Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Heaven

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 8% 43% 6% 2% 24,337
2007 34% 7% 52% 4% 3% 25,775

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 33% 9% 47% 9% 2% 6,083
Evangelical Protestant 59% 5% 31% 3% 2% 7,452
Historically Black Protestant 48% 6% 41% 4% 2% 1,761
Jehovah's Witness 75% 2% 15% 3% 6% 126
Jewish 32% 12% 46% 7% 2% 288
Mainline Protestant 33% 9% 50% 6% 2% 4,683
Mormon 66% 3% 24% 4% 3% 626
Muslim 39% 10% 36% 11% 4% 202
Orthodox Christian 32% 12% 48% 6% 3% 138
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 15% 12% 61% 10% 3% 2,430

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 10,109. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 16% 33% 29% 21% 10,109
Philosophy/reason 34% 33% 22% 12% 1,860
Common sense 22% 34% 27% 17% 9,884
Science 27% 38% 23% 12% 1,388
Don't know 18% 28% 29% 25% 608

Generational cohort among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 10,109. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 10% 12% 27% 35% 14% 1% 10,109
Philosophy/reason 22% 18% 27% 25% 8% 1% 1,860
Common sense 14% 14% 28% 32% 11% 1% 9,884
Science 18% 16% 32% 26% 8% < 1% 1,388
Don't know 10% 11% 25% 34% 19% 1% 608

Gender composition among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 41% 59% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 49% 51% 1,888
Common sense 47% 53% 10,049
Science 52% 48% 1,410
Don't know 52% 48% 645

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 10,218. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 64% 15% 2% 15% 4% 10,218
Philosophy/reason 62% 11% 6% 18% 4% 1,875
Common sense 67% 14% 3% 13% 4% 9,929
Science 52% 10% 6% 28% 4% 1,397
Don't know 67% 11% 3% 15% 5% 610

Immigrant status among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 10,206. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 14% 8% 78% 10,206
Philosophy/reason 18% 13% 70% 1,865
Common sense 12% 10% 78% 9,914
Science 29% 12% 59% 1,385
Don't know 15% 7% 78% 627

Income distribution among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 8,906. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 37% 21% 27% 15% 8,906
Philosophy/reason 36% 19% 24% 21% 1,685
Common sense 38% 21% 26% 16% 8,778
Science 39% 21% 23% 17% 1,245
Don't know 39% 23% 24% 14% 470

Educational distribution among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who have completed…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 10,288. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 44% 33% 15% 8% 10,288
Philosophy/reason 37% 32% 19% 13% 1,880
Common sense 47% 33% 13% 7% 9,998
Science 43% 26% 18% 13% 1,400
Don't know 41% 33% 16% 10% 636

Marital status among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 10,295. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 55% 4% 13% 8% 19% 10,295
Philosophy/reason 40% 11% 11% 5% 33% 1,883
Common sense 46% 8% 13% 7% 25% 10,017
Science 42% 8% 13% 4% 32% 1,405
Don't know 47% 4% 14% 13% 21% 634

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 10,295. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 31% 69% 10,295
Philosophy/reason 29% 71% 1,885
Common sense 30% 70% 10,022
Science 32% 68% 1,405
Don't know 26% 74% 637

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say they…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 90% 9% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 61% 29% 7% 1% 1% 1% 1,888
Common sense 68% 25% 4% 1% 1% 1% 10,049
Science 54% 34% 8% 1% 3% 1% 1,410
Don't know 81% 15% 1% 3% 1% < 1% 645

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 89% 10% 1% < 1% < 1% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 46% 37% 12% 5% < 1% 1,888
Common sense 49% 38% 10% 4% < 1% 10,049
Science 44% 37% 13% 6% < 1% 1,410
Don't know 71% 19% 3% 3% 5% 645

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 66% 25% 9% 1% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 28% 45% 27% 1% 1,888
Common sense 27% 44% 28% < 1% 10,049
Science 26% 44% 29% 1% 1,410
Don't know 45% 31% 20% 3% 645

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 84% 11% 2% 3% 1% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 52% 24% 9% 15% < 1% 1,888
Common sense 54% 22% 8% 15% 1% 10,049
Science 45% 24% 9% 22% < 1% 1,410
Don't know 72% 15% 3% 7% 3% 645

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 47% 13% 9% 30% 1% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 16% 11% 11% 61% < 1% 1,888
Common sense 16% 9% 9% 64% < 1% 10,049
Science 16% 11% 10% 63% < 1% 1,410
Don't know 29% 11% 7% 49% 4% 645

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 54% 7% 3% 34% 2% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 42% 10% 4% 43% 1% 1,888
Common sense 34% 8% 4% 52% 1% 10,049
Science 34% 11% 5% 49% 2% 1,410
Don't know 50% 6% 3% 35% 6% 645

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 79% 11% 5% 5% 1% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 54% 19% 10% 15% 1% 1,888
Common sense 53% 18% 12% 16% 1% 10,049
Science 50% 16% 15% 18% 2% 1,410
Don't know 69% 8% 6% 11% 6% 645

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 48% 16% 11% 23% 2% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 52% 16% 12% 19% 1% 1,888
Common sense 38% 17% 14% 30% 1% 10,049
Science 42% 15% 16% 25% 1% 1,410
Don't know 48% 11% 12% 23% 6% 645

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 49% 48% 1% 1% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 27% 71% 1% 1% 1,888
Common sense 28% 70% 1% 1% 10,049
Science 24% 73% 1% 1% 1,410
Don't know 32% 55% 6% 6% 645

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 65% 11% 6% 17% 1% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 28% 15% 11% 46% < 1% 1,888
Common sense 26% 12% 11% 50% 1% 10,049
Science 22% 12% 11% 55% 1% 1,410
Don't know 46% 12% 8% 31% 3% 645

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 56% 31% 4% 5% 4% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 21% 36% 1% 34% 8% 1,888
Common sense 28% 35% 2% 27% 8% 10,049
Science 28% 29% 1% 35% 6% 1,410
Don't know 29% 29% 13% 12% 17% 645

Belief in Hell among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who …in hell

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 84% 11% 5% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 67% 29% 5% 1,888
Common sense 72% 22% 6% 10,049
Science 69% 26% 5% 1,410
Don't know 70% 17% 13% 645

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 49% 17% 34% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 35% 15% 49% 1,888
Common sense 37% 18% 44% 10,049
Science 29% 18% 53% 1,410
Don't know 34% 30% 36% 645

Political ideology among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 54% 27% 13% 6% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 28% 39% 29% 4% 1,888
Common sense 34% 38% 21% 7% 10,049
Science 30% 36% 29% 5% 1,410
Don't know 38% 31% 17% 14% 645

Views about size of government among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 56% 38% 3% 3% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 49% 46% 3% 2% 1,888
Common sense 52% 43% 2% 3% 10,049
Science 39% 57% 1% 2% 1,410
Don't know 44% 31% 9% 16% 645

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 51% 43% 4% 2% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 38% 56% 4% 1% 1,888
Common sense 48% 47% 3% 2% 10,049
Science 41% 55% 2% 2% 1,410
Don't know 36% 40% 13% 11% 645

Views about abortion among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 30% 66% 4% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 59% 38% 3% 1,888
Common sense 58% 38% 4% 10,049
Science 60% 36% 4% 1,410
Don't know 39% 45% 16% 645

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 37% 54% 5% 4% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 76% 20% 3% 1% 1,888
Common sense 68% 25% 4% 3% 10,049
Science 75% 21% 2% 2% 1,410
Don't know 44% 33% 10% 13% 645

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 28% 65% 7% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 68% 26% 5% 1,888
Common sense 57% 35% 8% 10,049
Science 64% 30% 6% 1,410
Don't know 37% 42% 21% 645

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 46% 48% 3% 3% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 31% 65% 2% 2% 1,888
Common sense 41% 54% 2% 3% 10,049
Science 34% 62% 1% 2% 1,410
Don't know 32% 46% 7% 14% 645

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 9% 28% 2% 56% 5% 10,345
Philosophy/reason 35% 34% 4% 24% 3% 1,888
Common sense 28% 32% 4% 32% 4% 10,049
Science 44% 25% 3% 26% 3% 1,410
Don't know 10% 26% 14% 29% 21% 645