Belief in Hell among the Unaffiliated

% of the Unaffiliated who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,556. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 27% 65% 8% 7,556
2007 30% 58% 11% 5,048

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,670. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 39% 19% 5% 1,670
Don't believe 34% 37% 19% 11% 5,194
Other/don't know 31% 38% 21% 10% 573

Generational cohort among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,670. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 23% 24% 29% 21% 3% < 1% 1,670
Don't believe 22% 21% 28% 23% 6% 1% 5,194
Other/don't know 18% 20% 31% 25% 6% 1% 573

Gender composition among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 53% 47% 1,699
Don't believe 58% 42% 5,272
Other/don't know 57% 43% 585

Racial and ethnic composition among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,668. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 17% 4% 16% 5% 1,668
Don't believe 73% 6% 6% 12% 4% 5,193
Other/don't know 66% 8% 5% 14% 6% 566

Immigrant status among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,652. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 12% 9% 79% 1,652
Don't believe 13% 13% 74% 5,220
Other/don't know 13% 14% 73% 563

Income distribution among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,493. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 48% 21% 21% 10% 1,493
Don't believe 26% 20% 28% 25% 4,809
Other/don't know 36% 21% 22% 21% 488

Educational distribution among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,688. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 56% 32% 9% 4% 1,688
Don't believe 31% 32% 23% 15% 5,262
Other/don't know 41% 35% 15% 9% 582

Marital status among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,691. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 32% 13% 13% 3% 40% 1,691
Don't believe 40% 11% 11% 3% 35% 5,256
Other/don't know 38% 8% 10% 4% 39% 576

Parent of children under 18 among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,693. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 32% 68% 1,693
Don't believe 24% 76% 5,257
Other/don't know 23% 77% 582

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 30% 10% 1% 4% 2% 1,699
Don't believe 16% 18% 11% < 1% 48% 5% 5,272
Other/don't know 27% 26% 14% 1% 10% 21% 585

Importance of religion in one's life among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 29% 36% 22% 13% 1% 1,699
Don't believe 6% 15% 27% 51% 1% 5,272
Other/don't know 12% 25% 29% 29% 4% 585

Attendance at religious services among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 9% 34% 56% < 1% 1,699
Don't believe 2% 19% 78% < 1% 5,272
Other/don't know 5% 23% 72% 1% 585

Frequency of prayer among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 19% 9% 33% < 1% 1,699
Don't believe 12% 7% 6% 75% < 1% 5,272
Other/don't know 20% 13% 8% 56% 3% 585

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 10% 7% 6% 76% < 1% 1,699
Don't believe 2% 2% 3% 93% < 1% 5,272
Other/don't know 4% 3% 3% 89% 1% 585

Frequency of meditation among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 27% 8% 3% 60% 2% 1,699
Don't believe 25% 10% 5% 58% 1% 5,272
Other/don't know 27% 9% 6% 56% 3% 585

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 15% 11% 27% 2% 1,699
Don't believe 38% 16% 11% 34% 2% 5,272
Other/don't know 40% 14% 11% 32% 4% 585

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 14% 11% 34% 1% 1,699
Don't believe 49% 17% 13% 21% < 1% 5,272
Other/don't know 49% 18% 11% 19% 4% 585

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 16% 11% 60% 10% 3% 1,699
Don't believe 3% 20% 55% 20% 1% 5,272
Other/don't know 6% 19% 58% 12% 5% 585

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 25% 73% 2% 1% 1,699
Don't believe 18% 80% 1% 1% 5,272
Other/don't know 22% 71% 3% 4% 585

Frequency of reading scripture among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 19% 9% 6% 65% 1% 1,699
Don't believe 5% 5% 5% 85% < 1% 5,272
Other/don't know 10% 3% 7% 79% 2% 585

Interpreting scripture among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 24% 25% 2% 39% 9% 1,699
Don't believe 4% 5% < 1% 86% 4% 5,272
Other/don't know 5% 8% 2% 63% 22% 585

Belief in Heaven among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 92% 5% 3% 1,699
Don't believe 17% 80% 4% 5,272
Other/don't know 20% 5% 76% 585

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 27% 44% 1,699
Don't believe 21% 19% 60% 5,272
Other/don't know 26% 33% 41% 585

Political ideology among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 26% 39% 25% 10% 1,699
Don't believe 14% 34% 46% 6% 5,272
Other/don't know 21% 39% 26% 14% 585

Views about size of government among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 50% 2% 4% 1,699
Don't believe 47% 46% 3% 3% 5,272
Other/don't know 48% 36% 7% 9% 585

Views about government aid to the poor among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 51% 4% 2% 1,699
Don't believe 33% 63% 3% 2% 5,272
Other/don't know 38% 47% 8% 7% 585

Views about abortion among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 54% 41% 5% 1,699
Don't believe 82% 15% 3% 5,272
Other/don't know 66% 24% 10% 585

Views about homosexuality among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 71% 22% 3% 3% 1,699
Don't believe 88% 8% 2% 2% 5,272
Other/don't know 74% 12% 6% 7% 585

Views about same-sex marriage among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 62% 30% 8% 1,699
Don't believe 85% 10% 4% 5,272
Other/don't know 69% 18% 12% 585

Views about environmental regulation among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 57% 2% 3% 1,699
Don't believe 22% 74% 2% 2% 5,272
Other/don't know 30% 58% 5% 7% 585

Views about human evolution among the Unaffiliated by belief in hell

% of the Unaffiliated who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 36% 26% 5% 29% 4% 1,699
Don't believe 76% 10% 3% 10% 2% 5,272
Other/don't know 51% 15% 13% 11% 11% 585