Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 21,904. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 47% 7% 38% 5% 3% 21,904
2007 38% 7% 48% 4% 3% 25,667

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by religious group

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 36% 9% 46% 7% 3% 4,775
Evangelical Protestant 65% 4% 27% 2% 2% 7,594
Historically Black Protestant 51% 5% 38% 4% 2% 1,694
Jehovah's Witness 80% < 1% 13% 2% 4% 221
Jewish 35% 12% 44% 6% 3% 277
Mainline Protestant 39% 8% 46% 5% 2% 3,989
Mormon 70% 2% 22% 2% 4% 576
Muslim 41% 8% 36% 10% 5% 192
Orthodox Christian 39% 6% 48% 6% 1% 113
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 19% 12% 57% 8% 3% 1,805

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 10,385. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 15% 33% 30% 22% 10,385
Philosophy/reason 28% 35% 25% 13% 1,546
Common sense 19% 34% 29% 19% 7,903
Science 23% 38% 24% 15% 964
Don't know 16% 33% 27% 24% 626

Generational cohort among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 10,385. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 10% 11% 27% 36% 14% 1% 10,385
Philosophy/reason 17% 17% 28% 28% 9% 1% 1,546
Common sense 11% 13% 28% 34% 12% 1% 7,903
Science 15% 14% 33% 28% 10% 1% 964
Don't know 9% 11% 28% 32% 19% 1% 626

Gender composition among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 41% 59% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 47% 53% 1,563
Common sense 45% 55% 8,052
Science 49% 51% 987
Don't know 51% 49% 668

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 10,493. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 67% 16% 2% 12% 4% 10,493
Philosophy/reason 60% 14% 4% 18% 4% 1,543
Common sense 63% 16% 3% 14% 4% 7,921
Science 52% 12% 4% 28% 5% 975
Don't know 66% 12% 2% 14% 6% 627

Immigrant status among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 10,511. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 11% 8% 81% 10,511
Philosophy/reason 16% 12% 71% 1,544
Common sense 13% 10% 78% 7,942
Science 29% 11% 61% 965
Don't know 14% 7% 79% 652

Income distribution among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who have a household income of…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 9,131. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 35% 22% 28% 15% 9,131
Philosophy/reason 37% 18% 26% 19% 1,410
Common sense 38% 21% 25% 16% 6,968
Science 40% 22% 21% 17% 867
Don't know 35% 24% 26% 15% 494

Educational distribution among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who have completed…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 10,578. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 42% 34% 16% 9% 10,578
Philosophy/reason 33% 33% 21% 13% 1,556
Common sense 47% 33% 13% 7% 8,002
Science 43% 25% 17% 14% 978
Don't know 36% 34% 18% 11% 658

Marital status among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 10,586. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 57% 3% 13% 8% 19% 10,586
Philosophy/reason 43% 9% 15% 5% 28% 1,557
Common sense 47% 8% 15% 8% 23% 8,023
Science 44% 8% 15% 5% 28% 980
Don't know 51% 4% 14% 11% 21% 658

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 10,586. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 30% 70% 10,586
Philosophy/reason 29% 71% 1,562
Common sense 30% 70% 8,030
Science 31% 69% 983
Don't know 28% 72% 658

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 91% 8% 1% < 1% < 1% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 56% 31% 6% 6% 1% 1,563
Common sense 59% 31% 5% 4% 1% 8,052
Science 53% 32% 8% 6% 1% 987
Don't know 77% 13% 2% 2% 5% 668

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who attend religious services…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 68% 23% 9% 1% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 32% 43% 25% < 1% 1,563
Common sense 31% 43% 26% < 1% 8,052
Science 31% 41% 27% 1% 987
Don't know 49% 30% 17% 3% 668

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 86% 10% 1% 2% 1% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 62% 22% 5% 10% 1% 1,563
Common sense 64% 20% 6% 9% 1% 8,052
Science 55% 22% 7% 14% 1% 987
Don't know 78% 13% 2% 4% 3% 668

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 50% 12% 9% 27% 1% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 19% 12% 12% 56% 1% 1,563
Common sense 20% 10% 10% 59% 1% 8,052
Science 20% 10% 10% 60% 1% 987
Don't know 34% 12% 8% 42% 4% 668

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 55% 7% 3% 33% 2% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 52% 10% 4% 33% 1% 1,563
Common sense 41% 8% 4% 46% 1% 8,052
Science 42% 10% 4% 42% 2% 987
Don't know 53% 5% 3% 31% 7% 668

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 81% 10% 4% 4% 1% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 64% 17% 8% 10% 1% 1,563
Common sense 61% 17% 10% 11% 1% 8,052
Science 59% 16% 10% 13% 2% 987
Don't know 75% 8% 5% 7% 5% 668

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 49% 15% 10% 23% 2% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 56% 14% 11% 18% 1% 1,563
Common sense 42% 16% 13% 29% 1% 8,052
Science 49% 14% 12% 24% 1% 987
Don't know 52% 11% 11% 20% 6% 668

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 52% 45% 1% 1% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 28% 69% 2% 1% 1,563
Common sense 29% 69% 1% 1% 8,052
Science 27% 70% 1% 2% 987
Don't know 33% 55% 6% 6% 668

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who read scripture…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 69% 10% 6% 14% 1% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 35% 16% 10% 39% < 1% 1,563
Common sense 32% 13% 11% 43% 1% 8,052
Science 28% 13% 12% 46% 1% 987
Don't know 51% 12% 9% 25% 4% 668

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say the holy scripture is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 57% 31% 4% 4% 4% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 23% 35% 2% 32% 9% 1,563
Common sense 32% 35% 3% 22% 9% 8,052
Science 32% 28% 2% 30% 8% 987
Don't know 28% 29% 13% 12% 18% 668

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who …in heaven

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 89% 5% 6% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 78% 15% 8% 1,563
Common sense 86% 8% 5% 8,052
Science 81% 14% 5% 987
Don't know 80% 7% 13% 668

Belief in Hell among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who …in hell

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 81% 13% 7% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 56% 35% 8% 1,563
Common sense 68% 25% 7% 8,052
Science 61% 33% 7% 987
Don't know 62% 20% 18% 668

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 51% 17% 32% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 34% 17% 49% 1,563
Common sense 37% 19% 44% 8,052
Science 28% 21% 51% 987
Don't know 34% 32% 34% 668

Political ideology among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 56% 26% 11% 7% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 30% 37% 29% 4% 1,563
Common sense 35% 36% 21% 7% 8,052
Science 33% 33% 29% 5% 987
Don't know 39% 28% 17% 15% 668

Views about size of government among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 59% 35% 3% 3% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 50% 44% 4% 3% 1,563
Common sense 52% 42% 3% 4% 8,052
Science 39% 56% 2% 3% 987
Don't know 46% 28% 9% 17% 668

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 52% 42% 4% 2% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 39% 55% 5% 1% 1,563
Common sense 47% 47% 4% 2% 8,052
Science 41% 54% 3% 3% 987
Don't know 37% 38% 14% 11% 668

Views about abortion among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 28% 68% 4% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 57% 39% 4% 1,563
Common sense 55% 40% 5% 8,052
Science 57% 39% 4% 987
Don't know 39% 44% 17% 668

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 34% 57% 5% 4% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 74% 20% 4% 2% 1,563
Common sense 64% 28% 4% 4% 8,052
Science 68% 25% 4% 3% 987
Don't know 43% 34% 11% 12% 668

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who …same-sex marriage

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 25% 68% 7% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 65% 28% 7% 1,563
Common sense 53% 38% 9% 8,052
Science 58% 34% 7% 987
Don't know 36% 44% 20% 668

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 47% 47% 3% 3% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 33% 63% 2% 2% 1,563
Common sense 41% 54% 2% 3% 8,052
Science 33% 62% 2% 3% 987
Don't know 33% 46% 8% 13% 668

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,634. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 8% 26% 2% 59% 5% 10,634
Philosophy/reason 29% 36% 5% 26% 4% 1,563
Common sense 23% 33% 4% 35% 5% 8,052
Science 36% 28% 4% 30% 4% 987
Don't know 7% 27% 13% 30% 23% 668