Political ideology among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 874. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 34% 39% 22% 4% 874
2007 36% 42% 17% 5% 1,186

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are ages…

Political ideology 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 307. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 8% 31% 31% 30% 307
Moderate 14% 33% 26% 27% 338
Liberal 18% 29% 33% 19% 178

Generational cohort among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Political ideology Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 307. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 6% 3% 30% 36% 22% 3% 307
Moderate 9% 9% 28% 33% 18% 3% 338
Liberal 13% 9% 25% 40% 11% 1% 178

Gender composition among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Political ideology Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 58% 42% 313
Moderate 44% 56% 347
Liberal 36% 64% 182

Racial and ethnic composition among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who identify as…

Political ideology White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 311. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 96% < 1% 1% 1% 2% 311
Moderate 94% 2% 2% 1% 1% 338
Liberal 93% 2% < 1% 1% 5% 180

Immigrant status among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Political ideology Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 2% 7% 90% 313
Moderate 4% 9% 87% 343
Liberal 3% 7% 90% 181

Income distribution among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who have a household income of…

Political ideology Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 270. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 18% 20% 36% 27% 270
Moderate 23% 22% 30% 25% 296
Liberal 22% 23% 30% 25% 162

Educational distribution among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who have completed…

Political ideology High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 43% 32% 17% 8% 313
Moderate 29% 33% 22% 16% 343
Liberal 36% 26% 21% 17% 182

Marital status among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Political ideology Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 61% 4% 13% 10% 12% 313
Moderate 59% 7% 8% 9% 17% 345
Liberal 55% 2% 14% 5% 23% 182

Parent of children under 18 among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Political ideology Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 22% 78% 312
Moderate 29% 71% 347
Liberal 28% 72% 182

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say they…

Political ideology Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 71% 23% 4% 1% 1% < 1% 313
Moderate 58% 34% 3% 1% 2% 2% 347
Liberal 60% 34% 3% < 1% 2% 1% 182

Importance of religion in one's life among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say religion is…

Political ideology Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 51% 38% 7% 3% 1% 313
Moderate 46% 38% 15% < 1% < 1% 347
Liberal 40% 47% 11% 2% < 1% 182

Attendance at religious services among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who attend religious services…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 26% 50% 24% < 1% 313
Moderate 27% 54% 20% < 1% 347
Liberal 26% 48% 26% < 1% 182

Frequency of prayer among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who pray…

Political ideology At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 51% 28% 6% 15% < 1% 313
Moderate 46% 30% 8% 15% 1% 347
Liberal 46% 28% 9% 16% < 1% 182

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who attend prayer group…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 16% 8% 10% 66% < 1% 313
Moderate 13% 7% 10% 70% < 1% 347
Liberal 8% 9% 9% 74% < 1% 182

Frequency of meditation among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who meditate…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 34% 10% 3% 52% 1% 313
Moderate 26% 8% 7% 59% 1% 347
Liberal 30% 9% 4% 57% 1% 182

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 50% 22% 12% 16% 1% 313
Moderate 53% 15% 14% 17% < 1% 347
Liberal 52% 22% 14% 12% < 1% 182

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 42% 17% 12% 28% 2% 313
Moderate 37% 19% 15% 27% 1% 347
Liberal 43% 21% 10% 26% < 1% 182

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Political ideology Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 35% 6% 55% 4% 1% 313
Moderate 24% 8% 59% 6% 3% 347
Liberal 20% 13% 55% 7% 5% 182

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say…

Political ideology There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 36% 63% < 1% 1% 313
Moderate 27% 69% 2% 1% 347
Liberal 20% 79% 1% < 1% 182

Frequency of reading scripture among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who read scripture…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 24% 12% 17% 46% < 1% 313
Moderate 19% 12% 14% 56% < 1% 347
Liberal 16% 17% 17% 51% < 1% 182

Interpreting scripture among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say the holy scripture is…

Political ideology Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 21% 45% 2% 25% 8% 313
Moderate 18% 39% 2% 34% 8% 347
Liberal 11% 36% < 1% 42% 12% 182

Belief in Heaven among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who …in heaven

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 86% 6% 7% 313
Moderate 78% 12% 9% 347
Liberal 77% 12% 11% 182

Belief in Hell among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who …in hell

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 64% 24% 12% 313
Moderate 54% 34% 12% 347
Liberal 57% 33% 10% 182

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who identify as…

Political ideology Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 78% 10% 13% 313
Moderate 35% 17% 48% 347
Liberal 11% 11% 78% 182

Views about size of government among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who would rather have…

Political ideology Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 85% 11% 2% 2% 313
Moderate 59% 30% 7% 4% 347
Liberal 36% 56% 5% 3% 182

Views about government aid to the poor among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor…

Political ideology Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 70% 24% 4% 2% 313
Moderate 42% 51% 6% 1% 347
Liberal 24% 70% 3% 2% 182

Views about abortion among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say abortion should be…

Political ideology Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 46% 51% 4% 313
Moderate 74% 24% 2% 347
Liberal 78% 20% 2% 182

Views about homosexuality among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say homosexuality…

Political ideology Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 56% 35% 7% 2% 313
Moderate 80% 16% 2% 2% 347
Liberal 79% 16% 5% 1% 182

Views about same-sex marriage among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who …same-sex marriage

Political ideology Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 44% 47% 9% 313
Moderate 72% 22% 6% 347
Liberal 80% 14% 6% 182

Views about environmental regulation among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say…

Political ideology Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 57% 40% 1% 1% 313
Moderate 30% 65% 2% 3% 347
Liberal 13% 84% 2% 1% 182

Views about human evolution among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say humans…

Political ideology Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 313. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 21% 36% 3% 35% 4% 313
Moderate 31% 38% 3% 24% 5% 347
Liberal 37% 37% 4% 18% 3% 182