Belief in Heaven among the Unaffiliated

% of the Unaffiliated who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,556. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 37% 53% 9% 7,556
2007 41% 46% 13% 5,048

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who are ages…

Belief in Heaven 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 2,388. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 35% 38% 21% 6% 2,388
Don't believe 35% 36% 18% 10% 4,373
Other/don't know 32% 37% 20% 12% 676

Generational cohort among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who are…

Belief in Heaven Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 2,388. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 22% 22% 30% 23% 3% < 1% 2,388
Don't believe 22% 22% 27% 22% 6% 1% 4,373
Other/don't know 19% 20% 29% 24% 7% 1% 676

Gender composition among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who are…

Belief in Heaven Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 50% 2,430
Don't believe 61% 39% 4,429
Other/don't know 59% 41% 697

Racial and ethnic composition among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who identify as…

Belief in Heaven White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 2,387. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 61% 16% 3% 15% 5% 2,387
Don't believe 74% 5% 6% 11% 4% 4,366
Other/don't know 70% 7% 4% 13% 6% 674

Immigrant status among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who are…

Belief in Heaven Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 2,373. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 12% 10% 78% 2,373
Don't believe 13% 14% 73% 4,383
Other/don't know 12% 13% 75% 679

Income distribution among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who have a household income of…

Belief in Heaven Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 2,136. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 21% 22% 12% 2,136
Don't believe 24% 20% 29% 27% 4,063
Other/don't know 38% 20% 21% 20% 591

Educational distribution among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who have completed…

Belief in Heaven High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 2,420. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 53% 32% 10% 5% 2,420
Don't believe 28% 32% 24% 16% 4,418
Other/don't know 39% 35% 18% 9% 694

Marital status among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who are…

Belief in Heaven Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 2,420. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 13% 12% 4% 37% 2,420
Don't believe 40% 11% 11% 2% 35% 4,416
Other/don't know 37% 9% 10% 3% 41% 687

Parent of children under 18 among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who are…

Belief in Heaven Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 2,421. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 69% 2,421
Don't believe 23% 77% 4,418
Other/don't know 22% 78% 693

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who say they…

Belief in Heaven Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 32% 11% 1% 4% 2% 2,430
Don't believe 10% 15% 11% < 1% 58% 5% 4,429
Other/don't know 27% 25% 15% 1% 11% 22% 697

Importance of religion in one's life among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who say religion is…

Belief in Heaven Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 26% 36% 23% 13% 1% 2,430
Don't believe 4% 11% 26% 59% 1% 4,429
Other/don't know 10% 24% 33% 30% 4% 697

Attendance at religious services among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who attend religious services…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 9% 35% 56% < 1% 2,430
Don't believe 1% 17% 82% < 1% 4,429
Other/don't know 3% 22% 75% 1% 697

Frequency of prayer among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who pray…

Belief in Heaven At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 19% 10% 33% < 1% 2,430
Don't believe 8% 5% 4% 83% < 1% 4,429
Other/don't know 18% 12% 8% 59% 3% 697

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who attend prayer group…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 9% 6% 6% 78% < 1% 2,430
Don't believe 2% 1% 2% 95% < 1% 4,429
Other/don't know 5% 3% 3% 89% 1% 697

Frequency of meditation among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who meditate…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 9% 4% 58% 1% 2,430
Don't believe 24% 11% 6% 59% 1% 4,429
Other/don't know 30% 9% 5% 54% 3% 697

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 15% 12% 27% 2% 2,430
Don't believe 35% 17% 10% 36% 2% 4,429
Other/don't know 42% 14% 10% 30% 3% 697

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 14% 12% 32% 1% 2,430
Don't believe 49% 17% 13% 20% 1% 4,429
Other/don't know 52% 17% 11% 18% 3% 697

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Heaven Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 15% 12% 61% 10% 3% 2,430
Don't believe 2% 21% 54% 22% 1% 4,429
Other/don't know 5% 20% 57% 14% 4% 697

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who say…

Belief in Heaven There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 24% 74% 1% 1% 2,430
Don't believe 17% 81% 1% 1% 4,429
Other/don't know 23% 71% 3% 3% 697

Frequency of reading scripture among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who read scripture…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 18% 9% 6% 66% < 1% 2,430
Don't believe 3% 3% 5% 88% < 1% 4,429
Other/don't know 9% 4% 7% 79% 1% 697

Interpreting scripture among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Heaven Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 22% 23% 2% 45% 9% 2,430
Don't believe 2% 3% < 1% 91% 4% 4,429
Other/don't know 4% 8% 1% 66% 20% 697

Belief in Hell among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who …in hell

Belief in Heaven Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 67% 29% 4% 2,430
Don't believe 3% 97% 1% 4,429
Other/don't know 8% 26% 66% 697

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who identify as…

Belief in Heaven Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 26% 46% 2,430
Don't believe 20% 18% 62% 4,429
Other/don't know 26% 31% 44% 697

Political ideology among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who are…

Belief in Heaven Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 25% 37% 28% 10% 2,430
Don't believe 13% 34% 48% 6% 4,429
Other/don't know 21% 40% 28% 12% 697

Views about size of government among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who would rather have…

Belief in Heaven Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 48% 2% 3% 2,430
Don't believe 47% 46% 4% 3% 4,429
Other/don't know 46% 39% 6% 9% 697

Views about government aid to the poor among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Heaven Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 53% 3% 2% 2,430
Don't believe 32% 64% 3% 1% 4,429
Other/don't know 38% 50% 7% 5% 697

Views about abortion among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who say abortion should be…

Belief in Heaven Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 37% 5% 2,430
Don't believe 84% 14% 3% 4,429
Other/don't know 70% 23% 7% 697

Views about homosexuality among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who say homosexuality…

Belief in Heaven Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 74% 19% 3% 4% 2,430
Don't believe 90% 7% 2% 1% 4,429
Other/don't know 75% 14% 5% 6% 697

Views about same-sex marriage among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Heaven Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 65% 27% 8% 2,430
Don't believe 88% 9% 4% 4,429
Other/don't know 70% 17% 13% 697

Views about environmental regulation among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who say…

Belief in Heaven Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 36% 58% 2% 3% 2,430
Don't believe 20% 76% 2% 2% 4,429
Other/don't know 30% 59% 5% 6% 697

Views about human evolution among the Unaffiliated by belief in heaven

% of the Unaffiliated who say humans…

Belief in Heaven Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 26% 4% 27% 4% 2,430
Don't believe 82% 7% 3% 7% 1% 4,429
Other/don't know 56% 12% 14% 10% 8% 697