Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who attend services seldom or never

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,485. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 10% 15% 58% 14% 2% 10,485
2007 9% 13% 67% 8% 3% 8,946

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who attend services seldom or never by religious group

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 107. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist < 1% 32% 38% 21% 10% 107
Catholic 15% 11% 60% 13% 2% 1,326
Evangelical Protestant 34% 8% 52% 4% 2% 995
Historically Black Protestant 33% 7% 47% 10% 3% 181
Jewish 8% 14% 59% 16% 3% 270
Mainline Protestant 14% 11% 66% 7% 2% 1,340
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 4% 18% 58% 18% 2% 5,580

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,002. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 15% 32% 31% 22% 1,002
Philosophy/reason 34% 32% 22% 12% 1,664
Common sense 24% 37% 25% 15% 5,808
Science 33% 37% 18% 12% 1,604
Don't know 15% 30% 30% 24% 244

Generational cohort among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,002. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 9% 13% 25% 37% 14% 3% 1,002
Philosophy/reason 23% 19% 24% 26% 7% 1% 1,664
Common sense 14% 18% 29% 30% 9% 1% 5,808
Science 21% 20% 30% 22% 8% < 1% 1,604
Don't know 7% 13% 25% 36% 17% 2% 244

Gender composition among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 48% 52% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 58% 42% 1,687
Common sense 54% 46% 5,893
Science 61% 39% 1,626
Don't know 58% 42% 258

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,000. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 63% 12% 2% 17% 7% 1,000
Philosophy/reason 72% 4% 6% 14% 4% 1,669
Common sense 76% 7% 3% 10% 4% 5,820
Science 69% 5% 6% 16% 3% 1,605
Don't know 70% 6% 3% 17% 4% 241

Immigrant status among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,003. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 14% 9% 77% 1,003
Philosophy/reason 14% 14% 72% 1,671
Common sense 9% 10% 81% 5,821
Science 20% 14% 66% 1,597
Don't know 17% 13% 70% 252

Income distribution among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who have a household income of…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 873. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 49% 21% 19% 11% 873
Philosophy/reason 30% 19% 27% 24% 1,527
Common sense 35% 21% 26% 18% 5,218
Science 30% 18% 26% 26% 1,460
Don't know 37% 28% 21% 13% 193

Educational distribution among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who have completed…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,013. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 57% 31% 7% 5% 1,013
Philosophy/reason 28% 33% 22% 16% 1,678
Common sense 44% 32% 15% 8% 5,870
Science 31% 28% 23% 17% 1,614
Don't know 36% 37% 15% 11% 256

Marital status among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,013. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 39% 7% 20% 10% 23% 1,013
Philosophy/reason 36% 12% 13% 4% 35% 1,682
Common sense 41% 11% 14% 5% 28% 5,875
Science 41% 10% 11% 3% 35% 1,613
Don't know 40% 7% 14% 11% 28% 251

Parent of children under 18 among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,016. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 23% 77% 1,016
Philosophy/reason 20% 80% 1,685
Common sense 26% 74% 5,881
Science 25% 75% 1,621
Don't know 21% 79% 257

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say they…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 80% 14% 2% < 1% 2% 1% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 24% 24% 14% 1% 30% 6% 1,687
Common sense 35% 27% 10% 1% 22% 5% 5,893
Science 18% 20% 11% 1% 46% 4% 1,626
Don't know 44% 21% 6% 5% 16% 9% 258

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 64% 26% 5% 4% 1% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 13% 21% 28% 38% 1% 1,687
Common sense 16% 28% 25% 30% 1% 5,893
Science 8% 20% 21% 51% 1% 1,626
Don't know 29% 28% 14% 25% 5% 258

Frequency of prayer among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 65% 16% 4% 13% 1% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 21% 12% 7% 60% 1% 1,687
Common sense 25% 14% 8% 53% 1% 5,893
Science 12% 9% 5% 74% 1% 1,626
Don't know 39% 9% 5% 45% 3% 258

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 14% 5% 3% 78% < 1% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 2% 1% 2% 93% < 1% 1,687
Common sense 2% 1% 2% 95% < 1% 5,893
Science 2% 1% 2% 95% < 1% 1,626
Don't know 5% 3% 4% 88% 1% 258

Frequency of meditation among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 40% 6% 3% 47% 3% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 32% 12% 5% 50% 1% 1,687
Common sense 25% 7% 4% 62% 1% 5,893
Science 22% 8% 5% 64% 1% 1,626
Don't know 38% 11% 2% 46% 3% 258

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 60% 13% 9% 16% 2% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 42% 18% 11% 27% 2% 1,687
Common sense 38% 15% 12% 34% 1% 5,893
Science 36% 15% 11% 36% 1% 1,626
Don't know 51% 11% 7% 25% 6% 258

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 44% 13% 13% 29% 2% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 55% 16% 13% 15% 1% 1,687
Common sense 40% 15% 14% 30% 1% 5,893
Science 49% 16% 12% 23% 1% 1,626
Don't know 46% 9% 9% 27% 9% 258

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 37% 61% 1% 2% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 20% 77% 2% 1% 1,687
Common sense 22% 76% 1% 1% 5,893
Science 19% 79% 1% 1% 1,626
Don't know 22% 62% 7% 9% 258

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who read scripture…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 33% 11% 7% 49% 1% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 7% 6% 7% 80% 1% 1,687
Common sense 7% 5% 6% 82% < 1% 5,893
Science 3% 4% 5% 88% < 1% 1,626
Don't know 11% 8% 8% 72% 1% 258

Interpreting scripture among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say the holy scripture is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 43% 30% 4% 17% 6% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 6% 10% 1% 77% 6% 1,687
Common sense 10% 17% 1% 64% 8% 5,893
Science 7% 9% < 1% 79% 5% 1,626
Don't know 12% 13% 7% 44% 23% 258

Belief in Heaven among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who …in heaven

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 85% 9% 7% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 33% 57% 10% 1,687
Common sense 49% 41% 10% 5,893
Science 29% 63% 8% 1,626
Don't know 52% 32% 16% 258

Belief in Hell among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who …in hell

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 71% 21% 8% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 23% 70% 8% 1,687
Common sense 37% 54% 9% 5,893
Science 23% 71% 6% 1,626
Don't know 35% 42% 23% 258

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 41% 22% 38% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 22% 18% 59% 1,687
Common sense 30% 21% 48% 5,893
Science 19% 19% 62% 1,626
Don't know 23% 32% 45% 258

Political ideology among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 42% 25% 22% 11% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 14% 33% 48% 4% 1,687
Common sense 24% 36% 32% 8% 5,893
Science 16% 32% 47% 4% 1,626
Don't know 18% 34% 29% 19% 258

Views about size of government among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 51% 41% 3% 5% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 45% 47% 4% 4% 1,687
Common sense 53% 40% 3% 4% 5,893
Science 41% 52% 3% 3% 1,626
Don't know 33% 37% 10% 21% 258

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 46% 47% 4% 3% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 30% 65% 3% 2% 1,687
Common sense 43% 51% 4% 2% 5,893
Science 30% 66% 3% 1% 1,626
Don't know 25% 56% 10% 9% 258

Views about abortion among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 42% 53% 5% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 79% 18% 3% 1,687
Common sense 73% 23% 4% 5,893
Science 78% 18% 4% 1,626
Don't know 57% 20% 23% 258

Views about homosexuality among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 48% 41% 5% 6% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 89% 7% 3% 1% 1,687
Common sense 79% 15% 3% 3% 5,893
Science 86% 11% 2% 2% 1,626
Don't know 66% 15% 6% 13% 258

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who …same-sex marriage

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 38% 52% 10% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 86% 10% 4% 1,687
Common sense 73% 20% 7% 5,893
Science 83% 13% 4% 1,626
Don't know 60% 17% 23% 258

Views about environmental regulation among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 45% 48% 3% 4% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 21% 73% 3% 3% 1,687
Common sense 34% 61% 2% 3% 5,893
Science 23% 74% 2% 2% 1,626
Don't know 22% 53% 9% 15% 258

Views about human evolution among adults who attend services seldom or never by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 15% 31% 3% 44% 7% 1,021
Philosophy/reason 67% 16% 5% 10% 2% 1,687
Common sense 54% 19% 5% 18% 4% 5,893
Science 76% 9% 3% 10% 1% 1,626
Don't know 41% 16% 13% 11% 20% 258