Political ideology among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 672. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 36% 39% 22% 3% 672
2007 34% 45% 18% 2% 844

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who are ages…

Political ideology 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 219. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 11% 22% 29% 38% 219
Moderate 9% 23% 34% 34% 260
Liberal 10% 27% 29% 33% 157

Generational cohort among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Political ideology Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 219. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 10% 3% 20% 38% 24% 6% 219
Moderate 3% 9% 20% 45% 20% 4% 260
Liberal 10% 5% 22% 40% 21% 1% 157

Gender composition among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Political ideology Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 48% 52% 226
Moderate 41% 59% 271
Liberal 36% 64% 158

Racial and ethnic composition among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who identify as…

Political ideology White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 225. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 90% 3% 5% 2% 1% 225
Moderate 92% 2% 2% 3% 2% 270
Liberal 81% 15% 1% 4% < 1% 156

Immigrant status among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Political ideology Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 9% 4% 88% 226
Moderate 8% 6% 87% 270
Liberal 14% 6% 80% 158

Income distribution among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who have a household income of…

Political ideology Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 192. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 22% 17% 34% 26% 192
Moderate 19% 18% 28% 36% 230
Liberal 20% 10% 37% 33% 143

Educational distribution among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who have completed…

Political ideology High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 33% 33% 25% 10% 226
Moderate 22% 24% 30% 23% 270
Liberal 24% 22% 19% 34% 157

Marital status among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Political ideology Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 61% 2% 14% 11% 12% 226
Moderate 65% 5% 10% 12% 8% 271
Liberal 61% 4% 10% 10% 16% 158

Parent of children under 18 among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Political ideology Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 225. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 17% 83% 225
Moderate 25% 75% 271
Liberal 25% 75% 158

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who say they…

Political ideology Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 69% 25% 2% 2% 1% 1% 226
Moderate 65% 28% 5% < 1% 1% 1% 271
Liberal 55% 33% 8% < 1% 2% 2% 158

Importance of religion in one's life among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who say religion is…

Political ideology Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 58% 31% 9% 1% 1% 226
Moderate 49% 40% 9% 1% < 1% 271
Liberal 53% 28% 18% 1% < 1% 158

Attendance at religious services among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who attend religious services…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 39% 45% 16% < 1% 226
Moderate 30% 50% 20% < 1% 271
Liberal 40% 42% 18% < 1% 158

Frequency of prayer among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who pray…

Political ideology At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 64% 19% 5% 10% 2% 226
Moderate 48% 26% 10% 16% 1% 271
Liberal 49% 26% 9% 15% 1% 158

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who attend prayer group…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 21% 15% 10% 53% < 1% 226
Moderate 14% 12% 8% 65% 1% 271
Liberal 29% 11% 8% 52% < 1% 158

Frequency of meditation among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who meditate…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 34% 5% 1% 57% 3% 226
Moderate 35% 13% 6% 45% 1% 271
Liberal 39% 15% 6% 40% < 1% 158

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 56% 18% 11% 12% 3% 226
Moderate 55% 17% 16% 11% 1% 271
Liberal 63% 13% 13% 11% 1% 158

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 45% 18% 13% 23% 2% 226
Moderate 44% 16% 18% 21% < 1% 271
Liberal 55% 17% 14% 13% 1% 158

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Political ideology Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 37% 9% 45% 4% 6% 226
Moderate 23% 12% 54% 8% 3% 271
Liberal 23% 15% 48% 11% 3% 158

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who say…

Political ideology There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 49% 46% 4% 2% 226
Moderate 27% 71% 1% 1% 271
Liberal 17% 80% 2% 1% 158

Frequency of reading scripture among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who read scripture…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 34% 19% 5% 41% 1% 226
Moderate 24% 16% 12% 47% < 1% 271
Liberal 30% 11% 16% 44% < 1% 158

Interpreting scripture among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who say the holy scripture is…

Political ideology Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 29% 39% 5% 19% 8% 226
Moderate 14% 40% 1% 33% 12% 271
Liberal 12% 36% 1% 38% 13% 158

Belief in Heaven among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who …in heaven

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 84% 9% 7% 226
Moderate 79% 11% 10% 271
Liberal 72% 23% 6% 158

Belief in Hell among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who …in hell

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 68% 22% 10% 226
Moderate 47% 40% 12% 271
Liberal 41% 49% 10% 158

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who identify as…

Political ideology Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 79% 6% 15% 226
Moderate 42% 14% 45% 271
Liberal 6% 9% 85% 158

Views about size of government among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who would rather have…

Political ideology Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 82% 13% 3% 3% 226
Moderate 62% 29% 4% 5% 271
Liberal 22% 72% 2% 4% 158

Views about government aid to the poor among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor…

Political ideology Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 64% 29% 3% 4% 226
Moderate 37% 56% 6% 1% 271
Liberal 16% 82% 1% 1% 158

Views about abortion among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who say abortion should be…

Political ideology Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 47% 46% 7% 226
Moderate 78% 20% 2% 271
Liberal 82% 17% 2% 158

Views about homosexuality among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who say homosexuality…

Political ideology Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 48% 39% 7% 6% 226
Moderate 76% 15% 6% 3% 271
Liberal 87% 9% 1% 2% 158

Views about same-sex marriage among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who …same-sex marriage

Political ideology Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 39% 55% 6% 226
Moderate 68% 23% 8% 271
Liberal 86% 10% 4% 158

Views about environmental regulation among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who say…

Political ideology Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 69% 27% 1% 4% 226
Moderate 29% 65% 4% 2% 271
Liberal 14% 85% 1% 1% 158

Views about human evolution among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition by political ideology

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who say humans…

Political ideology Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 226. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 21% 31% 4% 40% 4% 226
Moderate 35% 33% 8% 20% 4% 271
Liberal 53% 30% 5% 10% 2% 158