Views about size of government among Buddhists

% of Buddhists who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 264. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 40% 51% 3% 6% 264
2007 35% 51% 7% 7% 411

Learn More: Smaller government; fewer services, Bigger government; more services

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who are ages…

Views about size of government 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 31% 33% 19% 18% 100
Bigger government; more services 36% 28% 26% 10% 131

Generational cohort among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who are…

Views about size of government Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 19% 20% 24% 29% 8% < 1% 100
Bigger government; more services 26% 15% 23% 30% 6% < 1% 131

Gender composition among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who are…

Views about size of government Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 69% 31% 102
Bigger government; more services 39% 61% 134

Racial and ethnic composition among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who identify as…

Views about size of government White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 48% 4% 29% 9% 9% 100
Bigger government; more services 40% 2% 37% 15% 6% 134

Immigrant status among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who are…

Views about size of government Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 19% 22% 58% 100
Bigger government; more services 32% 23% 46% 134

Income distribution among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who have a household income of…

Views about size of government Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Bigger government; more services 35% 18% 36% 11% 119

Educational distribution among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who have completed…

Views about size of government High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 101. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 23% 34% 22% 21% 101
Bigger government; more services 20% 30% 33% 17% 133

Marital status among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who are…

Views about size of government Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 101. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 44% 7% 12% 2% 35% 101
Bigger government; more services 36% 13% 9% 2% 40% 134

Parent of children under 18 among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who are…

Views about size of government Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 101. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 16% 84% 101
Bigger government; more services 26% 74% 134

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who say they…

Views about size of government Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 23% 38% 16% 2% 18% 4% 102
Bigger government; more services 33% 24% 6% < 1% 34% 3% 134

Importance of religion in one's life among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who say religion is…

Views about size of government Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 35% 45% 13% 6% 2% 102
Bigger government; more services 34% 33% 16% 14% 3% 134

Attendance at religious services among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who attend religious services…

Views about size of government At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 11% 49% 39% < 1% 102
Bigger government; more services 23% 51% 25% 1% 134

Frequency of prayer among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who pray…

Views about size of government At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 39% 13% 11% 37% < 1% 102
Bigger government; more services 46% 18% 10% 25% 1% 134

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who attend prayer group…

Views about size of government At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 10% 7% 13% 70% < 1% 102
Bigger government; more services 17% 17% 14% 50% 1% 134

Frequency of meditation among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who meditate…

Views about size of government At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 59% 7% 4% 30% < 1% 102
Bigger government; more services 70% 6% 9% 15% < 1% 134

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Views about size of government At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 55% 13% 15% 15% 1% 102
Bigger government; more services 60% 17% 14% 9% 1% 134

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Views about size of government At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 58% 7% 15% 19% 1% 102
Bigger government; more services 51% 19% 17% 14% < 1% 134

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Views about size of government Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 2% 30% 46% 15% 6% 102
Bigger government; more services 12% 27% 45% 14% 2% 134

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who say…

Views about size of government There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 24% 68% 8% < 1% 102
Bigger government; more services 23% 77% < 1% < 1% 134

Frequency of reading scripture among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who read scripture…

Views about size of government At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 20% 8% 11% 61% < 1% 102
Bigger government; more services 34% 11% 9% 45% 1% 134

Interpreting scripture among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who say the holy scripture is…

Views about size of government Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 3% 13% 2% 75% 8% 102
Bigger government; more services 7% 8% < 1% 72% 13% 134

Belief in Heaven among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who …in heaven

Views about size of government Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 52% 40% 8% 102
Bigger government; more services 44% 50% 6% 134

Belief in Hell among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who …in hell

Views about size of government Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 36% 60% 4% 102
Bigger government; more services 34% 62% 4% 134

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who identify as…

Views about size of government Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 24% 24% 52% 102
Bigger government; more services 9% 9% 83% 134

Political ideology among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who are…

Views about size of government Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 24% 42% 27% 7% 102
Bigger government; more services 11% 30% 57% 1% 134

Views about government aid to the poor among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who say government aid to the poor…

Views about size of government Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 31% 59% 8% 3% 102
Bigger government; more services 16% 83% 1% < 1% 134

Views about abortion among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who say abortion should be…

Views about size of government Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 81% 16% 3% 102
Bigger government; more services 84% 16% < 1% 134

Views about homosexuality among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who say homosexuality…

Views about size of government Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 89% 9% < 1% 2% 102
Bigger government; more services 88% 12% 1% < 1% 134

Views about same-sex marriage among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who …same-sex marriage

Views about size of government Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 80% 16% 4% 102
Bigger government; more services 85% 14% < 1% 134

Views about environmental regulation among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who say…

Views about size of government Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 27% 70% < 1% 3% 102
Bigger government; more services 17% 82% 1% < 1% 134

Views about human evolution among Buddhists by views about size of government

% of Buddhists who say humans…

Views about size of government Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Smaller government; fewer services 57% 20% 11% 11% 1% 102
Bigger government; more services 72% 10% 2% 15% < 1% 134