Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 19,167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 45% 7% 40% 6% 2% 19,167
2007 39% 6% 48% 4% 3% 20,461

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by religious group

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 35% 9% 45% 9% 2% 4,475
Evangelical Protestant 63% 4% 28% 2% 2% 6,978
Historically Black Protestant 50% 5% 39% 4% 2% 1,557
Jewish 40% 11% 41% 5% 4% 144
Mainline Protestant 37% 8% 49% 5% 2% 3,327
Mormon 68% 3% 23% 4% 3% 381
Muslim 43% 9% 34% 9% 4% 173
Orthodox Christian 31% 11% 48% 7% 3% 101
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 16% 11% 60% 10% 3% 1,699

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 8,938. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 16% 34% 29% 20% 8,938
Philosophy/reason 35% 33% 20% 12% 1,272
Common sense 23% 35% 26% 15% 7,206
Science 29% 40% 21% 10% 972
Don't know 20% 31% 29% 21% 426

Generational cohort among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 8,938. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 11% 12% 28% 35% 14% 1% 8,938
Philosophy/reason 22% 20% 26% 23% 8% 1% 1,272
Common sense 15% 15% 29% 31% 10% 1% 7,206
Science 20% 17% 32% 24% 6% 1% 972
Don't know 11% 13% 27% 33% 16% < 1% 426

Gender composition among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 43% 57% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 53% 47% 1,285
Common sense 50% 50% 7,312
Science 53% 47% 986
Don't know 57% 43% 449

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 9,024. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 64% 16% 2% 14% 4% 9,024
Philosophy/reason 58% 12% 6% 20% 4% 1,276
Common sense 65% 15% 3% 14% 4% 7,236
Science 49% 10% 6% 31% 4% 978
Don't know 64% 14% 2% 15% 5% 427

Immigrant status among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 9,015. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 13% 7% 79% 9,015
Philosophy/reason 19% 13% 68% 1,264
Common sense 12% 9% 79% 7,205
Science 31% 12% 57% 971
Don't know 16% 6% 78% 438

Income distribution among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 7,885. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 36% 22% 27% 15% 7,885
Philosophy/reason 39% 19% 23% 19% 1,131
Common sense 39% 21% 25% 15% 6,438
Science 43% 22% 20% 15% 859
Don't know 39% 23% 24% 14% 337

Educational distribution among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who have completed…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 9,086. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 44% 34% 15% 8% 9,086
Philosophy/reason 40% 33% 17% 11% 1,279
Common sense 49% 33% 12% 6% 7,278
Science 49% 24% 16% 10% 977
Don't know 42% 36% 15% 7% 442

Marital status among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 9,092. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 56% 4% 13% 8% 19% 9,092
Philosophy/reason 38% 10% 11% 4% 36% 1,283
Common sense 46% 9% 14% 6% 25% 7,291
Science 40% 8% 14% 3% 35% 983
Don't know 47% 4% 15% 12% 22% 444

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 9,098. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 31% 69% 9,098
Philosophy/reason 30% 70% 1,284
Common sense 31% 69% 7,288
Science 34% 66% 981
Don't know 29% 71% 443

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 91% 7% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 63% 27% 6% 1% 1% 1% 1,285
Common sense 71% 23% 4% 1% 1% 1% 7,312
Science 54% 34% 7% 1% 3% 1% 986
Don't know 83% 13% < 1% 3% < 1% < 1% 449

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 90% 9% 1% < 1% < 1% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 48% 36% 11% 5% 1% 1,285
Common sense 51% 36% 9% 3% < 1% 7,312
Science 45% 38% 11% 5% < 1% 986
Don't know 74% 17% 3% 2% 4% 449

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 67% 24% 9% 1% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 29% 44% 26% 1% 1,285
Common sense 29% 43% 28% < 1% 7,312
Science 26% 43% 31% < 1% 986
Don't know 46% 34% 18% 3% 449

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 84% 11% 2% 2% 1% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 53% 24% 9% 14% < 1% 1,285
Common sense 56% 21% 8% 15% 1% 7,312
Science 45% 24% 7% 23% 1% 986
Don't know 73% 15% 3% 7% 2% 449

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 49% 13% 9% 28% 1% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 18% 12% 11% 59% < 1% 1,285
Common sense 18% 10% 10% 62% < 1% 7,312
Science 17% 12% 10% 60% < 1% 986
Don't know 30% 12% 8% 45% 4% 449

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 54% 7% 3% 34% 2% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 42% 9% 5% 43% 1% 1,285
Common sense 34% 8% 4% 53% 1% 7,312
Science 34% 11% 4% 50% 1% 986
Don't know 49% 5% 2% 39% 5% 449

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 79% 11% 5% 4% 1% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 54% 19% 11% 15% 1% 1,285
Common sense 53% 18% 11% 16% 1% 7,312
Science 49% 17% 14% 18% 2% 986
Don't know 70% 8% 6% 11% 6% 449

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 48% 16% 11% 24% 2% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 50% 16% 12% 20% 1% 1,285
Common sense 38% 17% 14% 30% 1% 7,312
Science 40% 16% 16% 26% 1% 986
Don't know 47% 12% 12% 24% 6% 449

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 52% 46% 1% 1% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 28% 69% 1% 1% 1,285
Common sense 30% 69% 1% 1% 7,312
Science 25% 72% 1% 1% 986
Don't know 34% 54% 7% 6% 449

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who read scripture…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 67% 11% 6% 15% 1% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 30% 15% 10% 45% < 1% 1,285
Common sense 28% 13% 11% 47% 1% 7,312
Science 23% 13% 11% 52% 1% 986
Don't know 49% 11% 10% 27% 3% 449

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 60% 29% 4% 4% 4% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 25% 37% 2% 29% 7% 1,285
Common sense 31% 36% 3% 23% 7% 7,312
Science 33% 31% 1% 30% 6% 986
Don't know 32% 29% 15% 9% 15% 449

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who …in heaven

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 95% 2% 3% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 95% 3% 2% 1,285
Common sense 96% 2% 2% 7,312
Science 93% 4% 2% 986
Don't know 93% 2% 4% 449

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 52% 15% 33% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 37% 17% 46% 1,285
Common sense 39% 18% 44% 7,312
Science 30% 20% 49% 986
Don't know 37% 30% 33% 449

Political ideology among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 57% 26% 12% 6% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 31% 39% 25% 5% 1,285
Common sense 36% 37% 20% 7% 7,312
Science 33% 33% 29% 5% 986
Don't know 42% 30% 17% 10% 449

Views about size of government among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 58% 36% 2% 3% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 50% 45% 3% 2% 1,285
Common sense 52% 42% 2% 3% 7,312
Science 37% 61% 1% 2% 986
Don't know 48% 30% 8% 14% 449

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 53% 41% 4% 2% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 43% 51% 5% 1% 1,285
Common sense 49% 46% 3% 1% 7,312
Science 43% 53% 2% 2% 986
Don't know 40% 38% 12% 10% 449

Views about abortion among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 28% 69% 3% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 53% 44% 3% 1,285
Common sense 55% 41% 4% 7,312
Science 55% 41% 4% 986
Don't know 35% 51% 14% 449

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 34% 57% 5% 4% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 72% 24% 3% 2% 1,285
Common sense 64% 29% 4% 3% 7,312
Science 70% 25% 2% 3% 986
Don't know 41% 38% 10% 11% 449

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 25% 68% 7% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 63% 31% 6% 1,285
Common sense 53% 38% 8% 7,312
Science 60% 33% 7% 986
Don't know 34% 48% 18% 449

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 48% 47% 2% 3% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 34% 62% 2% 2% 1,285
Common sense 42% 53% 2% 2% 7,312
Science 37% 59% 2% 2% 986
Don't know 35% 47% 5% 13% 449

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who believe in Hell who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,135. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 8% 27% 2% 59% 5% 9,135
Philosophy/reason 31% 34% 4% 28% 3% 1,285
Common sense 27% 33% 4% 33% 4% 7,312
Science 41% 25% 2% 28% 3% 986
Don't know 9% 27% 11% 33% 19% 449