Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults with an education level of high school or less

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,584. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 35% 8% 47% 8% 2% 10,584

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults with an education level of high school or less by religious group

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 32% 8% 47% 11% 2% 2,431
Evangelical Protestant 57% 5% 34% 3% 2% 2,977
Historically Black Protestant 44% 6% 44% 5% 2% 823
Jehovah's Witness 78% < 1% 13% 2% 6% 130
Mainline Protestant 31% 6% 56% 5% 2% 1,536
Mormon 55% 4% 32% 7% 2% 127
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 11% 12% 62% 13% 2% 2,129

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 3,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 15% 29% 30% 25% 3,797
Philosophy/reason 42% 26% 20% 12% 748
Common sense 23% 30% 26% 20% 4,966
Science 33% 33% 20% 13% 709
Don't know 16% 27% 26% 31% 241

Generational cohort among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 3,797. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 10% 9% 24% 36% 18% 2% 3,797
Philosophy/reason 32% 15% 22% 22% 9% 1% 748
Common sense 16% 12% 26% 31% 13% 2% 4,966
Science 26% 13% 28% 24% 8% 1% 709
Don't know 11% 10% 22% 30% 24% 2% 241

Gender composition among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 44% 56% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 59% 41% 757
Common sense 53% 47% 5,021
Science 58% 42% 713
Don't know 52% 48% 245

Racial and ethnic composition among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 3,814. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 57% 15% 1% 23% 3% 3,814
Philosophy/reason 54% 11% 4% 27% 4% 750
Common sense 64% 14% 2% 17% 4% 4,971
Science 44% 10% 4% 39% 3% 708
Don't know 57% 9% 1% 30% 3% 230

Immigrant status among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 3,787. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 20% 6% 73% 3,787
Philosophy/reason 22% 13% 65% 739
Common sense 14% 10% 77% 4,933
Science 35% 14% 51% 696
Don't know 26% 8% 66% 237

Income distribution among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who have a household income of…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 3,192. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 54% 21% 18% 6% 3,192
Philosophy/reason 53% 21% 15% 11% 649
Common sense 50% 22% 19% 9% 4,333
Science 57% 20% 15% 8% 616
Don't know 56% 19% 19% 5% 169

Marital status among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 3,828. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 50% 5% 14% 11% 20% 3,828
Philosophy/reason 30% 7% 13% 5% 44% 754
Common sense 40% 9% 15% 9% 28% 5,004
Science 32% 10% 13% 5% 40% 711
Don't know 39% 4% 17% 18% 22% 242

Parent of children under 18 among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 3,835. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 26% 74% 3,835
Philosophy/reason 23% 77% 755
Common sense 26% 74% 5,010
Science 27% 73% 712
Don't know 28% 72% 243

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say they…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 86% 12% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 48% 28% 10% 1% 11% 2% 757
Common sense 58% 24% 6% 1% 8% 2% 5,021
Science 41% 29% 9% 1% 20% 1% 713
Don't know 70% 18% 1% 5% 4% 3% 245

Importance of religion in one's life among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 86% 11% 1% 1% 1% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 39% 29% 17% 14% 1% 757
Common sense 43% 33% 12% 12% < 1% 5,021
Science 36% 32% 13% 18% 1% 713
Don't know 58% 24% 5% 7% 6% 245

Attendance at religious services among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who attend religious services…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 61% 26% 12% 1% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 22% 35% 42% 1% 757
Common sense 23% 37% 40% < 1% 5,021
Science 18% 37% 44% 1% 713
Don't know 41% 28% 27% 5% 245

Frequency of prayer among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 80% 12% 2% 4% 1% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 41% 19% 9% 30% 1% 757
Common sense 47% 18% 8% 27% 1% 5,021
Science 35% 19% 8% 38% < 1% 713
Don't know 61% 15% 3% 16% 5% 245

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 46% 12% 8% 33% 1% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 17% 11% 8% 63% < 1% 757
Common sense 15% 8% 7% 69% 1% 5,021
Science 15% 10% 8% 67% 1% 713
Don't know 28% 9% 7% 52% 4% 245

Frequency of meditation among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 54% 7% 3% 33% 3% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 38% 10% 4% 46% 2% 757
Common sense 32% 8% 4% 55% 1% 5,021
Science 31% 11% 5% 51% 2% 713
Don't know 44% 6% 3% 37% 10% 245

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 76% 10% 5% 7% 1% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 52% 15% 9% 22% 1% 757
Common sense 48% 16% 11% 24% 1% 5,021
Science 44% 14% 13% 28% 2% 713
Don't know 59% 8% 7% 17% 9% 245

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 49% 13% 10% 25% 3% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 53% 13% 10% 23% 1% 757
Common sense 37% 15% 12% 34% 1% 5,021
Science 43% 12% 14% 30% 1% 713
Don't know 44% 8% 11% 26% 11% 245

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 43% 54% 1% 2% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 22% 76% 1% 1% 757
Common sense 25% 72% 1% 1% 5,021
Science 22% 75% 1% 2% 713
Don't know 25% 58% 6% 10% 245

Frequency of reading scripture among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who read scripture…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 63% 11% 5% 20% 1% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 26% 12% 9% 53% < 1% 757
Common sense 23% 11% 9% 56% 1% 5,021
Science 17% 10% 10% 62% 1% 713
Don't know 37% 9% 8% 39% 7% 245

Interpreting scripture among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say the holy scripture is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 64% 23% 4% 7% 4% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 25% 24% 1% 43% 6% 757
Common sense 30% 26% 2% 33% 8% 5,021
Science 30% 20% 1% 44% 6% 713
Don't know 33% 22% 15% 13% 17% 245

Belief in Heaven among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who …in heaven

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 89% 6% 5% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 67% 25% 8% 757
Common sense 74% 18% 7% 5,021
Science 61% 31% 8% 713
Don't know 79% 9% 12% 245

Belief in Hell among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who …in hell

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 79% 15% 6% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 51% 42% 7% 757
Common sense 58% 33% 9% 5,021
Science 52% 41% 6% 713
Don't know 60% 20% 20% 245

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 41% 22% 37% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 29% 24% 47% 757
Common sense 33% 23% 44% 5,021
Science 25% 26% 50% 713
Don't know 27% 39% 34% 245

Political ideology among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 51% 24% 15% 9% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 28% 35% 30% 7% 757
Common sense 33% 34% 23% 9% 5,021
Science 32% 31% 31% 6% 713
Don't know 33% 25% 20% 22% 245

Views about size of government among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 47% 46% 3% 4% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 46% 48% 3% 3% 757
Common sense 47% 47% 3% 4% 5,021
Science 33% 63% 2% 2% 713
Don't know 31% 42% 6% 20% 245

Views about government aid to the poor among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 47% 46% 4% 3% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 39% 56% 4% 1% 757
Common sense 46% 49% 3% 3% 5,021
Science 40% 55% 3% 2% 713
Don't know 31% 40% 15% 14% 245

Views about abortion among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 27% 68% 4% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 56% 40% 4% 757
Common sense 56% 39% 5% 5,021
Science 58% 38% 4% 713
Don't know 33% 48% 19% 245

Views about homosexuality among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 35% 56% 4% 4% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 75% 19% 4% 2% 757
Common sense 65% 28% 4% 4% 5,021
Science 73% 22% 2% 3% 713
Don't know 40% 34% 11% 15% 245

Views about same-sex marriage among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who …same-sex marriage

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 25% 66% 8% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 65% 27% 7% 757
Common sense 54% 36% 10% 5,021
Science 59% 33% 8% 713
Don't know 30% 46% 24% 245

Views about environmental regulation among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 47% 45% 3% 6% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 36% 59% 3% 3% 757
Common sense 43% 51% 2% 4% 5,021
Science 37% 58% 1% 3% 713
Don't know 32% 39% 7% 22% 245

Views about human evolution among adults with an education level of high school or less by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with an education level of high school or less who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,848. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 10% 23% 3% 57% 6% 3,848
Philosophy/reason 41% 23% 4% 27% 5% 757
Common sense 34% 24% 4% 33% 5% 5,021
Science 49% 17% 3% 28% 3% 713
Don't know 14% 20% 7% 26% 32% 245