Political ideology among Jews

% of Jews who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 847. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 21% 33% 43% 3% 847
2007 21% 39% 38% 3% 682

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who are ages…

Political ideology 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 161. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 22% 25% 30% 24% 161
Moderate 24% 30% 22% 23% 257
Liberal 20% 25% 27% 28% 386

Generational cohort among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who are…

Political ideology Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 161. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 12% 11% 23% 38% 12% 4% 161
Moderate 14% 15% 25% 28% 13% 3% 257
Liberal 12% 11% 22% 34% 18% 3% 386

Gender composition among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who are…

Political ideology Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 57% 43% 167
Moderate 55% 45% 262
Liberal 47% 53% 394

Racial and ethnic composition among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who identify as…

Political ideology White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 166. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 83% 3% 2% 9% 2% 166
Moderate 90% 1% 1% 5% 3% 258
Liberal 93% 3% 2% 1% 1% 391

Immigrant status among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who are…

Political ideology Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 165. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 22% 28% 51% 165
Moderate 14% 17% 69% 262
Liberal 5% 22% 73% 393

Income distribution among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who have a household income of…

Political ideology Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 138. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 24% 19% 23% 35% 138
Moderate 14% 17% 26% 43% 221
Liberal 14% 12% 25% 49% 338

Educational distribution among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who have completed…

Political ideology High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 166. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 25% 31% 22% 22% 166
Moderate 22% 22% 26% 30% 261
Liberal 14% 16% 34% 36% 394

Marital status among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who are…

Political ideology Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 166. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 63% 1% 11% 7% 19% 166
Moderate 55% 9% 5% 6% 25% 260
Liberal 55% 5% 11% 6% 24% 393

Parent of children under 18 among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who are…

Political ideology Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 29% 71% 167
Moderate 27% 73% 261
Liberal 23% 77% 394

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who say they…

Political ideology Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 59% 24% 10% 1% 6% 1% 167
Moderate 38% 32% 16% 1% 12% 2% 262
Liberal 23% 26% 16% 1% 26% 8% 394

Importance of religion in one's life among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who say religion is…

Political ideology Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 62% 22% 10% 6% < 1% 167
Moderate 34% 41% 19% 5% 1% 262
Liberal 22% 38% 27% 13% < 1% 394

Attendance at religious services among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who attend religious services…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 36% 36% 27% < 1% 167
Moderate 23% 53% 24% < 1% 262
Liberal 9% 53% 38% < 1% 394

Frequency of prayer among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who pray…

Political ideology At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 55% 17% 6% 22% 1% 167
Moderate 26% 19% 10% 44% 1% 262
Liberal 18% 14% 8% 59% 1% 394

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who attend prayer group…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 32% 8% 12% 47% 1% 167
Moderate 16% 10% 11% 63% < 1% 262
Liberal 9% 9% 10% 72% < 1% 394

Frequency of meditation among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who meditate…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 38% 7% 4% 51% 1% 167
Moderate 22% 11% 6% 59% 2% 262
Liberal 28% 7% 6% 58% 1% 394

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 55% 14% 11% 21% < 1% 167
Moderate 39% 17% 14% 30% 1% 262
Liberal 31% 21% 15% 32% 1% 394

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 42% 18% 12% 27% 1% 167
Moderate 44% 15% 17% 22% 1% 262
Liberal 41% 20% 16% 22% < 1% 394

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Political ideology Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 33% 11% 48% 4% 3% 167
Moderate 16% 18% 51% 13% 2% 262
Liberal 8% 19% 49% 20% 4% 394

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who say…

Political ideology There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 36% 62% 2% < 1% 167
Moderate 22% 75% 1% 1% 262
Liberal 13% 85% 2% < 1% 394

Frequency of reading scripture among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who read scripture…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 33% 12% 7% 46% 2% 167
Moderate 18% 6% 13% 62% 1% 262
Liberal 7% 8% 6% 78% < 1% 394

Interpreting scripture among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who say the holy scripture is…

Political ideology Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 27% 39% 5% 21% 7% 167
Moderate 9% 26% 1% 55% 9% 262
Liberal 3% 15% 1% 75% 7% 394

Belief in Heaven among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who …in heaven

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 67% 21% 13% 167
Moderate 46% 42% 12% 262
Liberal 24% 69% 7% 394

Belief in Hell among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who …in hell

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 46% 43% 11% 167
Moderate 22% 69% 9% 262
Liberal 9% 87% 4% 394

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who identify as…

Political ideology Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 69% 9% 22% 167
Moderate 29% 12% 60% 262
Liberal 4% 5% 91% 394

Views about size of government among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who would rather have…

Political ideology Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 68% 25% 4% 3% 167
Moderate 52% 43% 3% 3% 262
Liberal 17% 75% 5% 3% 394

Views about government aid to the poor among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who say government aid to the poor…

Political ideology Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 67% 26% 3% 4% 167
Moderate 34% 61% 3% 2% 262
Liberal 7% 87% 4% 1% 394

Views about abortion among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who say abortion should be…

Political ideology Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 58% 36% 6% 167
Moderate 85% 12% 2% 262
Liberal 94% 6% < 1% 394

Views about homosexuality among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who say homosexuality…

Political ideology Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 49% 48% 3% 1% 167
Moderate 87% 11% 2% < 1% 262
Liberal 94% 4% 1% 1% 394

Views about same-sex marriage among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who …same-sex marriage

Political ideology Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 40% 54% 6% 167
Moderate 81% 15% 4% 262
Liberal 95% 3% 3% 394

Views about environmental regulation among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who say…

Political ideology Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 59% 35% 1% 4% 167
Moderate 22% 74% 3% 1% 262
Liberal 9% 89% 2% 1% 394

Views about human evolution among Jews by political ideology

% of Jews who say humans…

Political ideology Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 28% 25% 5% 36% 6% 167
Moderate 59% 22% 4% 14% 1% 262
Liberal 74% 12% 4% 8% 2% 394