Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults with a post-graduate degree

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 28% 17% 38% 15% 3% 5,897

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults with a post-graduate degree by religious group

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 29% 15% 42% 11% 3% 1,128
Evangelical Protestant 66% 7% 20% 6% 2% 959
Hindu 1% 14% 50% 33% 2% 104
Historically Black Protestant 56% 4% 28% 8% 5% 193
Jewish 13% 20% 44% 19% 4% 326
Mainline Protestant 28% 15% 42% 11% 4% 1,269
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 3% 24% 45% 25% 2% 1,382

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,602. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 8% 40% 31% 21% 1,602
Philosophy/reason 9% 44% 28% 18% 972
Common sense 9% 45% 27% 18% 2,143
Science 12% 49% 24% 16% 821
Don't know 6% 30% 31% 33% 206

Generational cohort among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,602. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 1% 13% 33% 37% 14% 1% 1,602
Philosophy/reason 2% 14% 38% 35% 11% 1% 972
Common sense 2% 17% 36% 34% 11% 1% 2,143
Science 2% 20% 38% 29% 10% 1% 821
Don't know 3% 5% 27% 41% 22% 2% 206

Gender composition among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 45% 55% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 50% 50% 989
Common sense 49% 51% 2,196
Science 55% 45% 837
Don't know 44% 56% 228

Racial and ethnic composition among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,618. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 74% 13% 4% 6% 3% 1,618
Philosophy/reason 78% 3% 10% 6% 3% 975
Common sense 76% 7% 10% 5% 2% 2,164
Science 72% 5% 13% 6% 4% 829
Don't know 80% 6% 5% 2% 6% 215

Immigrant status among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,626. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 11% 8% 81% 1,626
Philosophy/reason 17% 14% 69% 982
Common sense 17% 11% 73% 2,180
Science 26% 10% 64% 828
Don't know 15% 12% 73% 219

Income distribution among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who have a household income of…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,471. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 9% 13% 39% 39% 1,471
Philosophy/reason 9% 10% 30% 52% 896
Common sense 8% 10% 31% 51% 1,957
Science 8% 11% 27% 54% 755
Don't know 10% 9% 38% 43% 162

Marital status among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,643. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 71% 3% 9% 5% 13% 1,643
Philosophy/reason 62% 7% 12% 4% 15% 989
Common sense 64% 7% 9% 4% 16% 2,192
Science 65% 8% 8% 3% 17% 831
Don't know 68% 4% 8% 8% 11% 221

Parent of children under 18 among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,638. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 35% 65% 1,638
Philosophy/reason 29% 71% 986
Common sense 33% 67% 2,189
Science 33% 67% 832
Don't know 25% 75% 221

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who say they…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 91% 7% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 32% 28% 11% 1% 24% 5% 989
Common sense 42% 30% 9% 1% 14% 4% 2,196
Science 27% 24% 12% < 1% 34% 4% 837
Don't know 55% 16% 2% 5% 10% 11% 228

Importance of religion in one's life among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 90% 8% 2% < 1% < 1% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 28% 29% 19% 24% < 1% 989
Common sense 30% 34% 20% 16% 1% 2,196
Science 21% 25% 19% 34% 1% 837
Don't know 62% 15% 6% 11% 5% 228

Attendance at religious services among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who attend religious services…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 76% 18% 5% < 1% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 20% 37% 42% < 1% 989
Common sense 21% 42% 36% < 1% 2,196
Science 15% 36% 48% 1% 837
Don't know 44% 30% 22% 4% 228

Frequency of prayer among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 86% 9% 2% 2% < 1% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 32% 18% 7% 42% < 1% 989
Common sense 37% 19% 9% 34% 1% 2,196
Science 24% 14% 7% 54% 1% 837
Don't know 58% 10% 4% 23% 6% 228

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 49% 14% 11% 26% < 1% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 9% 5% 9% 77% < 1% 989
Common sense 9% 7% 8% 75% < 1% 2,196
Science 8% 5% 7% 79% < 1% 837
Don't know 26% 9% 10% 53% 1% 228

Frequency of meditation among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 58% 7% 3% 31% 2% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 44% 12% 7% 36% 1% 989
Common sense 35% 10% 7% 47% 1% 2,196
Science 29% 11% 5% 54% 1% 837
Don't know 53% 7% 4% 31% 5% 228

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 78% 12% 5% 3% < 1% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 51% 19% 14% 16% 1% 989
Common sense 49% 18% 14% 18% 1% 2,196
Science 39% 18% 16% 24% 3% 837
Don't know 71% 12% 6% 6% 6% 228

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 54% 18% 14% 13% 1% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 54% 21% 13% 12% 1% 989
Common sense 42% 18% 19% 20% 1% 2,196
Science 47% 19% 18% 16% < 1% 837
Don't know 62% 11% 14% 7% 5% 228

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 58% 40% 2% < 1% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 22% 75% 2% < 1% 989
Common sense 23% 76% 1% < 1% 2,196
Science 19% 80% 1% 1% 837
Don't know 25% 64% 9% 3% 228

Frequency of reading scripture among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who read scripture…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 67% 12% 6% 15% < 1% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 15% 11% 11% 63% < 1% 989
Common sense 16% 8% 11% 64% 1% 2,196
Science 10% 6% 10% 74% 1% 837
Don't know 36% 14% 11% 37% 2% 228

Interpreting scripture among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who say the holy scripture is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 36% 46% 4% 8% 6% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 4% 19% 1% 71% 6% 989
Common sense 6% 24% 1% 60% 8% 2,196
Science 5% 14% < 1% 75% 6% 837
Don't know 6% 25% 7% 36% 26% 228

Belief in Heaven among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who …in heaven

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 84% 8% 8% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 40% 52% 8% 989
Common sense 54% 38% 9% 2,196
Science 35% 59% 6% 837
Don't know 48% 28% 24% 228

Belief in Hell among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who …in hell

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 71% 20% 10% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 24% 70% 6% 989
Common sense 33% 57% 10% 2,196
Science 21% 71% 7% 837
Don't know 25% 42% 32% 228

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 52% 12% 36% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 23% 8% 69% 989
Common sense 33% 11% 57% 2,196
Science 17% 10% 73% 837
Don't know 25% 29% 47% 228

Political ideology among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 46% 35% 15% 3% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 14% 34% 50% 2% 989
Common sense 21% 41% 35% 3% 2,196
Science 11% 33% 53% 3% 837
Don't know 21% 41% 30% 7% 228

Views about size of government among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 64% 31% 3% 2% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 43% 52% 4% 2% 989
Common sense 52% 42% 3% 3% 2,196
Science 38% 57% 2% 3% 837
Don't know 39% 31% 15% 15% 228

Views about government aid to the poor among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 46% 48% 5% 1% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 23% 73% 3% 1% 989
Common sense 37% 57% 4% 1% 2,196
Science 26% 71% 1% 1% 837
Don't know 23% 52% 14% 11% 228

Views about abortion among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 37% 60% 3% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 80% 18% 2% 989
Common sense 77% 21% 3% 2,196
Science 83% 15% 2% 837
Don't know 60% 27% 13% 228

Views about homosexuality among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 46% 46% 5% 3% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 86% 10% 3% 1% 989
Common sense 83% 11% 3% 2% 2,196
Science 89% 9% 1% 1% 837
Don't know 66% 16% 11% 7% 228

Views about same-sex marriage among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who …same-sex marriage

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 38% 56% 6% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 83% 13% 4% 989
Common sense 77% 17% 5% 2,196
Science 85% 12% 3% 837
Don't know 60% 21% 19% 228

Views about environmental regulation among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 38% 58% 2% 2% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 16% 81% 2% 1% 989
Common sense 25% 71% 2% 2% 2,196
Science 14% 83% 1% 1% 837
Don't know 20% 67% 7% 6% 228

Views about human evolution among adults with a post-graduate degree by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a post-graduate degree who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,647. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 12% 36% 4% 45% 3% 1,647
Philosophy/reason 68% 19% 5% 6% 2% 989
Common sense 55% 24% 6% 14% 2% 2,196
Science 77% 11% 3% 8% 1% 837
Don't know 32% 25% 26% 11% 7% 228