Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who read scripture at least once a week

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,336. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 62% 6% 26% 3% 3% 12,336
2007 55% 5% 33% 3% 4% 12,777

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who read scripture at least once a week by religious group

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 52% 9% 30% 6% 3% 1,810
Evangelical Protestant 73% 3% 19% 2% 2% 5,525
Historically Black Protestant 57% 5% 33% 3% 2% 1,189
Jehovah's Witness 83% < 1% 11% 1% 5% 216
Jewish 54% 14% 24% 4% 4% 121
Mainline Protestant 53% 7% 34% 4% 3% 1,894
Mormon 75% 3% 16% 3% 3% 513
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 32% 14% 45% 5% 4% 606

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 7,612. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 15% 33% 30% 22% 7,612
Philosophy/reason 32% 30% 21% 16% 701
Common sense 18% 34% 27% 21% 2,953
Science 16% 40% 25% 19% 392
Don't know 14% 30% 29% 27% 378

Generational cohort among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 7,612. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 9% 11% 28% 36% 15% 1% 7,612
Philosophy/reason 20% 16% 26% 25% 11% 1% 701
Common sense 10% 13% 29% 32% 14% 2% 2,953
Science 9% 12% 34% 30% 13% 2% 392
Don't know 9% 8% 27% 33% 21% 2% 378

Gender composition among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 40% 60% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 47% 53% 709
Common sense 43% 57% 3,008
Science 46% 54% 400
Don't know 54% 46% 400

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 7,707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 63% 16% 2% 14% 4% 7,707
Philosophy/reason 49% 18% 5% 22% 6% 695
Common sense 54% 22% 3% 16% 5% 2,960
Science 46% 14% 3% 34% 4% 392
Don't know 65% 14% 2% 14% 5% 373

Immigrant status among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 7,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 14% 7% 79% 7,730
Philosophy/reason 22% 13% 65% 698
Common sense 14% 8% 78% 2,958
Science 37% 11% 53% 390
Don't know 15% 6% 79% 390

Income distribution among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who have a household income of…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 6,705. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 37% 21% 27% 14% 6,705
Philosophy/reason 43% 19% 23% 15% 626
Common sense 46% 21% 21% 12% 2,598
Science 45% 23% 21% 11% 350
Don't know 38% 20% 28% 14% 294

Educational distribution among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who have completed…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 7,775. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 42% 33% 16% 9% 7,775
Philosophy/reason 38% 32% 17% 13% 706
Common sense 49% 32% 12% 7% 2,988
Science 46% 28% 13% 14% 397
Don't know 34% 34% 19% 13% 396

Marital status among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 7,775. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 58% 3% 13% 8% 18% 7,775
Philosophy/reason 40% 7% 14% 7% 32% 706
Common sense 45% 7% 17% 9% 22% 2,992
Science 41% 7% 19% 8% 25% 397
Don't know 53% 3% 14% 12% 18% 393

Parent of children under 18 among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 7,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 31% 69% 7,782
Philosophy/reason 30% 70% 709
Common sense 31% 69% 2,999
Science 33% 67% 397
Don't know 27% 73% 392

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say they…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 93% 6% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 73% 17% 4% 1% 3% 2% 709
Common sense 85% 11% 1% 1% 1% 1% 3,008
Science 69% 24% 3% 1% 3% < 1% 400
Don't know 90% 6% < 1% 2% < 1% 2% 400

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 95% 4% < 1% < 1% < 1% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 69% 20% 5% 5% 1% 709
Common sense 77% 18% 3% 2% < 1% 3,008
Science 71% 20% 4% 5% < 1% 400
Don't know 88% 5% 1% 2% 4% 400

Attendance at religious services among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who attend religious services…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 80% 15% 5% < 1% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 49% 34% 16% 1% 709
Common sense 54% 31% 14% < 1% 3,008
Science 58% 28% 13% 1% 400
Don't know 65% 24% 8% 3% 400

Frequency of prayer among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 93% 6% < 1% 1% < 1% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 77% 15% 1% 6% < 1% 709
Common sense 84% 12% 1% 2% 1% 3,008
Science 77% 15% 3% 4% 1% 400
Don't know 89% 7% < 1% 2% 2% 400

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 64% 13% 7% 15% 1% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 41% 17% 11% 30% 1% 709
Common sense 44% 15% 9% 32% 1% 3,008
Science 46% 19% 7% 28% < 1% 400
Don't know 55% 13% 8% 21% 3% 400

Frequency of meditation among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 65% 6% 2% 25% 2% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 69% 7% 2% 21% 1% 709
Common sense 60% 6% 2% 31% 1% 3,008
Science 64% 10% 2% 23% 2% 400
Don't know 68% 4% 1% 21% 6% 400

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 88% 7% 2% 2% 1% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 75% 11% 4% 8% 1% 709
Common sense 77% 12% 5% 5% 1% 3,008
Science 72% 15% 6% 6% 1% 400
Don't know 84% 7% 2% 2% 5% 400

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 55% 15% 8% 20% 2% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 65% 12% 8% 13% 2% 709
Common sense 52% 15% 9% 22% 2% 3,008
Science 62% 16% 10% 12% < 1% 400
Don't know 60% 13% 8% 12% 7% 400

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 56% 41% 2% 1% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 30% 68% 1% 1% 709
Common sense 30% 66% 2% 2% 3,008
Science 31% 67% 1% 1% 400
Don't know 40% 46% 9% 5% 400

Interpreting scripture among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say the holy scripture is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 62% 27% 5% 3% 3% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 30% 36% 3% 24% 7% 709
Common sense 45% 29% 3% 15% 8% 3,008
Science 46% 25% 3% 20% 6% 400
Don't know 35% 27% 17% 7% 15% 400

Belief in Heaven among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who …in heaven

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 88% 6% 7% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 76% 15% 9% 709
Common sense 87% 8% 5% 3,008
Science 81% 12% 7% 400
Don't know 80% 9% 12% 400

Belief in Hell among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who …in hell

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 81% 12% 7% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 57% 35% 8% 709
Common sense 71% 22% 7% 3,008
Science 62% 30% 7% 400
Don't know 64% 20% 16% 400

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 52% 17% 31% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 31% 18% 51% 709
Common sense 36% 19% 46% 3,008
Science 29% 20% 51% 400
Don't know 33% 33% 33% 400

Political ideology among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 59% 24% 11% 7% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 28% 36% 31% 4% 709
Common sense 39% 33% 21% 7% 3,008
Science 38% 32% 24% 6% 400
Don't know 44% 24% 20% 13% 400

Views about size of government among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 59% 35% 3% 3% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 46% 46% 4% 4% 709
Common sense 48% 46% 3% 3% 3,008
Science 39% 57% 1% 4% 400
Don't know 47% 26% 10% 17% 400

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 52% 42% 4% 2% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 37% 59% 3% 2% 709
Common sense 44% 50% 4% 2% 3,008
Science 46% 48% 3% 3% 400
Don't know 36% 39% 16% 9% 400

Views about abortion among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 24% 73% 4% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 53% 44% 4% 709
Common sense 46% 49% 5% 3,008
Science 48% 47% 5% 400
Don't know 33% 52% 15% 400

Views about homosexuality among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 28% 63% 5% 4% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 65% 29% 4% 3% 709
Common sense 55% 36% 5% 4% 3,008
Science 60% 33% 4% 2% 400
Don't know 35% 45% 9% 11% 400

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who …same-sex marriage

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 19% 74% 7% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 60% 33% 7% 709
Common sense 44% 47% 9% 3,008
Science 50% 43% 7% 400
Don't know 25% 55% 20% 400

Views about environmental regulation among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 47% 46% 3% 4% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 31% 65% 2% 2% 709
Common sense 41% 52% 2% 4% 3,008
Science 39% 57% 2% 2% 400
Don't know 33% 45% 8% 15% 400

Views about human evolution among adults who read scripture at least once a week by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture at least once a week who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 7% 23% 2% 63% 5% 7,819
Philosophy/reason 29% 33% 4% 29% 5% 709
Common sense 18% 30% 3% 42% 6% 3,008
Science 31% 26% 4% 35% 4% 400
Don't know 5% 26% 11% 38% 20% 400