Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in God

% of adults who do not believe in God who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 1% 19% 51% 27% 1% 3,414
2007 3% 22% 58% 15% 2% 1,643

Learn More: Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in God by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in God who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 3% 7% 57% 31% 2% 114
Jewish < 1% 22% 50% 28% 1% 161
Mainline Protestant 6% 14% 60% 20% < 1% 111
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 1% 19% 51% 27% 1% 2,736

Learn More: Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 39% 33% 17% 11% 714
Common sense 36% 35% 17% 12% 1,626
Science 41% 35% 13% 11% 933

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 27% 20% 24% 20% 7% 1% 714
Common sense 24% 21% 26% 21% 7% 1% 1,626
Science 28% 21% 26% 17% 7% 1% 933

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 69% 31% 722
Common sense 64% 36% 1,638
Science 65% 35% 950

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 77% 3% 9% 8% 3% 716
Common sense 79% 2% 6% 9% 3% 1,623
Science 74% 3% 9% 10% 4% 935

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 14% 15% 72% 715
Common sense 10% 14% 76% 1,618
Science 18% 17% 65% 939

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who have a household income of…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 22% 16% 30% 32% 671
Common sense 25% 19% 31% 25% 1,497
Science 23% 17% 29% 31% 865

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who have completed…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 19% 29% 29% 23% 722
Common sense 34% 31% 23% 12% 1,635
Science 24% 28% 26% 22% 942

Marital status among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 39% 11% 10% 2% 39% 721
Common sense 38% 12% 9% 3% 39% 1,636
Science 39% 10% 8% 2% 41% 942

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 19% 81% 720
Common sense 22% 78% 1,632
Science 22% 78% 948

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 2% 9% 24% 64% < 1% 722
Common sense 2% 8% 25% 64% 1% 1,638
Science 2% 6% 20% 72% < 1% 950

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who attend religious services…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 2% 20% 78% 1% 722
Common sense 2% 17% 82% < 1% 1,638
Science 2% 15% 82% < 1% 950

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 2% 2% 3% 93% < 1% 722
Common sense 2% 1% 3% 93% < 1% 1,638
Science 2% 1% 2% 95% < 1% 950

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 1% 2% 1% 95% < 1% 722
Common sense 1% 1% 2% 96% < 1% 1,638
Science 1% < 1% 3% 96% < 1% 950

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 25% 11% 6% 58% < 1% 722
Common sense 17% 8% 5% 69% 1% 1,638
Science 14% 7% 6% 72% 1% 950

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 36% 18% 10% 33% 2% 722
Common sense 28% 13% 9% 48% 2% 1,638
Science 30% 16% 8% 44% 2% 950

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 52% 20% 15% 13% < 1% 722
Common sense 41% 16% 14% 27% 1% 1,638
Science 49% 18% 11% 21% 1% 950

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 17% 81% 1% < 1% 722
Common sense 16% 83% 1% 1% 1,638
Science 16% 84% < 1% < 1% 950

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who read scripture…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 3% 5% 6% 85% < 1% 722
Common sense 2% 2% 4% 92% < 1% 1,638
Science 1% 2% 5% 91% < 1% 950

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who say the holy scripture is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason < 1% 1% < 1% 97% 2% 722
Common sense 1% 2% < 1% 94% 3% 1,638
Science < 1% 2% < 1% 95% 3% 950

Belief in Heaven among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who …in heaven

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 3% 95% 2% 722
Common sense 6% 90% 3% 1,638
Science 5% 92% 3% 950

Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who …in hell

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 3% 95% 2% 722
Common sense 5% 92% 3% 1,638
Science 4% 94% 2% 950

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 12% 14% 74% 722
Common sense 22% 18% 60% 1,638
Science 15% 17% 68% 950

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 7% 29% 61% 3% 722
Common sense 16% 32% 45% 7% 1,638
Science 10% 32% 54% 4% 950

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 37% 56% 3% 4% 722
Common sense 48% 46% 3% 3% 1,638
Science 38% 55% 3% 3% 950

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 22% 74% 3% 1% 722
Common sense 34% 61% 3% 1% 1,638
Science 24% 73% 3% 1% 950

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 89% 9% 2% 722
Common sense 85% 12% 2% 1,638
Science 86% 10% 4% 950

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 96% 2% 2% < 1% 722
Common sense 89% 8% 2% 1% 1,638
Science 93% 5% 1% 1% 950

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who …same-sex marriage

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 95% 4% 1% 722
Common sense 87% 9% 5% 1,638
Science 91% 7% 2% 950

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 15% 82% 1% 2% 722
Common sense 23% 74% 1% 2% 1,638
Science 15% 82% 1% 2% 950

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who do not believe in God who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Philosophy/reason 91% 3% 1% 4% < 1% 722
Common sense 85% 4% 2% 7% 1% 1,638
Science 92% 3% 1% 4% < 1% 950