Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,792. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 15% 14% 57% 12% 2% 6,792
2007 8% 13% 67% 8% 3% 5,816

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by religious group

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 21% 10% 52% 15% 2% 1,854
Evangelical Protestant 26% 13% 53% 7% 2% 827
Historically Black Protestant 20% 10% 62% 8% 1% 175
Jewish 12% 15% 53% 17% 3% 231
Mainline Protestant 11% 15% 63% 8% 2% 1,550
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 5% 17% 64% 12% 2% 1,614

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 19% 36% 27% 19% 890
Philosophy/reason 32% 33% 23% 12% 1,004
Common sense 24% 36% 25% 15% 3,814
Science 24% 41% 24% 12% 807
Don't know 18% 23% 32% 26% 159

Generational cohort among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 10% 16% 29% 32% 12% 1% 890
Philosophy/reason 21% 19% 26% 27% 7% 1% 1,004
Common sense 15% 16% 29% 29% 10% 1% 3,814
Science 15% 17% 32% 28% 7% 1% 807
Don't know 8% 13% 20% 38% 18% 2% 159

Gender composition among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 50% 50% 908
Philosophy/reason 53% 47% 1,023
Common sense 51% 49% 3,886
Science 55% 45% 812
Don't know 52% 48% 163

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 901. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 43% 8% 3% 44% 3% 901
Philosophy/reason 70% 5% 5% 16% 5% 1,009
Common sense 73% 7% 4% 12% 3% 3,857
Science 56% 6% 7% 29% 2% 808
Don't know 66% 4% 4% 23% 3% 156

Immigrant status among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 892. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 44% 7% 49% 892
Philosophy/reason 16% 13% 71% 1,011
Common sense 12% 10% 78% 3,839
Science 31% 12% 56% 803
Don't know 24% 5% 71% 159

Income distribution among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who have a household income of…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 785. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 52% 17% 18% 13% 785
Philosophy/reason 28% 20% 26% 26% 906
Common sense 31% 21% 27% 21% 3,454
Science 35% 16% 27% 22% 721
Don't know 41% 23% 16% 20% 118

Educational distribution among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who have completed…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 899. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 58% 22% 13% 7% 899
Philosophy/reason 31% 30% 21% 18% 1,018
Common sense 41% 33% 16% 11% 3,871
Science 38% 24% 21% 16% 810
Don't know 40% 26% 20% 14% 162

Marital status among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 904. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 48% 9% 12% 7% 23% 904
Philosophy/reason 42% 10% 10% 4% 34% 1,020
Common sense 47% 11% 12% 5% 25% 3,874
Science 47% 10% 12% 2% 28% 809
Don't know 49% 3% 10% 10% 29% 159

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 903. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 35% 65% 903
Philosophy/reason 27% 73% 1,021
Common sense 30% 70% 3,878
Science 32% 68% 809
Don't know 20% 80% 163

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 67% 29% 3% 1% 1% 908
Philosophy/reason 20% 47% 23% 9% < 1% 1,023
Common sense 18% 51% 23% 7% 1% 3,886
Science 28% 43% 18% 10% < 1% 812
Don't know 34% 41% 14% 5% 6% 163

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who attend religious services…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 49% 35% 16% 1% 908
Philosophy/reason 14% 45% 40% 1% 1,023
Common sense 14% 43% 43% < 1% 3,886
Science 17% 46% 37% < 1% 812
Don't know 24% 40% 35% 2% 163

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 60% 22% 7% 10% 1% 908
Philosophy/reason 31% 26% 13% 29% 1% 1,023
Common sense 29% 25% 13% 33% 1% 3,886
Science 31% 27% 12% 31% < 1% 812
Don't know 35% 21% 10% 30% 3% 163

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 30% 16% 10% 44% 1% 908
Philosophy/reason 9% 7% 8% 76% < 1% 1,023
Common sense 6% 6% 7% 81% < 1% 3,886
Science 10% 11% 10% 69% < 1% 812
Don't know 11% 3% 9% 76% 1% 163

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 45% 12% 6% 34% 3% 908
Philosophy/reason 37% 13% 5% 44% 1% 1,023
Common sense 24% 11% 6% 59% 1% 3,886
Science 34% 13% 5% 46% 1% 812
Don't know 40% 11% 2% 44% 3% 163

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 60% 17% 10% 11% 2% 908
Philosophy/reason 47% 22% 13% 18% 1% 1,023
Common sense 37% 20% 16% 25% 1% 3,886
Science 42% 19% 18% 20% 1% 812
Don't know 55% 14% 8% 17% 5% 163

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 48% 16% 13% 19% 3% 908
Philosophy/reason 55% 16% 14% 14% 1% 1,023
Common sense 36% 18% 18% 28% 1% 3,886
Science 43% 17% 18% 20% 1% 812
Don't know 51% 8% 13% 20% 8% 163

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 34% 62% 2% 2% 908
Philosophy/reason 23% 75% 2% < 1% 1,023
Common sense 23% 75% 1% 1% 3,886
Science 21% 76% 1% 1% 812
Don't know 24% 60% 5% 11% 163

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who read scripture…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 42% 14% 8% 34% 1% 908
Philosophy/reason 13% 11% 12% 63% < 1% 1,023
Common sense 9% 9% 10% 72% < 1% 3,886
Science 12% 11% 11% 65% 1% 812
Don't know 14% 10% 10% 63% 2% 163

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say the holy scripture is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 42% 31% 3% 18% 7% 908
Philosophy/reason 7% 25% < 1% 60% 7% 1,023
Common sense 10% 29% 1% 51% 9% 3,886
Science 15% 23% 1% 54% 6% 812
Don't know 14% 16% 11% 32% 26% 163

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who …in heaven

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 87% 8% 5% 908
Philosophy/reason 60% 29% 11% 1,023
Common sense 70% 21% 9% 3,886
Science 64% 28% 7% 812
Don't know 64% 18% 19% 163

Belief in Hell among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who …in hell

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 66% 26% 8% 908
Philosophy/reason 40% 53% 8% 1,023
Common sense 47% 43% 10% 3,886
Science 48% 45% 7% 812
Don't know 44% 34% 22% 163

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 30% 25% 45% 908
Philosophy/reason 31% 16% 53% 1,023
Common sense 35% 18% 46% 3,886
Science 26% 17% 56% 812
Don't know 25% 28% 46% 163

Political ideology among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 36% 29% 27% 8% 908
Philosophy/reason 17% 41% 38% 4% 1,023
Common sense 27% 41% 26% 5% 3,886
Science 23% 37% 37% 3% 812
Don't know 25% 39% 27% 9% 163

Views about size of government among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 35% 57% 4% 4% 908
Philosophy/reason 46% 50% 2% 3% 1,023
Common sense 54% 40% 3% 3% 3,886
Science 40% 57% 1% 2% 812
Don't know 31% 42% 12% 15% 163

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 43% 51% 3% 3% 908
Philosophy/reason 31% 65% 3% 1% 1,023
Common sense 47% 49% 3% 2% 3,886
Science 39% 59% 2% 1% 812
Don't know 23% 57% 12% 9% 163

Views about abortion among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 39% 57% 4% 908
Philosophy/reason 72% 25% 3% 1,023
Common sense 68% 28% 4% 3,886
Science 68% 29% 3% 812
Don't know 50% 35% 15% 163

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 59% 34% 4% 3% 908
Philosophy/reason 86% 9% 3% 2% 1,023
Common sense 79% 15% 3% 2% 3,886
Science 82% 15% 1% 2% 812
Don't know 67% 14% 8% 11% 163

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who …same-sex marriage

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 47% 44% 9% 908
Philosophy/reason 81% 14% 5% 1,023
Common sense 70% 22% 7% 3,886
Science 74% 20% 6% 812
Don't know 58% 21% 21% 163

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 37% 56% 2% 6% 908
Philosophy/reason 21% 74% 2% 2% 1,023
Common sense 37% 59% 2% 2% 3,886
Science 31% 66% 1% 2% 812
Don't know 25% 58% 5% 12% 163

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 908. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 22% 32% 5% 35% 7% 908
Philosophy/reason 56% 27% 6% 10% 2% 1,023
Common sense 48% 25% 5% 19% 3% 3,886
Science 57% 19% 5% 17% 2% 812
Don't know 33% 18% 24% 13% 13% 163