 34% 3% 490
Don't believe 43% 31% 4% 17% 5% 273
Other/don't know 26% 29% 10% 23% 12% 111